Word Root: Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Word Root: Chapter 3 Deck (39)
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1

Prefix

Word element placed at the beginning of the word
-indicates size, quantity, position of, and location
-changes the meaning of the word or word root
-not contained in all medical terms

2

Prefixes of position

describes a place or location
ex: epi, inter, pre, post, sub

3

epi

above, upon

ex: epidermis- upon the skin
derm- skin
-is- noun ending

4

inter

between

ex: intercostal- pertaining to between the ribs
cost- ribs
al- pertaining to

5

pre

before

ex: preterm- before term labor

6

post

after

ex: postterm- after term labor

7

sub, infra

under, below

ex: subcutaneous- pertaining to under the skin
cutane- skin
-ous- pertaining to
(submarine is under water)

8

Prefixes of number and measurement

describe an amount, size, or degree of involvement
ex: poly, macro, micro, quadri, tri

9

poly

multi, much

ex: polyphobia- fear of many things
phobia- fear

10

macro

large

ex: macrocyte- large cell

11

micro

small

ex: microscope- instrument for examining small objects
scope- instrument for examining

12

quadri

four

ex: quadriplegia
plegia- paralysis

13

tri

three

ex: triceps- a muscle with three heads or three parts of origin
ceps- head

14

bi

two

15

primi

first

16

hemi, semi

one-half

17

nulli

none

18

di-, dipl-, diplo-

double

19

mono-, uni-

one

20

multi-, poly-

many, much

21

super-

upper, above

22

ab-

from, away from

ex: abduction

23

ad-

toward

ex: adduction (adding to it)

24

supra-

above; excessive; superior

25

circum-, peri-

around

26

dia-, trans-

through, across

27

endo-, intra-

in, within

28

ecto-, exo-, extra-

outside, outward

29

brady-

slow

30

tachy-

rapid