Intro to Dev (9) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Intro to Dev (9) Deck (19):
1

What is moral development?

Age-related thoughts, feelings and behaviours regarding rules, principles, and values that guide what people should do

2

What is Piaget's theory of moral reasoning?

Below 7 years of age = moral realist
Above 7 years of age = moral subjectivist

3

What is a moral realist?

judges moral acts according to the physical consequences of the act

4

What is a moral subjectivist?

judges moral acts according to the intention behind the act

5

What are the 3 levels of Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning?

1. Pre-conventional morality
2. Conventional morality
3. Post-conventional morality

6

According to Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning, what does preconventional morality refer to?

Right and wrong is determined by reward and punishment

7

According to Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning, what is preconventional morality split into?

Stage 1: Whatever leads to punishment is wrong
Stage 2: Correct behavior is behavior that is rewarded

8

According to Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning, what does conventional morality refer to?

Views of others matter, acts done to avoid blame and seek approval of others

9

According to Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning, what is conventional morality split into?

Stage 3: Behave in ways that conform to socially accepted behavior
Stage 4: Obedience in order to fulfill 'ones duty'

10

According to Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning, what does post-conventional morality refer to?

Abstract idea of justice, rights of other people can override obedience to the law

11

According to Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning, what is post-conventional morality split into?

Stage 5: Discover there are differences between moral and legal notions of good
Stage 6: Individual principles of conscience govern right and wrong

12

4 weaknesses of Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning?

1. Focused on adult dilemmas
2. Need's verbal reasoning ability
3. Gender biased to males
4. Biased towards western philosophy.

13

What is the feel good principle?

morality that says an act is justifiable if it yielded positive benefits for the person carrying out the act

14

According to Haidt and Joseph (2007) what are the 5 foundations of morality?

1. Harm and care
2. Fairness and reciprocity
3. In-group Loyalty
4. Authority and respect
5. Purity and Sanctity

15

According to Haidt and Joseph (2007), what does 'harm and care' refer to?

Protect and care for kin

16

According to Haidt and Joseph (2007), what does 'fairness and reciprocity' refer to?

Benefits out of interactions with non kin

17

According to Haidt and Joseph (2007), what does 'In-group loyalty' refer to?

Benefits from cooperating with the group

18

According to Haidt and Joseph (2007), what does 'authority and respect' refer to?

Negotiating the hierarchy

19

According to Haidt and Joseph (2007), what does 'purity and sanctity' refer to?

Avoid microbes and parasites