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Flashcards in HVIII - Foreign Relations Deck (32):
1

How did Ferdinand use Henry in 1512?

Henry sent an army to Southwest France under the Marquis of Dorset. Ferdinand used it as a diversion to claim Navarre

2

What two towns did Henry conquer in the Battle of the Spurs in 1513?

Therouanne and Tournai

3

Who invaded England in the Battle of Flodden in 1513 and who was killed?

Scotland, James IV

4

Nothing was achieved in military adventures in 1513 but what were the effects. [3]

Henry had to liquidate his fathers assets to pay for the wars
A new Yorkshire rebellion nearly kicked off
Tournai was sold back to France for less than it cost to repair

5

How did Wolsey recover the situation with France in 1514? [2]

Recovered the Treaty of Etaples
Arranged the marriage between Mary and Louis XII

6

What 3 things sum up foreign policy between 1514 and 1526?

- England was a minor power compared to France and Spain
- Henry overestimated English power
- Anglo-Scottish and Anglo-French relations were dependent due to the Auld alliance

7

What were the consequences of Henry running out of money by 1514? [2]

Couldn't exploit the weaknesses of Scotland after James IVs death
Had to make peace with the French

8

What treaty in 1516 left England isolated and who was it between?

The Treaty of Cambrai; France and Spain

9

How did Francis attempt to undermine Anglo-Scottish relations

Placed the Duke of Albany in Scotland, though he couldn't take advantage due to divisions in the Scottish nobility

10

Why was the Treaty of London in 1518 signed by all European monarchs

As a treaty of perpetual peace to form a united front against the Ottoman Turks

11

When was the Field of the Cloth of Gold

June 1520

12

How much did the Field of the Cloth of Gold cost Henry's treasury

£15,000

13

Why did Henry back Charles V in 1521 instead of Francis? [3]

Allowed him to improve relations with the Pope who wanted to reduce Frencch control of northern Italy
Believed he could gain French territory
Deal included a marriage between Mary and the Emperor

14

What happened in the Battle of Pavia in 1525?

The Emperors forces crushed the French

15

What were the effects of Wolseys trade embargo on Burgundy

Charles retaliation caused widespread unemployment and social problems in England

16

How did Charles ensure that Henry wouldn't solve his marital issues in 1529?

Peace of Cambrai that reinforced the Popes political dependence on Charles

17

Why was there no short term repercussions to Henry's break from Rome

Charles was preoccupied with dealing with the the threat posed by the Ottoman Turks

18

How was pressure on Henry reduced in 1536? [2]

Catherine and Anne's death opened up a potential alliance with the Emperor
Renewal of tensions between Charles and Francis reduced the threat they both posed to England

19

Why was pressure intensified on Henry in 1538? [2]

Francis and Charles made peace and agreed to cut all links with England
The Pope sent envoys to France and Scotland to rouse support for a Catholic Crusade against Henry

20

When did Henry VIII remove Kildare from his post and what was the effect?

1534, sparked a major rebellion led by Kildares son

21

How did Henry try to pacify Ireland in 1541

Made it a separate Kingdom, imposing English law and creating counties out of Gaelic lordships

22

Why was the relationship after 1534 with Ireland much more complicated

There was the added religious differences

23

When was the Battle of Solway Moss and James V's death?

1542

24

Who supported Henry's attempted marriage between Edward and Mary Queen of Scots

Earl of Arran

25

When and how where Edward and Mary Queen of Scots formally betrothed?

In 1543 through the Treaty of Greenwich

26

When the Scottish Parliament refused to ratify Edward and Mary's marriage, what did Henry do?

Sent the Earl of Herford to destroy Edinburgh and St Andrews

27

In 1544 Henry led a huge army to France with the aim of marching on (1) but only ended up capturing (2)

1 - Paris
2 - Boulogne

28

How did matters worsen with France in 1545? [3]

Francis sent troops to Scotland to threaten an invasion
The English were defeated at the Battle of Ancrum Moor
A separate French force went to the Isle of Wight

29

What had Henry been forced to do to fund the final war with France? [3]

Sell off much Crown land
Borrow huge amounts of money
Debase the coinage

30

Which child did the 1534 Succession Act declare illegitimate?

Mary

31

Which child did the 1536 Succession Act declare illegitimate?

Elizabeth

32

What did the 1543 Succession Act do?

Reinstated the legitimacy of Mary and Elizabeth