Herbs II: Class Two Flashcards Preview

Herbal Pharmacopoeia > Herbs II: Class Two > Flashcards

Flashcards in Herbs II: Class Two Deck (38):
1

Shan Zha / Fructus Crataegi

Temperature:

Properties:

Shan Zha / Fructus Crataegi

Temperature: Slightly Warm

Properties: Sour, Sweet

2

Shan Zha / Fructus Crataegi

Functions:

1. Reduces and transforms food accumulation, especially due to meat and greasy foods

2. Promotes the Qi movement and disperses blood stasis

3. Treats cardiovascular disorders

3

Shan Zha / Fructus Crataegi

Channels:

Shan Zha / Fructus Crataegi

Channels: Spleen, Stomach, Liver

4

Shan Zha / Fructus Crataegi

Special Characteristic(s):

Special for digesting meat and greasy foods.

Sheng (raw) Shan Zha good for reducing food stagnation and dispersing blood stasis.

Jiao/Chao (charred) Shan Zha used for stopping diarrhea/dysentery

5

Shen Qu / Massa Fermentata

Temperature:

Properties:

Shen Qu / Massa Fermentata

Temperature: Warm

Properties: Sweet, Acrid

6

Shen Qu / Massa Fermentata

Functions:

1. Reduces food stagnation, and harmonizes the stomach.

2. Helps to digest herbs that contain minerals and shells.

7

Shen Qu / Massa Fermentata

Channels:

Shen Qu / Massa Fermentata

Channels: Spleen, Stomach

8

Shen Qu / Massa Fermentata

Special Characteristics:

Especially good for food stagnation with exterior syndrome or when consuming alcohol.

9

Mai Ya / Fructus Hordei Vulgaris Germinantus

Temperature:

Properties:

Mai Ya / Fructus Hordei Vulgaris Germinantus

Temperature: Neutral

Properties: Sweet

10

Mai Ya / Fructus Hordei Vulgaris Germinantus

Functions:

1. Reduces food stagnation, especially due to starchy foods; strengthens the stomach

2. Inhibits lactation and relieves distention

3. Spreads the liver and relieves the constrained Qi; relieves liver Qi stagnation or disharmony of the liver and stomach

11

Mai Ya / Fructus Hordei Vulgaris Germinantus

Channels:

Mai Ya / Fructus Hordei Vulgaris Germinantus

Channels: Spleen, Stomach, Liver

12

Mai Ya / Fructus Hordei Vulgaris Germinantus

Special Characteristics:

Especially good for food stagnation due to starchy foods.

Can be used when treating emotional distress such as anxiety and depression with crying.

13

Gu Ya / Fructus Oryzae Sativae Germinantus

Temperature:

Properties:

Gu Ya / Fructus Oryzae Sativae Germinantus

Temperature: Neutral

Properties: Sweet

14

Gu Ya / Fructus Oryzae Sativae Germinantus

Functions:

1. Reduces food stagnation; promotes digestion and harmonizes the middle jiao

2. Strengthens the spleen and encourages appetite

15

Gu Ya / Fructus Oryzae Sativae Germinantus

Channels:

Gu Ya / Fructus Oryzae Sativae Germinantus

Channels: Spleen, Stomach

16

Gu Ya / Fructus Oryzae Sativae Germinantus

Special Characteristics

Good for resolving food stagnation due to starchy foods, and for addressing reduced appetite due to spleen deficiency.

Sheng (raw) Gu Ya is good for harmonizing the MJ (reducing nauseas and vomiting).

17

Lai Fu Zi / Semen Raphani Sativi

Temperature:

Properties:

Lai Fu Zi / Semen Raphani Sativi

Temperature: Neutral

Properties: Acrid, Sweet

18

Lai Fu Zi / Semen Raphani Sativi

Functions:

1. Reduces food stagnation. Eliminates distention, food accumulation with Qi stagnation.

2. Descends rebellious Qi. Transforms phlegm, coughing, and wheezing with copious sputum, stifling sensation in the chest, reduced appetite.

19

Lai Fu Zi / Semen Raphani Sativi

Channels:

Lai Fu Zi / Semen Raphani Sativi

Channels: Spleen, Stomach, Lung

20

Lai Fu Zi / Semen Raphani Sativi

Special Characteristics:

Directly addresses stagnation; eliminates epigastric and abdominal distention, fullness, and pain.

Transforms phlegm, coughing, and wheezing with copious sputum.

It is not appropriate to combine with Ren Shen as the two herbs will cancel the effects of one another.

21

Ji Nei Jin / Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli

Temperature:

Properties:

Ji Nei Jin / Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli

Temperature: Neutral

Properties: Sweet

22

Ji Nei Jin / Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli

Functions:

1. Strongly reduces food stagnation; strengthens the stomach

2. Secures the essence; stops spermatorrhea and enuresis due to Kidney deficiency

3. Transforms and dissolves stones

23

Ji Nei Jin / Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli

Channels:

Ji Nei Jin / Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli

Channels: Spleen, Stomach, Small Intestine, Urinary Bladder

24

Ji Nei Jin / Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli

Special Characteristics:

Strongly reduces food stagnation (various food stagnation); strongest for indigestion.

Mostly used alone in powder. Best if used raw- not effective if boiled.

Helps with secretion of digestive enzyme; increases frequency and strength of stomach movements.

25

Digestive Herbs (Category)

Description:

Herbs that promote digestion to strengthen the spleen, enhance the appetite, promote digestion, and relieve food stagnation.

26

Shan Zha

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Shan Zha

Pharmaceutical Name: Fructus Crataegi

English Name: Hawthorn Berry

Literal Translation: Mountain Hawthorn

27

Shen Qu

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Shen Qu

Pharmaceutical Name: Massa Fermentata

English Name: Medicated Leaven

Literal Translation: Medicated Leaven

28

Mai Ya

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Mai Ya

Pharmaceutical Name: Fructus Hordei Vulgaris Germinantus

English Name: Barley Sprouts

Literal Translation: Barley Sprouts

29

Gu Ya

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Gu Ya

Pharmaceutical Name: Fructus Oryzae Sativae Germinantus

English Name: Sprouted Setaria

Literal Translation: Paddy Sprout

30

Lai Fu Zi

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Lai Fu Zi

Pharmaceutical Name: Semen Raphani Sativi

English Name: Radish Seed

Literal Translation: Radish Seed

31

Ji Nei Jin

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Ji Nei Jin

Pharmaceutical Name: Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli

English Name: Chicken Gizzard

Literal Translation: Chicken Internal Gold

32

Da Huang / Radix et Rhizoma Rhei

Temperature:

Properties:

Da Huang / Radix et Rhizoma Rhei

Temperature: Cold

Properties: Bitter

33

Da Huang / Radix et Rhizoma Rhei

Functions:

1. Vigorously drains downward and purges accumulation

2. Purges fire, clears heat and toxins. Fire evil rising to attack the upper jiao.

3. Drains fire and stops bleeding. Bleeding due to excess fire blazing thereby reckless movement of the blood.

4. Drains damp-heat and promotes diuresis. Addresses jaundice and lin syndrome due to damp-heat.

5. Clears heat and reduces fire toxicity.

6. Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis.

34

Da Huang / Radix et Rhizoma Rhei

Channels:

Da Huang / Radix et Rhizoma Rhei

Channels: Stomach, Large Intestine, Liver, Heart

35

Da Huang / Radix et Rhizoma Rhei

Special Characteristics:

Sheng (raw) Da Huang used for purging; Jiu (wine) Zhi (treated) Da Huang used for blood stasis syndrome; Da Huang Tan (charred) used for bleeding.

Often combined with other herbs to regulate qi.

36

Da Huang

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Da Huang

Pharmaceutical Name: Radix et Rhizoma Rhei

English Name: Rhubarb Root

Literal Translation: Big Yellow

37

Downward Draining Herbs (Category)

Description:

"Downward Draining" describes the action of the substances that eliminate pathogenic factors and conditions via purgative, laxative, or cathartic means.

38

Purgatives (Sub-Category)

Description:

Herbs that function to strongly induce defecation and eliminate constipation and accumulation of excess in the body.

Cold purgatives are bitter and cold, and treat accumulations of heat and fire in the body.