What was the name given to a group of professionals that grew in size and stature?
How many peers were there in England?
50 to 60
What was Bastard Feudalism?
Wealthy nobles recruiting knights and gentlemen to work for them in return for grants of land or office
Why did Henry dislike retaining
The noblemen could potentially use their retained men against the crown
When was legislation passed against retaining
1486 made MPs take an oath against illegal retaining
1487 retaining made illegal
How many knights were there in 1490
What did Martin V, Pope, declare?
That the English monarch had the right to govern the church in England rather than him
How did Henry use the power granted to him by the Pope?
Appointed as bishops only men who had legal training and administrative competence
What allowed for the emergence of Yeomen in the countryside?
The Black Death reduced demand which meant land was cheaper and crops became more expensive
When was the Yorkshire rebellion and what sparked it?
1489, caused by extraordinary revenue being raised to fund the campaign in Brittany
Who was killed in the Yorkshire Rebellion?
The Earl of Northumberland
What sparked the Cornish rebellion of 1497?
Extraordinary revenue to fund a campaign in Scotland
Why did the Cornish rebellion represent a threat to the power of Henry VII? 
- Over 15,000 people involved
- Perkin Warbeck attempted to exploit it
- The rebels got all the way to London from Cornwall without being stopped by nobles
How was the Cornish rebellion suppressed?
Lord Daubney was removed from the Scottish border to crush the rebellion, and its leaders, such as Lord Audley, were executed