Herbs II: Final Review (Part I) Flashcards Preview

Herbal Pharmacopoeia > Herbs II: Final Review (Part I) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Herbs II: Final Review (Part I) Deck (59):
1

Fu Zi / Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata

Functions:

1. Restores the Yang to rescue collapse and devastated Yang disorders. Can assist with Heart Yang above, warm Spleen Yang in the middle, and supplement Kidney Yang below.

2. Strengthens the Yang and supplements the fire. Often used for cold syndromes such as impotence, lack of libido, cold pain of the lower back, epigastrium, and abdomen, frequent night urination, etc.

3. Warms the channels; disperses cold and dampness.

2

Chuan Wu / Radix Aconiti Preparata

Functions:

1. Dispels Wind-Dampness and Wind-Cold or Wind-Damp Bi syndrome. More effective than Fu Zi in dispelling cold, but has less tonifying properties

2. Disperses Cold to alleviate pain

3. Reduces swelling and treats abscesses and lesions

3

Cao Wu / Radix Aconiti Kusnezoffii

Functions:

The properties, channels entered, and actions of this herb are similar to Chuan Wu, but it is stronger and more toxic.

1. Dispels Wind-Dampness and Wind-Cold or Wind-Damp Bi syndrome. More effective than Fu Zi in dispelling cold, but has less tonifying properties

2. Disperses Cold to alleviate pain

3. Reduces swelling and treats abscesses and lesions

4

Rou Gui / Cortex Cinnamomi Cassiae

Functions:

1. Supplements fire and strengthens the Yang. Effective in treating various disorders due to Kidney Yang deficiency and vital gate fire wane

2. Leads fires back to its source (i.e. upward-floating of deficient Kidney Yang)

3. Disperses cold to alleviate pain

4. Warms the channels and unblocks the vessels; treats amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea due to Chong and Ren channels deficiency and cold coagulation leading to blood stagnation

5. Can invigorate the growth of Qi and Blood or constitutional deficiency caused by Qi and blood wane

5

Gan Jiang / Rhizoma Zingiberis

Functions:

1. Warms the middle jiao and disperses cold

2. Restores devastated Yang, warms and unblocks the channels

3. Warms the Lung and transforms congested fluid (dissolves phlegm)

6

Wu Zhu Yu / Fructus Evodiae Rutaecarpae

Functions:

1. Disperses cold and alleviates pain, various pain due to cold stagnating the Liver channel

2. Warms the Middle Jiao to stop vomiting

3. Spreads the Liver and descends rebellious Qi downward

4. Strengthens Spleen Yang and stops diarrhea due to Spleen and Kidney deficiency cold

5. Leads fire downward

6. Activates Qi circulation and relieves pain

7

Xia Hui Xiang / Fructus Feoniculi Vulgaris

Functions:

1. Disperses cold to alleviate pain; warms the Liver and Kidneys

2. Regulates the Qi to harmonize the stomach

8

Bi Pa / Fructus Piperis Longi

Functions:

1. Warms the middle jiao and disperses cold; helps relieve pain in the middle jiao from cold

9

Hu Jiao / Fructus Piperis Nigri

Functions:

1. Warms the middle jiao and disperses cold; can also be used externally when placed in the navel for treating abdominal pain and diarrhea due to exterior cold evil attacking

10

Chuan Jiao / Pericarpium Zanthoxyli Bungeani

Functions:

1. Warms the middle jiao and alleviates pain and helps relieve diarrhea

2. Kills Parasites (particularly roundworm)

3. Stops itch from eczema or vagina itch

11

Ding Xiang / Flos Caryophylli

Functions:

1. Warms the middle jiao and descends rebellious Qi; used for addressing vomiting and hiccough due to stomach cold

2. Disperses cold and alleviates pain; treats stomach cold with epigastric and abdominal pain

3. Warms the Kidney and aids the Yang

4. Used for Yin type sores or traumatic injury

12

Ding Xiang / Flos Caryophylli

Special Characteristics:

Do not combine with Yu Jin

13

Bi Pa / Fructus Piperis Longi

Special Characteristics:

Can help relieve toothache pain when used as a powder; also good for treating angina due to congestion in the chest (chest Bi syndrome)

14

Wu Zhu Yu / Fructus Evodiae Rutaecarpae

Special Characteristics:

Primarily targets the Liver and Stomach

15

Gan Jiang / Rhizoma Zingiberis

Special Characteristics:

Gan Jiang and Xi Xin are the only two herbs that can warm the lung and transform congested fluid

16

Rou Gui / Cortex Cinnamomi Cassiae

Special Charateristics:

When used in decoctions, should be added near the end; should be crushed into small pieces prior to use.

17

Cao Wu / Radix Aconiti Kusnezoffii

Special Characteristics:

Use of powder is not recommended due to its toxicity. This herb is incompatible with Ban Xia, Gua Lou, Bei Mu, Bai Lian, and Bai Ji

18

Chuan Wu / Radix Aconiti Preparata

Special Characteristics:

Use of powder is not recommended due to its toxicity. This herb is incompatible with Ban Xia, Gua Lou, Bei Mu, Bai Lian, and Bai Ji

19

Fu Zi / Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata

Special Characteristics:

This herb is incompatible with Ban Xia, Gua Lou, Bei Mu, Bai Lian, and Bai Ji

20

Ling Yang Jiao / Cornu Saigae Tataricae

Functions:

1. Calms the spirit (heart, shen disturbance), and extinguishes liver wind. Treats spasms and convulsions due to internal movement of Liver Wind. Subdues central nervous system

2. Calms the Liver and anchors Liver Yang

3. Clears Liver Heat and improves vision. Headache, red, swollen eyes, dues to Liver fire rising

4. Clears heat and relieves toxicity

21

Gou Teng / Ramulus Uncariae cum Uncis

Functions:

1. Extinguishes wind and alleviates spasms; treats spasms, convulsions, and seizure disorders due to internal movement of Liver wind

2. Clears heat and calms Liver Yang; treats headache and dizziness due to Liver Fire or Liver Yang rising

3. Used for children at nighttime when weeping aloud

22

Tian Ma / Rhizoma Gastrodia

Functions:

1. Calms the Liver and anchors Yang; major herb for treating dizziness

2. Extinguishes wind and alleviates spasms; chief herb for treatment of spasms and convulsions due to internal movement of liver wind

3. Unblocks channels and collaterals, and alleviates pain; treats headache, wind-damp Bi syndrome and numbness of limbs

23

Quan Xie / Scorpio

Functions:

1. Extinguishes wind and alleviates spasms; treats spasms and convulsions due to various factors, especially excess patterns

2. Attacks toxin and disperses nodules

3. Unblocks channels and collaterals, and alleviates pain; used for chronic and stubborn Bi syndrome

24

Wu Gong / Scolopendra

Functions:

1. Extinguishes wind and alleviates spasms (wind tremors and convulsions)

2. Attacks toxins and disperses nodules; treats toxic swelling including sores, carbuncles, scrofula, phlegm, etc.

3. Unblocks channels and collaterals, and alleviates pain

25

Di Long / Pheretima

Functions:

1. Clears heat and extinguishes wind

2. Unblocks channels and collaterals

3. Calms wheezing: cough in children and respiratory disorders due to heat

4. Promotes urination; clears heat from the urinary bladder

5. Currently used for treating hypertension, mumps, erysipelas, and psychosis; anchors Liver Yang and lowers blood pressure

26

Niu Huang / Calculus Bovis

Functions:

1. Extinguishes wind and alleviates spasms; treats convulsions with high fever and unconsciousness in warm febrile disease or childhood acute convulsions

2. Transforms phlegm and opens the orifices; used to treat coma with closed mouth among other wind diseases

3. Clears and relieves toxicity

27

Bai Ji Li / Fructus Tribuli

Functions:

1. Calms the Liver Yang; treats dizziness and vertigo due to the ascent of Liver Yang

2. Spreads the Liver constraint; facilitates the flow of Liver Qi and disperses stagnation

3. Expels wind and stops itching

4. Brightens the eyes

28

Niu Huang / Calculus Bovis

Special Characteristics:

King herb for treating Liver Wind

29

Di Long / Pheretima

Special Characteristics:

Anti-allergy. Good for parkinsons, epilepsy, Bi syndrome, lesions, and rashes

30

Wu Gong / Scolopendra

Special Characteristics:

Also used for treating impotence and low libido

31

Quan Xie / Scorpio

Special Characteristics:

Toxic only in the tail, not in the head

32

Gou Teng / Ramulus Uncariae cum Uncis

Special Characteristics:

Chief herb for treating hypertension. Common function of all teng (vines) is to unblock the channels

33

Ling Yang Jiao / Cornu Saigae Tataricae

Special Characteristics:

In decoction, must boil alone for at least 2 hours

34

Shi Jue Ming / Concha Haliotidis

Functions:

1. Calms the Liver and anchors Yang

2. Clears Liver heat and brightens the eyes

35

Mu Li / Conchae Ostreae

Functions:

1. Calms the Liver and anchors the Yang; dizziness, headache and tinnitus due to Liver Yang rising

2. Heavily sedates and calms the spirit; addresses palpitation and insomnia due to restlessness of spirit

3. Astringes leakage of fluids and secure slippage disorders (i.e. spermatorrhea, enuresis, frequent urination)

4. Softens hardness and dissipates nodules

5. Absorbs acidity and alleviates pain; treats stomachache with acid regurgitation

36

Long Gu / Os Draconis

Functions:

1. Heavily sedates and calms the spirit

2. Calms the Liver and anchors floating Yang; addresses dizziness due to Liver Yang deficiency

3. Astringes leakage of fluids and secures slippage disorders

4. Astringes boils and generates flesh

37

Ci Shi / Magnetitum

Functions:

1. Sedate the fright and calms the spirit; addresses fright, palpitations, insomnia, irritability, etc. due to restless spirit

2. Calms the Liver and anchors the Yang

3. Improves hearing and vision

4. Grasps the Qi and calms wheezing

38

Dai Zhe Shi / Haematium

Functions:

1. Calms the Liver and anchors Yang

2. Heavily sedates and descends rebellion (commonly vomiting, coughing, and wheezing from Stomach and Lung Qi rebellion); redirects rebellious qi downward

3. Heavily sedates the Heart and calms the spirit

4. Cools the blood and stops bleeding (bleeding due to heat)

39

Zhen Zhu / Margarita

Functions:

1. Sedates the Heart and calms fright; settles palpitations, tremors, epilepsy, and convulsions due to Heart heat

2. Extinguishes wind and arrests fright and convulsions

3. Clears the Liver heat and eliminates nebula (superficial visual obstructions)

4. Clears heat and relieves toxicity

5. Astringes ulcers and generates the flesh; treats chronic, non-healing ulcers

40

Dai Zhe Shi / Haematium

Special Characteristics:

This herb is descending- good for treating rebellion

41

Ci Shi / Magnetitum

Special Characteristics:

More focused on Kidney than Liver

42

Long Gu / Os Draconis

Special Characteristics:

Raw Long Gu is used for calmign the spirit and anchoring asendant Liver Yang; calcined Long Gu is used for astringing

43

Mu Li / Conchae Ostreae

Special Characteristics:

Use charred herb for even more astringency; Calcine (char) to absorb acidity and stabilize slippage, otherwise use in raw form

44

Shi Jue Ming / Concha Haliotidis

Special Characteristics:

Chief herb for treating red, swollen, and painful eyes.

45

Zhu Sha / Cinnabaris

Functions:

1. Heavily sedates the Heart and calms the spirit; treats palpitation and insomnia due to various factors

2. Clears heat and relieves toxicity; topically used to address skin sores, carbuncles, sore throat, ulceration of mouth and tongue due to toxic heat

46

Hu Po / Succinum

Functions:

1. Heavily sedates startle and calms the shen; addresses tremors, convulsions, epilepsy, insomnia and frightened palpitation

2. Invigorates the blood and disperses blood stasis or blood stagnation such as from traumatic injury

3. Promotes urination and unblocks Lin

4. Reduces swelling and promotes healing; used to treat sores, carbuncles, and ulcers of the skin

47

Suan Zao Ren / Semen Ziziphi Sinosae

Functions:

1. Nourishes the Heart, augments the Liver, and clams the spirit; addresses palpitation and insomnia due to Yin and blood deficiency.

2. Inhibits sweating: constitutional deficiency that leads to spontaneous sweating and night sweats

48

Bai Zi Ren / Semen Platycladi

Functions:

1. Nourishes the Heart and calms the spirit; addresses irritability, insomnia, poor memory, and frightening palpitations

2. Moistens the intestines and unblocks the bowels; treats constipation due to Yin and blood deficiency, or in senile people or postpartum women

49

Yuan Zhi / Radix Polygalae

Functions:

1. Quiets the Heart and calms the spirit; treats palpitation, startle, insomnia, and poor memory

2. Expels phlegm and opens the orifices

3. Dissipates abscesses and swelling; used to treat boils, sores, carbuncles, swollen and painful breasts

50

Ye Jiao Teng / Caulis Polygoni Multiflori

Functions:

1. Nourishes the Heart and calms the spirit; addresses irritability, excessive dreams, and easy to frighten due to Yin and blood deficiency

2. Nourishes the blood and unblocks the channels

3. Expels wind and alleviated itching

51

He Huan Pi / Cortex Albiziae

Functions:

1. Calms the spirit and relieves constraint; treats depression, irritability, and insomnia

2. Invigorates the blood; used with traumatic injury and fracture with pain

3. Dissipates abscesses

52

He Huan / Hua Flos Albiziae

Function:

1. Calms the spirit and relieves constraint; used to treat depression and insomnia, it can nourish the Heart, relieve constraint, and calm the spirit

2. Regulates the Qi and whet the appetite; addresses Heart and Spleen Qi constraint marked by stifling sensation in the chest and reduced appetite

3. Invigorates the blood and alleviates the pain; soreness of lower back and legs, and traumatic injury with pain due to Qi and blood stagnation

53

He Huan / Hua Flos Albiziae

Special Characteristics:

More effective at treating the liver

54

He Huan Pi / Cortex Albiziae

Special Characteristics:

More effective for palpitation, insomnia, and shen disturbance

55

Ye Jiao Teng / Caulis Polygoni Multiflori

Special Characteristics:

Can decrease blood fat; prevent fatty liver. Can help change the HDL/LDL ratio

56

Yuan Zhi / Radix Polygalae

Special Characteristics:

Increases production from mucus membrane, making phlegm thinner

57

Bai Zi Ren / Semen Platycladi

Special Characteristics:

Nourishes the yin and enriches the blood

58

Suan Zao Ren / Semen Ziziphi Sinosae

Special Characteristics:

Nourishes the Heart Yin and Liver blood

59

Zhu Sha / Cinnabaris

Special Characteristics:

Do not heat to prevent mercury poisoning. Blow into mouth to treat throat.