Word Root: Chapter 1 + 2 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terms > Word Root: Chapter 1 + 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Word Root: Chapter 1 + 2 Deck (59)
Loading flashcards...
1

Word Root

Foundation of the word that contain its main meaning

2

What language(s) is word root derived from?

Latin and Greek

3

What is it called when the word root is combined with a vowel?

Combined Form
ex: megaly combined to gastr
gastr/o /megaly= gastromegaly

4

Suffix

condition, therapeutic or diagnostic procedure; "what are you doing to it"
denotes singular or plural form of the word

5

Where is the suffix?

At the end of the word

6

-Itis

Inflammation (suffix)

7

-megaly

Enlargement (suffix)

8

-oma

Tumor (suffix)

9

-cyte

cell (suffix)

10

Prefix

indicating a number, time, position, measurement, or direction; "tells you where it is"
ex: PRE/natal- period before birth
POST/natal- period after birth

11

Where is the prefix?

Placed at the beginning of the word

12

Hyper

Excessive, or above normal (prefix)

13

Hypo

Below, or less than (prefix)

14

The steps to defining medical terms?

1. Define the suffix (last part of word)
2. Define the prefix (first part of the word)
3. Define the middle part of the word
last things first, first things second, middle at the end

15

The most used vowel for the combining form?

"o" (enables two or more word elements to be connected)

16

Type of Suffix:
Surgical

describes a type of invasive procedure performed on the body part
ex: append/ ectomy
arthr/o/ centesis
lith/o/ tripsy

17

-ectomy

removal; excision (surgical suffix)

ex: append/ectomy- surgical removal of appendix

18

-centesis

surgical puncture (surgical suffix)

ex: arthr/o/ centesis- surgical puncture of the joint

19

-tripsy

crushing (surgical suffix)

ex: lith/o/ tripsy- crushing a stone

20

-lysis

destruction, separation, loosening (surgical suffix)

ex: thromb/o/ lysis- destruction or separation of a blood clot

21

-clasis

surgical fracture; to break (surgical suffix)

ex: oste/o/ clasis- surgical fracture of a bone performed to correct a deformity

22

-pexy

fixation of an organ (surgical suffix)

ex: mast/o/ pexy- fixation of the breasts

23

-rrhaphy

suture (surgical suffix)

ex: my/o/ rrhaphy- suture of a muscle

24

-plasty

surgical repair (surgical suffix)

ex: rhin/o/ plasty- surgical repair of the nose

25

-stomy

forming an opening (mouth) (surgical suffix)

ex: trache/o/ stomy- windpipe

26

-desis

fixation of bone or joint; binding (surgical suffix)

ex: arthr/o/ desis- fusion of bones in an unstable joint

27

-tome

instrument to cut (surgical suffix)

ex: oste/o/ tome- instrument to cut bone

28

-tomy

incision (surgical suffix)

ex: trache/o/ tomy- incision of the trachea

29

Diagnostic Suffixes

Denote a procedure or test performed to identify
the cause and nature of an illness
ex: electr/o/cardio/gram
gastr/o/ scopy
encephal/o/ graphy

30

-scope

instrument for examining (diagnostic suffix)

ex: endoscope