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Flashcards in HVIII - English Society Deck (20):
1

What was the reason for Henry VIII granting nobles land in certain areas?

So they could exert authority on his behalf there

2

Whose death in 1541 shows that the nobility were being brought more under the control of the Monarch?

Thomas Fiennes, for killing his neighbours servant

3

How many gentry families were there in 1540?

5000

4

How many knightly families were there in England in 1524

200

5

Why was the government fearful of commoners?

They were regularly involved in outbreaks of disorder which upset the good ordering of society

6

What law in 1536 changed the administration of Wales

The Law in Wales Act

7

What did the Law in Wales Act of 1536 achieve? [3]

Divided Wales into shires
Gave the shires direct representation in the House of Commons
Brought Wales under the same legal framework as England

8

Which palatinate in 1536 was under the jurisdiction of the bishop?

Durham

9

What council was set up to deal with the Welsh border and what did it do?

Council of Wales and the Marches
Offered cheap and local access to law

10

What was done to make it easier to police the Scottish border?

The area was split into 3 marches, each run by a warden.

11

Why were the wardens on the Scottish border difficult to appoint? [2]

- Local nobles may have exploited their office to gain power at the expense of the King
- complete outsiders may be rejected by the locals

12

Who was executed for denying the Royal supremacy after the break from Rome?

Sir Thomas More

13

What process did Cromwell start in 1536 and what did his first Royal injunctions attack?

The dissolution of the monasteries
Traditional values such as holy days and pilgrimages

14

Consequences of the religious unheaval [3]

- Land from the Church given to the King
- Educational and business functions of the monasteries lost
- Monks and nuns became unemployed

15

How many resistors did the Duke of Norfolk and Suffolk face over the Amicable Grant

4000

16

Where did the Lincolnshire risings take place?

Ripon, Wakefield, Pontefract and Durham

17

What were the religious motives for the Pilgrimage of Grace? [2]

The dissolution of the monasteries of which Robert Aske was a convinced supporter
Fear for the parish churches and traditional practices

18

What were other motives for the Pilgrimage of Grace? [3]

Resentment of taxation
The attempts to impose the Duke of Suffolk upon Lincolnshire
The declared illegitimacy of Mary, who was Catholic

19

How was the Pilgrimage of Grace suppressed?

The Duke of Norfolk was outnumbered at Doncaster so issued a pardon and promised that monasteries would be restored

20

How many rebels were hanged when the rebellion renewed in 1537

74