Integumentary System: Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Integumentary System: Chapter 5 Deck (65)
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1

Integument (Integumentary)

The skin
-largest organ in the body

2

Accessory Organs

hair, nails, sweat and oil glands

3

The Integumentary System

composed of accessory organs and the skin
-skin protects the body and allows us sensation of touch

4

Nerve Fibers

beneath the skin's surface provide sensations of temperature

5

The skin protects against?

dehydration, regulated body temperature, and protects against ultraviolet rays

6

What does the skin synthesize?

vitamin D

7

The skin consists of how many layers?

Two
-epidermis
-dermis
-the subcutaneous layer binds the skin to the underlying tissues

8

The Subcutaneous layer Of Tissue

binds the dermis to underlying structures, stores fats, insulates and cushions the body, and regulates temperature.

9

Melanocytes

produce melanin (black pigment), protect the skin from sun damage
-in the basal layer

10

The Sebaceous Glands

produce oil
-accessory organ

11

Sensations Provided by the Skin

provides nerve endings that sense heat, cold, pressure and touch

12

cutane/o, derm/o, dermat/o

skin

13

seb/o

sebum, sebaceous

14

pil/o, trich/o

hair

15

sudor/o, hidr/o

sweat

16

Hyperhidrosis

abnormally excessive sweating that's not necessarily related to higher temperatures or exercise

17

Sudoriferous glands

produce sweat

18

myc/o

fungus

19

erythem/o, erythemat/o, erythr/o

red

20

adip/o, lip/o, steat/o

fat

21

neur/o

nerve

22

arteriol/o

arteriole

23

ichthy/o

dry, scaly

24

Ichthyosis

family of genetic skin disorders characterized by dry, scaling skin that may thickened or very thin

25

kerat/o

horny tissue; hard; cornea

26

xer/o, ichthy/o

dry

27

scler/o

hardening; sclera (white of eye)

28

Xerosis

abnormally dry skin

29

Scleroderma

group of rare diseases that involve the hardening and tightening of the skin and connective tissue (the fibers that provide the framework and support for your body)

30

Onych-

nail