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Flashcards in Insulin Administration Deck (14)
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1

what is the most common route of insulin injection

subcutaneous

2

what are the main sites of subcutaneous insulin injection

abdomen, upper outer arm, upper outer thigh, some in buttock at home

3

what are the key principles of subcutaneous insulin injection

rotation of injection site with each injection, using same general location at same time of day, changing insulin needle of pen for each injection

4

describe the problem that can arise from subcutaneous insulin injections

lipohypertrophy can occur at site if used too much, insulin absorption in this area will be poor and must be avoided or can lead to hypo or hyperglycaemia

5

what layer of tissue must subcutaenous insulin be injected into

subcutaneous fatty tissue, NOT muscle and NOT too superficial

6

how does the range of insulin needle sizes range

different for different patients, between 4 and 8 mm

7

how does oedema affect subcutaneous insulin injections

avoid injecting into oedematous areas as will cause delayed action

8

what conc. is the vast majority of insulin administered in the ward

100 units per ml

9

what different devices can be used to administer insulin

insulin syringe, disposable pens, reusable cartridge pens, insulin pump therapy(used for continuous insulin treatment)

10

what device is used by healthcare professionals to administer subcutaneous insulin

insulin safety syringe + vial of insulin, OR safety pen needle

11

describe the relevance of blood glucose when administering subcutaneous insulin

monitor using quality controlled hospital meter and review results daily

12

where should insulin prescription be recorded

in both drug prescription chart and separate insulin prescription chart

13

what different aspects of insulin prescription should be recorded

which insulin, when given, to what effect, blood glucose levels

14

when should fast acting insulin be prescribed

after meal times