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Flashcards in Intro to Dev (1) Deck (19):
1

What is continuous development?

It is gradual progression that has quantitative changes.

2

What is discontinuous development?

Alternating rates of rapid and slow progression that has qualitative changes.

3

What does the nature debate state?

That human attributes are determined by heredity.

4

What does the nurture debate state?

That human attributes can be modified through care giving experiences.

5

According to the nature debate, development is largely a product of?

genetic inheritance

6

According to the nurture debate, development is largely a product of?

environmental changes

7

In order for development to occur there needs to an interaction between?

nature and nurture

8

Language is a?

communication system that sets people apart from other animals

9

Behaviorism states development is?

caused by environmental influences

10

Nativism states psychological abilities are?

the product of genetic inheritance

11

The ethological approach emphasizes that?

evolutionary origins of behaviours that are important for survival

12

Constructivism states?

Knowledge is actively generated by the individual

13

According to Skinner's view on behaviorism, what drives development of behavior?

Reward and punishment, which act as reinforcement

14

According to Chomsky's view on nativism, how do humans acquire language?

Language Acquisition Device (LAD)

15

How is the LAD implemented in humans?

biologically programmed to acquire language

16

According to Chomsky what is deep structure?

Innate grammatical structuring that is universal among humans

17

What are the 5 psychosexual stages of development?

Oral
Anal
Phallic
Latency
Gentinal

18

What is the main assumption of Piaget's theory of Cognitive Development?

Children pass through a series of stages before adulthood.

19

In Piaget's theory of cognitive development, what is the main change with each successive stage?

Reduction in egocentrism results in a better adjustment to the environment.