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Flashcards in IFSTA, Essentials Deck (74):
0

What is the NFPA Standard for Firefighter Qualifications?

1001

1

Who founded the first successful fire insurance company in North America called the Philadelphia Contributor ship?

Benjamin Franklin

2

______________ means doing the right thing simply because it's right.

Integrity

3

___________ is always the highest priority in any emergency operation.

Life Safety

4

__________ means that you report to only one supervisor.

Unity of Command

5

___________ means that any officer can effectively supervise or manage only a certain number of individuals or groups.

Span of Control

6

What type of iron stands up well to fire and intense heat but it may crack or shatter when rapidly cooled with water?

Cast iron

7

Cracks and _______ in reinforced concrete surfaces are an indication that damage has occurred and that strength may be reduced.

Spalling

8

This type if construction requires that exterior walls and structural members be constructed of Noncombustible materials. While the interior wall, columns, beams and roofs are completely or partially constructed of wood.

Ordinary

9

What are the three most prevalent types of roof shaped that you will encounter?

Pitched, flat and arched

10

This type of wall is intended to provide separation that meets the requirements of a specified fire-resistance rating?

Fire wall

11

This gas is probably the most common product of combustion encountered in structure fires.

Carbon monoxide

12

______ is the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation of movement of a fluid (liquid or gas).

Convection

13

Liquids such as _______ are lighter than water and do not mix with water.

Hydrocarbon fuels

14

Atmosphere having less than ____ percent of oxygen in the air is considered oxygen deficient.

19.5

15

This type of ventilation is intentional and conducted by the fire department.

Tactical

16

In this stage of fire, the fires begins to influence the environment within the compartment and has grown large enough for the compartment configuration and amount of ventilation to influence it.

Growth

17

What is one possible and significant indicator of flashover?

Rollover

18

What is the ignition of accumulated flammable products of combustion and air that are within their flammable range?

Smoke explosion

19

Wind speeds as low as _____ mph can create wind-driven conditions.

10

20

This type of window has a large number of overlapping glass sections that swing outward.

Jolousie

21

Experience has shown that unprotected steel and wooden truss can fail _____ when exposed to fire.

5-10 minutes

22

In a fire scenario, as you advance into a truss roof building, you should check the ceiling every ____.

20 feet

23

______ is a byproduct of combustion that prevents the body from using oxygen on a cellular level.

Hydrogen Cyanide

24

Which of the following is the least able to conduct heat?

Wood

25

______ is the transfer of thermal energy by circulation or movement through liquid or gas.

Convection

26

The total amount of heat released per unit time is the ______.

Heat Release Rate

27

At ambient temperatures, materials can ignite and burn with oxygen concentrations as low as ______%.

14

28

Changes in _____ can alter flow path and create rapid fire development .

Ventilation

29

Flash over occurs when?

Between growth and fully developed stage

30

A planned and coordinated introduction of air and removal of hot gases and smoke.

Tactical ventilation

31

Flash overs usually occurs at a ceiling temperature around _____ degrees.

1100

32

Materials that are capable of being mixed in all proportions are _______.

Miscible

33

Pressure treated wood weakens wood’s load-carrying ability by what percentage?

25

34

Nonload-bearing walls made of glass and steel fixed to outside of building is...

Curtain wall

35

Reinforced concrete can lose its strength through...

Spalling

36

What type insulation is made of recycled newspaper, fire-retardant chemical and some acrylic binders?

Cellulose

37

What types of homes are generally exempt from local building codes?

Factory-built

38

Fire-resistance rating for noncombustible or limited combustible (type II) construction is...

1-2 hours

39

Roof, decking that has boards set with a small space between them is...

Skip sheathing

40

Roof, horizontal member that is between trusses is...

Purlin

41

What type roof obstruction prevents ice damming and icicle formation at eaves?

Cold

42

Quantity of water used can have a direct effect on an unstable structure; 250 gpm can put approximately how much added weight to a structure in one minute?

1 ton

43

A substance that changes from one type of matter into another is...

Chemical reaction

44

What energy can be stored by an object and release in the future?

Potential

45

Conversion of a solid fuel into a gas that is capable of supporting combustiion is...

Pyrolysis

46

What is comprised of gasses, vapors and solid particles?

Smoke

47

Type of gas that is colorless, toxic, flammable and an odor of bitter almonds is...

Hydrogen cyanide

48

Transfer of thermal energy is...

Heat flux

49

Weakest part of PPE system is...

Facepiece

50

Normal ambient temperature (ferinhieght) is...

68 degrees

51

How low percentage of oxygen can materials ignite and burn?

14

52

Total quantity of combustible contents of a building, space or fire area is...

Fuel load

53

These walls are built as an attractive surface layer laid over a base of common material.

Veneer

54

This material that are sheets of wood used for roof and floor decking, also know as Glulam.

Particle Board

55

Non combustible construction is know as Type ____ construction.

II

56

Structures that contain multiple use groups and must meet code requirements for each occupancy are...

Separated Use

57

A wall in a structure that is built to only support it's own weight.

Non Load Bearing Wall

58

Horizontal member between trusses that support a roof.

Purlins

59

Which of the following types stairs would meet code for a means of egress?

Protected stairs

60

_______ is the process of divining large jobs into small jobs to make them more manageable.

Division of Labor

61

______ is setting the limits or boundaries for expected performance and enforcing them.

Discipline

62

_______ provides a consistent nationwide template to enable all government, private sector and non-government organizations to work together during domestic incidents.

NIMS

63

Within the Incident Command System, ________ is a geographic designation assigning responsibility for all operations within a defined area.

Division

64

Within the Incident Command System, a _________ is the written or unwritten plan for managing the emergency.

Incident Action Plan

65

NFPA 1500 refers to the ________.

Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health

66

Federal OSHA regulations are contained in ________ of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).

29

67

A _______ is an established set of criteria by which tactical decisions can be made based on an assessment of the benefits to be gained compared to the risks involved.

Risk Management Plan

68

An ________ offers confidential assistance with problems that could adversely affect job performance.

Employee Assistance Program

69

NFPA _______ refers to the Standard on Live Fire Training Evolutions.

1403

70

Proper ______ reduces congestion and confusion by reducing the number of people in or near the emergency scene.

Scene management

71

When operating on a highway incident, at least ________ lane(s) to the incident should be closed.

One

72

_______ is vital in the event of a sudden and unexpected change in fire behavior or structural collapse.

Accountability

73

A/an _________ is considered any atmosphere that poses an immediate hazard to life or produces immediate irreversible, debilitating effects on health.

IDLH