Flashcards in Intro to Dev (3) Deck (21):
What are the 4 stages of Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development?
3. Concrete Operational
4. Formal Operational
What age range does the Sensorimotor stage take place form?
What age range does the Preoperational stage take place form?
What age range does the Concrete Operational stage take place from?
What age range does the Formal Operational stage take place from?
12 years and above
What is the main state of infants in the Sensorimotor stage?
Solipsism - where they do not distinguish between themselves and the surroundings
In the Sensorimotor stage what is cognition primarily based on?
physical interactions with the world
What is the main progression in the Preoperational stage?
Symbolic thinking is used, e.g language and pretend play
What is the main drawback in the Preoperational stage?
Egocentrism - prevents the child seeing things from somebody else’s POV
What does a child lack in the Preoperational stage?
Lack of conservation
What is a lack of conservation?
Failure to understand that changing an object’s appearance does not change its basic attributes or properties
What is centration?
focuses on only one aspect of the situation
What is the purpose of mental schemes?
guides action or allows us to work through a problem in a principled way
What is meant by object permanence?
Understanding that objects continue to exist when no longer detectable through the senses.
What are the mechanisms of cognitive development?
Equilibration - motivational process that compels us to strive for logical consistency.
What is meant by assimilation in the equilibration process?
Applying existing schemes to new experiences
What is meant by accommodation in the equilibration process?
Modifying existing schemes to incorporate or adapt to new experiences
What is meant by operational intelligence?
Process of solving a problem by working through logical principles.
What is operational intelligence needed for?
Needed to progress past egocentrism
What is the meaning of decenter?
Broaden attention of various facets of a problem