III - Connective Tissue Flashcards Preview

Histology > III - Connective Tissue > Flashcards

Flashcards in III - Connective Tissue Deck (72)
1

Connective Tissue: Cells

fibroblasts, mast cells, plasma cells, adipocytes, monocytes, macrophages, leukocytes

2

Connective Tissue: Fibers

collagen, reticular, elastic

3

Connective Tissue: Ground Substance

glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), proteoglycans, multiadhesive glycoproteins

4

Connective Tissue: adipose

loose/areolar

5

Connective Tissue: palms, soles, buttocks

adipose (loose/areolar)

6

Connective Tissue: reticular

loose/areolar

7

Connective Tissue: liver, bone marrow, pancreas, adrenal glands, all lymphoid organs except thymus

reticular (loose/areolar)

8

Connective Tissue: dermis, submucosa of digestive tract, organ capsules

dense irregular

9

Connective Tissue: muscles, ligaments, tendon, aponeuroses, corneal stroma

dense regular

10

Specialized Connective Tissue

cartilage, bone, blood, lymph

11

Most abundant protein in the body

collagen

12

AA that appears in collagen at every third position in the alpha chain

glycine

13

Collagen: basal lamina

IV

14

Collagen: reticular fibers

III

15

Collagen: bone

I

16

Collagen: most cartilage

II

17

Collagen: tendon

I

18

Collagen: keloid

III

19

Collagen: granulation tissue

III

20

Collagen: old scar

I

21

Collagen: most ubiquitous, most abundant

I

22

Collagen: tunica media of blood vessels

III

23

Collagen: dermis

I

24

Collagen: fibrocartilage

I

25

Collagen: organic parts of bones and teeth

I

26

Collagen: hyaline cartilage (50% of all cartilage)

II

27

Collagen: elastic cartilage

II

28

Collagen: vitreous humour

II

29

Collagen: early part of wound healing

III

30

Collagen: visceral and hollow organs

III

31

Collagen: lens capsule

IV

32

Vitamin responsible for hydroxylation of collagen

vitamin C

33

Type I Collagen Deficiency

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

34

Type IV Collagen Deficiency

Alport's Syndrome

35

Differential for Alport's Syndrome

Goodpasture's Syndrome

36

Cartilage: smooth surface for easy movement

hyaline

37

Cartilage: bronchial tubes, larynx, costal cartilage, articular surfaces of bone

hyaline

38

Cartilage: support, flexibility, shape

elastic

39

Cartilage: auditory tube, external ear, epiglottis

elastic

40

Cartilage: shock absorber, deepens bone sockets

fibrocartilage

41

Cartilage: intervertebral disks, menisci of knees, around articular cavities, callus, pubic symphisis, portions of tendons

fibrocartilage

42

Cartilage: bluish-white, semi-transparent, type II collagen, aggrecan, chondrocytes

hyaline

43

Hyaline: Perichondrium is present except at

epiphyses, articular cartilage

44

Cartilage: similar to hyaline, yellowish, perichondrium

elastic

45

Cartilage: chondrocytes scattered among thick interlace of collagen fibers, no perichondrium

fibrocartilage

46

Cartilage: results from mitotic division of preexisting chondroblasts

interstitial growth

47

Cartilage: differentiation of new chondroblasts from the perichondrium

appositional growth

48

Cartilage: Ground Substance

chondroitin sulfate, keratan sulfate, chondronectin, chondrocalcin

49

Cartilage: Mineralization

none

50

Cartilage: Hydration

75%

51

Cartilage: Collagen

I - fibrocartilage, II - hyaline & elastic

52

Cartilage: Vascularity

avascular (nutrient diffusion)

53

Cartilage: Nerves

absent

54

Cartilage: Growth

interstitial, appositional

55

Cartilage: Repair

low

56

Cartilage: Mitosis

chondrogenic (chondroblasts, chondrocytes)

57

Cartilage: Gap Junction

none

58

Cartilage: Hormonal Influence

present

59

Cartilage: Vitamin Influence

none

60

Bone: Ground Substance

chondroitin sulfate, keratan sulfate, osteonectin, osteocalcin, osteoporin

61

Bone: Mineralization

hydroxyapatite, citrate, bicarbonate

62

Bone: Hydration

7%

63

Bone: Collagen

I - tensile strength

64

Bone: Vascularity

highly vascular

65

Bone: Nerves

present

66

Bone: Growth

intramembranous, endochondral

67

Bone: Repair

high

68

Bone: Mitosis

osteoprogenitor cells

69

Bone: Gap Junction

present

70

Bone: Hormonal Influence

present

71

Bone: Vitamin Influence

present

72

Avascular necrosis commonly affects

femoral head