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Flashcards in Obesity Study Guide Deck (13):
1

medical issues that add to weight gain

-medications
endocrine issues such as hypothyroidism and bushings disease
-smoking cessation
-injuries
-genetics

2

what weight change often helps decrease risk of morbidity

-a decrease in 5-10% of original weight
-this is also the average amount of weight lost by nonsurgical means

3

weight loss with low cal diet

-5 to 10%

4

wight loss of very low cal diet

-15%

5

weight loss due to exercise without diet change

-1-2% and when added to diet change is adds this much to the decrease

6

weight loss via medication

-3-5% on top of diet and exercise

7

weight loss due to bariatric surgery

-15-35% of initial weight depending on the surgical procedure
-20-25% for banding and bypass respectively

8

strategies that may help maintain adherence with a diet

-increased protein and/or fiber
-reduced energy density
-meal replacement (use of commercial meal replacements or prepared meals narrows possible food choices and decreases need for shopping

9

what is one of the most important predictors of weight maintenance after loss

-exercise

10

who are medications considered for?

-people who do not meet weight loss goals
-BMI over 30 or over 27 with weight related conditions such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, sleep apnea, or heart disease

11

two mechanisms by which weight loss medications work

-CNS agents suppress appetite or increase satiety
-intestinal lipase inhibitors lead to excretion of dietary fat

12

who is surgery considered for?
-what the greatest benefit of surgery

-people with a BMI over 40 or over 35 with weight related comorbidities
-this is the only option that has shown long term weight loss, long term improved weight related comorbidities in morbidly obese people

13

what are the mechanism by which weight loss surgeries work?

-gastric restriction
-malabsorption