XI - Digestive Tract Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in XI - Digestive Tract Deck (167)
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1

Tongue Papillae: thin, long, "V"-shaped cones, increased keratinization

filliform

2

Tongue Papillae: most abundant, no taste buds, no gustatory function, mechanical

filliform

3

Tongue Papillae: mushroom-shaped, lightly keratinized, interspersed among filliform papillae

fungiform

4

Tongue Papillae: mostly at the apex and sides of the tongue, innervated by the facial nerve

fungiform

5

Tongue Papillae: 8-12 in number, largest, near sulcus terminalis

circumvallate

6

Tongue Papillae: associated with salivary (Von Ebner's) glands and taste buds, innervated by CN IX

circumvallate

7

Tongue Papillae: ridges and grooves towards the posterior part of the roof of the mouth on lateral margins

foliate

8

Tongue Papillae: innervated by facial nerve (anterior papillae) and glossopharyngeal nerve (posterior papillae), rudimentary in humans

foliate

9

Epithelial cells of the tongue

stratified squamous

10

Tongue Innervation: anterior 2/3 - somatic

CN V (Trigeminal)

11

Tongue Innervation: taste

CN VII (Facial)

12

Tongue Innervation: posterior 1/3 - somatic and taste

CN IX (Glossopharyngeal)

13

Tongue Innervation: motor

CN XII (Hypoglossal)

14

Only muscle of the tongue not innervated by the hypoglossal (XII) nerve

palatoglossus (CN X - Vagus)

15

Parotid Gland: Secretion

serous, α-amylase, proline-rich proteins

16

Parotid Gland: Type

branched acinar

17

Parotid Gland: Innervation

CN IX (Glossopharyngeal)

18

Submandibular Gland: Secretion

serous > mucous, produces 2/3 of saliva, α-amylase, proline-rich proteins, other enzymes

19

Submandibular Gland: Type

branched tubuloacinar with serous demilunes

20

Submandibular Gland: Innervation

CN VII (Facial)

21

Sublingual Gland: Secretion

mucous > serous, mucin, amylase, lysozyme

22

Sublingual Gland: Type

branched tubuloacinar

23

Sublingual Gland: Innervation

CN VII (Facial)

24

70% of saliva is produced by

submandibular gland

25

Salivary gland associated with circumvallate papillae of the tongue

Von Ebner's

26

Layer missing in the esophagus

serosa

27

Cells characteristic of Barrett's Esophagus

goblet cells

28

Partial tear of the esophagus

Mallory-Weiss Tear

29

Full thickness tear of the esophagus, surgical emergency

Boerhaave's Syndrome

30

Treatment for GERD

Nissen's Fundoplication