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Flashcards in Intro Study guide Deck (16):
1

macros

contain energy
-fat, protein, carbs
-usually required in gram amounts

2

micros

-vitamins and minerals
-trace elements are included in minerals
-consumed in miligrams

3

conditionally essential nutrients

-becomes essential due to alterations in requirements
-or loss induced by illness, treatment of illness, or restrictive diets

4

food records

-diaries kept by patients
-best clinical method for assessment because it not only gives what they eat but also why

5

recalls

-patient is asked to recall what was eaten in the last 2 hours

6

FFQ's food frequency questionnaires

-how often foods were consumed over long time (months to a year)
-more accurate for micronutrient intake than energy intake
-used for research

7

biomarkers

-fatty acid composition of the cell membrane

8

appearance and disappearance

data for food supply

9

what are the two national surveys used to assess intake, body weight, and nutrition related outcomes

-national health and nutrition examination surveys (NHANES)
-behavioral risk factor surveillance system (BRFSS)

10

national health and nutrition examination surveys NHANES

-conducted in person

11

behavioral risk factor surveillance survey BRFSS

conducted by phone
-some data is validated but there may be some self report bias to consider since it is not in person
-not as reliable as the NHANES

12

what are the two national systems for dietary guidance

-dietary reference intake
-dietary guidelines for americans

13

dietary reference intake

-provide recommendations for intake of specific nutrients and water
-shown as either the recommended dietary allowance RDA or the adequate intake AI

14

RDA vs AI

-RDA represents stronger scientific evidence than does AI
-RDA is the amount that has been estimated to maintain sufficiency in 97-98% of the population

15

dietary guidelines for americans

-advice to promote health, prevent disease, and serves as the basis for federal food assistance programs such as assistance to women, infants, and children (WIC)

16

what is the main message of the 2010 DGA

-reduce overweight and obesity by reducing calorie intake and increase activity
-shift to more plant based diet
-more whole and less refined grain
-more seafood
-reduce sodium, solid fats, ad added sugars
-meet 2008 physical activity guidelines for america