Flashcards in Word Root: Chapter 1 + 2 Deck (59)
Foundation of the word that contain its main meaning
What language(s) is word root derived from?
Latin and Greek
What is it called when the word root is combined with a vowel?
ex: megaly combined to gastr
gastr/o /megaly= gastromegaly
condition, therapeutic or diagnostic procedure; "what are you doing to it"
denotes singular or plural form of the word
Where is the suffix?
At the end of the word
indicating a number, time, position, measurement, or direction; "tells you where it is"
ex: PRE/natal- period before birth
POST/natal- period after birth
Where is the prefix?
Placed at the beginning of the word
Excessive, or above normal (prefix)
Below, or less than (prefix)
The steps to defining medical terms?
1. Define the suffix (last part of word)
2. Define the prefix (first part of the word)
3. Define the middle part of the word
last things first, first things second, middle at the end
The most used vowel for the combining form?
"o" (enables two or more word elements to be connected)
Type of Suffix:
describes a type of invasive procedure performed on the body part
ex: append/ ectomy
removal; excision (surgical suffix)
ex: append/ectomy- surgical removal of appendix
surgical puncture (surgical suffix)
ex: arthr/o/ centesis- surgical puncture of the joint
crushing (surgical suffix)
ex: lith/o/ tripsy- crushing a stone
destruction, separation, loosening (surgical suffix)
ex: thromb/o/ lysis- destruction or separation of a blood clot
surgical fracture; to break (surgical suffix)
ex: oste/o/ clasis- surgical fracture of a bone performed to correct a deformity
fixation of an organ (surgical suffix)
ex: mast/o/ pexy- fixation of the breasts
suture (surgical suffix)
ex: my/o/ rrhaphy- suture of a muscle
surgical repair (surgical suffix)
ex: rhin/o/ plasty- surgical repair of the nose
forming an opening (mouth) (surgical suffix)
ex: trache/o/ stomy- windpipe
fixation of bone or joint; binding (surgical suffix)
ex: arthr/o/ desis- fusion of bones in an unstable joint
instrument to cut (surgical suffix)
ex: oste/o/ tome- instrument to cut bone
incision (surgical suffix)
ex: trache/o/ tomy- incision of the trachea
Denote a procedure or test performed to identify
the cause and nature of an illness