Herbs III: Final (Part I) Flashcards Preview

Herbal Pharmacopoeia > Herbs III: Final (Part I) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Herbs III: Final (Part I) Deck (51):
1

Ju Pi / Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae
Tangerine Peel

Functions:

1. Promotes Qi movement and strengthens the Spleen; addresses distention and pain in the epigastrium and abdomen, loss of appetite, and indigestion due to Spleen and Stomach Qi stagnation

2. Harmonizes the Stomach and stops vomiting; treats nausea, vomiting, belching, and hiccup due to disharmony of the Stomach

3. Dries dampness and transforms phlegm

4. Also used for chest Bi syndrome due to phlegm obstruction and Qi stagnation

2

Qing Pi / Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Viride
Immature Tangerine Peel

Function:

1. Breaks up the Qi stagnation and spreads the Liver; addresses Liver Qi constraint such as distention and pain in the hypochondrium or breast, and hernial pain

2. Dissipates (breaks up) clumps and transforms stagnation

3. Recently used for raising blood pressure

3

Da Fu Pi / Pericarpium Arecae
Areca Husk

Functions:

1. Promotes Qi movement and reduces distention; directs Qi downward and expands the middle jiao to address resses epigastric and abdominal distention and fullness due to Qi stagnation and dampness obstruction

2. Promotes urination and reduces edema (especially superficial edema)

4

Zhi Shi / Fructus Aurantii Immaturus
Immature Bitter Orange

Functions:

1. Breaks up stagnant Qi and reduces accumulation; addresses epigastric or abdominal pain and distention or indigestion with oppression and distention or gas

2. Directs the Qi downward and unblocks the bowels; treats food stagnation, constipation, and dysentery due to Stomach and Intestines accumulation

3. Transforms phlegm and expels Pi syndrome (distention and fullness); addresses chest Bi due to phlegm obstructing the chest or phlegm-heat accumulating in the chest

4. Currently used for treating gastroptosis, prolapse of anus, metroptosis, and hypotension

5

Zhi Ke / Fructus Aurantii
Bitter Orange

Functions:

1. Breaks up stagnant Qi and reduces accumulation; addresses epigastric or abdominal pain and distention or indigestion with oppression and distention or gas

2. Directs the Qi downward and unblocks the bowels; treats food stagnation, constipation, and dysentery due to Stomach and Intestines accumulation

3. Transforms phlegm and expels Pi syndrome (distention and fullness); addresses chest Bi due to phlegm obstructing the chest or phlegm-heat accumulating in the chest

4. Currently used for treating gastroptosis, prolapse of anus, metroptosis, and hypotension

6

Mu Xiang / Radix Aucklandiae
Costus Root

Functions:

1. Promotes Qi movement and alleviates pain

a. Distention and pain in the epigastrium and abdomen caused by Spleen and Stomach Qi stagnation

b. Oppression and fullness in the epigastrium and abdomen caused by lack of transformation and transportation (from Spleen Qi deficiency)

c. For damp-heat dysentery marked by abdominal pain and tenesmus

7

Xiang Fu / Rhizoma Cyperi
Nutgrass Rhizome

Functions:

1. Promotes Qi movement and spreads the Liver; addresses Liver Qi stagnation marked by distention and pain in the hypochondrium, generally with stifling sensation in the chest

2. Regulates menstruation and alleviates pain. Commonly used to treat irregular or painful menstruation and PMS due to constrained Liver Qi

8

Wu Yao / Radix Linderae
Lindera Root

Functions:

1. Promotes Qi movement, disperses cold, and alleviates pain; addresses Spleen cold constraint and Qi stagnation marked by distention and pain in the epigastrium and abdomen, reduced appetite, stifling sensation in the chest, and borborygmus

2. Warms the Kidney and disperses cold

a. For painful menstruation, lower abdominal distention, and pain in hernial disorder due to cold

b. Used for frequent urination and enuresis due to deficient cold in the Lower Jiao

9

Chen Xiang / Lignum Aquilariae Resinatum
Aloeswood

Functions:

1. Promotes the Qi movement and alleviates pain; addresses distention and pain I the chest and abdomen due to Qi stagnation

2. Warms the middle jiao and descends rebellion; treats vomiting an dhiccup due to stomach cold

3. Grasps the Qi and calms wheezing; treat wheezing and asthma due to Lung and Kidney deficient cold or due to excess above and deficiency below

10

Tan Xiang / Lignum Santali Albi
Sandalwood

Functions:

1. Promotes Qi movement, disperses cold, and alleviates pain

a. Treats pain in the chest or epigastrium due to Qi stagnation

b. Used for chest Bi syndrome due to cold coagulation and Qi stagnation

c. Recently used for coronary heart disease with angina

11

Chuan Lian Zi / Fructus Toosendan
Sichuan Chinaberry Fruit

Functions:

1. Spreads the Liver, clears heat, promotes Qi movement, and alleviates pain; addresses hypochondriac, epigastric, and abdominal distention along with pain, hernial pain, and dysmenorrheal due to Liver Qi constraint transforming into fire and attacking

2. Kills parasites and stops pain; addresses abdominal pain due to parasites (roundworm) or accumulation

3. Cures tinea infections; used externally for tinea capitis

12

Xie Bai / Bulbus Alli Macrostemi
Chinese Chive

Functions:

1. Promotes Qi movement, unblocks the Yang and extends the chest; addresses chest Bi syndrome due to phlegm with accumulation or blood stasis and chest Yang obstruction marked by pain and stifling or stabbing pain and distention

2. Promotes the Qi movement and directs stagnation downward; treats dysentery due to dampness obstruction and Qi stagnation in the Large Intestine marked by tenesmus and red-white dysentery due to damp heat

13

Fo Shou / Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis
Finger Citron Fruit

Functions:

. Spreads and regulates the Liver Qi; addresses Liver and Stomach Qi stgnation marked by distention and pain in the hypochondrium and epigastrium accompanied by belching and vomiting

2. Harmonizes the Stomach and strengthens the Spleen; addresses epigastric and abdominal distention and pain due to Stomach and Spleen Qi stagnation

3. Transforms phlegm and extends the chest; addresses chronic coughing with copious sputum marked by stifling sensation and pain in the chest due to Lung Qi stagnation

14

Yi Mu Cao / Herba Leonuri
Chinese Motherwort

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood and unblocks the menses. Commonly used for gynecological disorders such as lochioschesis

2. Promotes urination and reduces edema— both edema and urinary difficulty. Can help reduce hypertension also. Especially used for edema and urinary difficulty with hypertension

3. Clears heat and relieves toxicity; addresses sores, carbuncles, and rashes with itching

15

Chong Wei Zi / Semen Leonuri
Leonurus

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood and unblocks the menses. Commonly used for gynecological disorders such as lochioschesis

2. Promotes urination and reduces edema— both edema and urinary difficulty. Can help reduce hypertension also. Especially used for edema and urinary difficulty with hypertension

3. Clears heat and relieves toxicity; addresses sores, carbuncles, and rashes with itching

16

Ze Lan / Herba Lycopi
Bugleweed

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood and unblocks the menses. Commonly used for gynecological disorders as well as pain and bruising due to external and sports injuries.

2. Promotes urination and reduces edema— both edema and urinary difficulty. Regulates water circulation and reduces swelling

3. Clears heat and relieves toxicity; addresses sores, carbuncles, and rashes with itching

17

Ji Xue Teng / Caulis Spatholobi
Spatholobus

Functions:

1. Promotes the blood movement and tonifies the blood; addresses irregular menstruation, dysmenorrhea, and amenorrhea due to either blood stagnation or blood deficiency

2. Invigorates the channels and relaxes the sinews; treats numbness of the extremities, hemiplegia, paralysis, and wind-damp Bi syndrome with either blood stagnation or blood deficiency

18

Tao Ren / Semen Persicae
Peach Seed

Functions:

1. Breaks up blood stasis
a. Dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, postpartum abdominal pain, and abdominal masses
b. Traumatic injury
c. Sores and carbuncles
d. Lu abscesses
e. Intestinal abscesses

2. Moistens the intestines and unblocks the bowels; helps address constipation due to dry intestines

3. Stops coughing; addresses coughing and wheezing

19

Hong Hua / Flos Carthami
Safflower

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood and unblocks the channels; addresses blood stasis patterns with dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, postpartum abdominal pain due to lochioschesis, and abdominal masses

2. Disperses blood stasis and alleviates pain; treats pain due to stasis pattern such as traumatic injury, chest Bi syndrome, and chronic wind-damp Bi syndrome. Also used for incomplete expression of the rash of measles

20

Wu Ling Zhi / Excrementum Trogopteri seu Pteromi
Flying Squirrel Feces

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood and alleviates pain; addresses blood stasis pattern with amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, postpartum lochioschesis with abdominal pain, and pain in the epigastrium, chest, and abdomen

2. Transforms blood stasis and stops bleeding; treats bleeding caused by blood stasis

21

Chuan Niu Xi / Radix Cyathulae
Cyathula

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood and unblocks the channels; treats gynecological disorders due to blood stasis and traumatic injury

2. Tonifies the Liver and Kidney and strengthens the sinews and bones; addresses soreness and weakness in the lower back and lower extremities

3. Promotes urination and unblocks Lin; treats not Lin, bloody Lin, and stone Lin syndromes

4. Directs fire or blood downward
a. Headache and dizziness due to ascendant Liver Yang
b. Sores in the mouth and tongue and swollen and painful gums due to Stomach fire rising
c. Vomiting of blood and nosebleed due to upward Qi and fire rebellion

22

Huai Niu Xi / Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae
Achyranthes

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood and unblocks the channels; treats gynecological disorders due to blood stasis and traumatic injury

2. Tonifies the Liver and Kidney and strengthens the sinews and bones; addresses soreness and weakness in the lower back and lower extremities

3. Promotes urination and unblocks Lin; treats not Lin, bloody Lin, and stone Lin syndromes

4. Directs fire or blood downward
a. Headache and dizziness due to ascendant Liver Yang
b. Sores in the mouth and tongue and swollen and painful gums due to Stomach fire rising
c. Vomiting of blood and nosebleed due to upward Qi and fire rebellion

23

Chuan Shan Jia / Squama Mantis
Anteater Scales

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood and unblocks the channels; addresses blood stasis pattern with amenorrhea, abdominal masses, and wind-damp Bo-syndrome

2. Reduces swelling and expels pus; used for treating toxic swellings such as abscesses and boils. Can dissolve as yet unformed pus and promote discharge of pus in suppurative lesions

3. Promotes lactation; addresses insufficient lactation due to Qi and blood stagnation

24

Wang Bu Liu Xing / Semen Vaccariae
Vaccaria Seeds

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood and unblocks the channels; addresses blood stasis pattern with amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea

2. Promotes lactation and reduces abscess; treats insufficient lactation and breast abscess in early stage that has not yet ulcerated yet

3. Promotes urination and unblocks Lin syndrome; treats hot Lin, bloody Lin, and stone Lin syndrome. Currently often used for prostatitis

25

Lu Lu Tong / Fructus Liquidambaris
Sweetgum Fruit

Functions:

1. Promotes movement of Qi and blood; opens the Middle Jiao and unblocks the channels
a. Distention and pain in the epigastrium and abdomen
b. Wind-damp Bi syndrome and irregular menstruation
c. Insufficient lactation due to Qi and blood stagnation

2. Promotes urination; addresses edema and urinary difficulty

26

Shui Zhi / Hirudo
Leech

Functions:

1. Breaks up and drives our blood stasis and reduces immobile masses; addresses amenorrhea and immobile abdominal masses due to blood stasis. Also used for traumatic injury

27

Su Mu / Lignum Sappan
Sappan Wood

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood, reduces swelling, and alleviates pain; addresses blood stasis patterns such as postpartum abdominal pain, amenorrhea, and traumatic injury

2. Stops bleeding; treats postpartum bleeding with dizziness, vertigo, and shortness of breath

28

Chi Shao (Yao) / Radix Paeoniae Rubrae
Red Peony Root

Functions:

1. Clears heat and cools the blood; addresses heat affecting into the Ying and blood levels in warm febrile disease, and hot pattern bleeding

2. Invigorates the blood and disperses blood stasis; treats amenorrhea, painful menses, abdominal masses, and traumatic injury due to blood stasis. Also used for bloody dysentery with abdominal pain

3. Clears Liver fire; treats headache and red eyes due to Liver fire rising

29

Chuan Xiang / Rhizoma Ligustici Chuanxiong
Sichuan Lovage Rhizome

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood and promotes Qi movement; addresses irregular menses, amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea, abdominal pain, hypochondriac pain, chest Bi syndrome, trauma with swelling and pain due to blood stasis with Qi stagnation

2. Expels wind and alleviates pain; treats various kinds of headache and wind-damp Bi syndrome

30

Ru Xiang / Gummi Olibanum
Frankincense

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood, promotes the Qi movement, and alleviates pain; addresses various types of pain due to blood stagnation, especially with Qi stagnation (i.e. stomachache, chest Bi syndrome, postpartum abdominal pain, traumatic swelling and pain)

2. Reduces swelling and generates flesh; treats sores, carbuncles, and chronic non-healing sores

31

Mo Yao / Myrrha
Myrrh

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood, promotes the Qi movement, and alleviates pain; addresses various types of pain due to blood stagnation, especially with Qi stagnation (i.e. stomachache, chest Bi syndrome, postpartum abdominal pain, traumatic swelling and pain)

2. Reduces swelling and generates flesh; treats sores, carbuncles, and chronic non-healing sores

32

Yan Hu Suo / Rhizoma Corydalis
Corydalis

Functions:

1. Promotes Qi movement, invigorates the blood, and alleviates pain; addresses various kinds of pain due to Qi and blood stagnation such as:

a. Chest Bi syndrome
b. Hypochondriac pain or epigastric abdominal pain
c. Hernial disorder with pain
d. Menstrual pain
e. Traumatic pain

33

Yu Jin / Radix Cucumae
Tumeric Tuber

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood and promotes Qi movement; addressed pain in the chest, epigastrium, hypochondrium, and painful menses due to blood and Qi stagnation

2. Spreads the Liver, relieves constraint, and opens the orifices (for mental confusion and mental disturbance); addresses hot phlegm obstructing the heart orifice, damp-warm febrile diseases with unconsciousness and delirium, anxiety, agitation, epilepsy, and madness

3. Benefits the Gallbladder and reduces jaundice— jaundice from damp heat in the Liver and Gallbladder channels or gallstones

4. Cools the blood and stops bleeding; addresses bleeding due to blood heat. Used especially for vomiting blood and nosebleeds due to Liver Qi fire rising and bloody Lin syndrome

34

Jian Huang / Rhizoma Curcumae Longae
Tumeric Rhizome

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood and promotes Qi movement; addresses chest pain, hypochondriac pain, amenorrhea or postpartum with abdominal pain due to blood stasis and Qi stagnation

2. Unblocks the channels to alleviate pain; addresses wind-damp-cold Bi syndrome marked by pain of the shoulder and upper extremities

3. Topically used for treating sores and carbuncles; also treats swelling and pain from sores and lesions

35

E Zhu / Rhizoma Curcumae Ezhu
Curcuma Zedoria

Functions:

1. Breaks up blood stasis. Promotes Qi movement, and alleviates pain; addresses abdominal and epigastric masses, amenorrhea, and abdominal pain due to blood stasis with Qi stagnation. Treats tumors, abdominal masses, cirrhosis and fibroids

2. Reduces food accumulation

36

San Leng / Rhizoma Sparganii
Bur-reed Rhizome

Functions:

1. Breaks up blood stasis, promotes the Qi movement, and alleviates pain; addresses abdominal and epigastric masses, amenorrhea, and abdominal pain due to blood stasis with Qi stagnation

2. Reduces food accumulation

37

Dan Shen / Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae
Salvia Root

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood and disperses blood stasis (various kinds of blood stasis):
a. Used especially for blood stasis with heat pattern such as irregular menses, painful menses, amenorrhea, and postpartum abdominal pain
b. Abdominal and epigastric masses
c. Chest Bi syndrome with stabbing pain
d. Epigastic and abdominal pain
e. Wind-damp Bi syndrome

2. Cools the blood and reduces sore; treats sores and carbuncles with swelling pain

3. Clears heat, soothes irritability, and calms the spirit; addresses irritability and insomnia due to heat entering the Ying level or Heart and Kidney Yin deficiency

38

Hu Zhang / Rhizoma Polygoni Cuspidati
Polygonum Cuspidatum

Functions:

1. Invigorates the blood and unblocks the channels; addressed amenorrhea, dysmenorrheal, traumatic injury, and wind-damp Bi syndrome

2. Clears heat, drains dampness, and reduces jaundice; treats damp-heat jaundice, hot Lin syndrome, turbid urine, turbid vaginal discharge. Also used for treating gallstone and urinary tract stone due to damp heat

3. Clears heat and transforms phlegm; treats coughing due to Lung heat

4. Clears heat and relieves toxicity; treats burn injuries, sores, carbuncles, and snakebites

39

Da Ji / Herba seu Radix Cirsii Japonici
Japanese Thistle

Functions:

1. Cools blood and stops bleeding; addresses reckless movement of hot blood leading to vomiting blood, coughing of blood, nosebleed, uterine bleeding, and blood in urine

2. Disperses blood stasis and reduces swelling; treats sores and carbuncles due to toxic heat with blood stasis

3. Reduces hypertension; addresses hypertension due to ascendant Liver Yang

40

Di Yu / Radix Sanguisorbae
Garden Burnet Root

Functions:

1. Cools the blood and stops bleeding; used especially for Lower Jiao blood leading to blood in the stool, bleeding hemorroids, bloody dysentery, and abnormal uterine bleeding. Also for vomiting blood and nosebleed

2. Clears toxic heat and generates flesh. Apply topically for sores, ulcers, and injuries from burns

41

Huai Hua Mi / Flos Sophorae
Japanese Pagoda Tree Flower

Functions:

1. Cools the blood and stops bleeding; addresses bleeding due to blood heat. Especially used for bleeding in the Lower Jiao such as blood in the stool, bleeding hemorrhoids, and blood dysentery. Also used for coughing of blood and nosebleed

2. Clear the Liver heat and drains fire; addresses headache and red eyes due to ascendant Liver fire. Recently used for hypertension

42

Ce Bai Ye / Cacumen Platycladi
Arborvitae Leaves

Functions:

1. Cools the blood and stops bleeding; widely used for various bleeding due to blood heat such as coughing of blood, vomiting blood, nosebleed, bleeding gums, blood in the stool or urine, and uterine bleeding.

2. Transforms phlegm and stops coughing; treats coughing with copious sputum due to Lung heat

43

Bai Mao Gen / Rhizoma Imperatae
Woolly Grass

Functions:

1. Cools the blood and stops bleeding; treats bleeding due to blood heat. Often used for vomiting blood, coughing of blood, nosebleed, and blood in urine

2. Clears heat and promotes urination; treats hot-Lin syndrome, urinary difficulty, and edema

3. Clears Lung heat and Stomach heat; addresses warm febrile disease with irritability and thirst, vomiting sue to Stomach heat, and coughing due to Lung heat

44

Xian He Cao / Herba Agrimoniae
Agromony

Functions:

1. Restrains leakage of blood and stops bleeding; widely used for various bleeding such as vomiting blood, coughing of blood, nosebleed, blood in stool or urine, and uterine bleeding.

2. Reduces food stagnation

3. Alleviated diarrhea and dysentery; can be used for chronic diarrhea and dysentery as this herb has a restraining nature

4. Kills parasites— particularly trichomonas vaginitis and tapeworm.

45

Bai Ji / Rhizoma Bletillae
Bletilla

Functions:

1. Restrains leakage of blood and stops bleeding; addresses coughing of blood, vomiting blood, and traumatic bleeding

2. Reduces swelling and generates flesh; treats sores, ulcers, anal fissures, and chapped skin

46

Xue Yu Tan / Crinis Carbonisatus
Charred Human Hair

Functions:

1. Restrains leakage of blood, stops bleeding, and transforms blood stasis; widely used for various bleeding such as vomiting blood, coughing of blood, nosebleed, blood in the stool or urine, and uterine bleeding

2. Promotes urination; treats Lin syndrome, especially bloody Lin syndrome

47

Ou Jie / Nodus Nelumbinis Rhizomatis
Lotus Node

Functions:

1. Restrains leakage of blood, stops bleeding, and transforms blood stasis; used for many types of bleeding. Most often used for bleeding associated with heat in the Lung or Stomach with vomiting or coughing of blood, or nosebleed

48

San Qi / Radix Notoginseng
Notoginseng

Functions:

1. Restrains leakage of blood, stops bleeding, and transforms blood stasis; vomiting blood, coughing of blood, nosebleed, blood in urine or stool, uterine bleeding and traumatic bleeding

2. Reduces swelling and alleviates pain; treats traumatic injuries with swelling and pain due to blood stasis

3. Recently used for angina

49

Qian Cao Gen / Radix Rubiae
Madder Root

Functions:

1. Cools the blood and stops bleeding; addresses vomiting blood, nosebleed, coughing of blood, blood in the stool or urine, uterine bleeding, or any kind of bleeding due to blood heat

2. Invigorates the blood and unblocks the channels; treats amenorrhea due to blood stasis, traumatic injuries, and Bi syndrome

50

Pu Huang / Pollen Typhae
Cattail Pollen

Functions:

1. Stops bleeding; addresses various forms of bleeding whether there is stasis or not

2. Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis; treats chest pain, postpartum abdominal pain, and menstrual pain due to blood stasis

51

Ai Ye / Folium Artemisiae Argyi
Mugwort Leaf

Functions:

1. Warms the channels and stops bleeding; addresses bleeding due to deficient cold and can especially warm the Lower Jiao (and uterus) for prolonged menstrual bleeding and uterine bleeding. Also used for vomiting due to Middle Jiao deficient cold

2. Disperses cold and alleviates pain; treats dysmenorrheal, infertility, and epigastric and abdominal pain due to deficient cold

3. Warms to the uterus and calms the fetus; treats restless fetus, lower abdominal pain, and vaginal bleeding as in threatened miscarriage

4. Topically used for skin itching from eczema