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Flashcards in Nutrition assessment study guide Deck (27):
1

what is nutrition assessment

-method used to identify individuals at risk for or with existing malnutrition

2

what can trigger a NA

-nutrition screen
-NA is a much more thorough evaluation of dietary habits and medical history

3

what is included in an NA

ABCDEF
-anthropometry
-biochemistry
-clinical
-dietary
-energy intake/exercise/functional status

4

anthropometry

-height
-weight
-BMI
-body comp

5

biochemistry of NA

-lab assessment
-blood and urine analysis

6

clinical NA

-medical history
-medications
-therapies
-physical exam

7

dietary NA

-comprehensive review of current and past intake patterns
-barriers to eating

8

energy intake/exercise/functional status

evaluation of current and past functional status and current exercise levels and how these relate to energy intake

9

how to describe whole body comp

-height
-weight

10

how is height best measure

-standing using a stadiometer

11

recommended surrgoates of height measurement

-recalled height
-supine length
-knee height or arm span

12

why is height lost throughout life

-loss of vertebral bone and intervertebral discs

13

BMI
-underweight
-normal
-overweight
-obesity
-morbidly obese
-extreme obesity

or equal to 40

14

calculating BMI

weight in Kg over height in m

15

what is BMI correlated with?

body fat as well as fat free mass and morbidity and mortality

16

how could BMI be confounded

-abnormal amounts of body water or by muscle mass

17

the relationship between BMI and body fat varies betweem

-age
-gender
-race

18

what is the most common assessment of central obesity

-measurement of waist circumference at the level of the iliac crest

19

what does a central distribution of body fat increase the risk for?

-diabetes
-hypertension
-dyslipidemia
-heart disease
-mortality

20

most common two compartment body composition variables of interest are

fat mass and fat free mass

21

FFM

-represents all body tissues that are not fat
-muscle, viscera, bone, water

22

dual energy x ray absorptiometry

-assesses bone mineral
-used in clinical practice

23

what can the measurement of skin fold thickness and circumference be used for?

-combined to estimate FFM and FM, which on occasion is done in clinical practice
-no ranges have been developed to demonstrate healthy or non healthy

24

what can give good insight into a patients usual dietary intake and patterns

-food records and recalls

25

what can help to identify risk of acute malnutrition

-recent intake

26

what can be helpful in optimizing nutrition stats

-determining causes of excess or inadequate intake

27

internal and eternal factors of poor diet

-physiologic barriers to food intake
-substance abuse
-social and cultural factors
-food security