Intro to Dev (10) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Intro to Dev (10) Deck (31):
1

What is aggression?

Behavior that intentionally harms other people by inflicting pain

2

What is hostile aggression?

violent attitudes or actions that are done to harm another just for the sake of it

3

What is instrumental aggression?

Aggression that is a means to achieve an end

4

What is reactive aggression?

fear-based and impulsive aggression 

5

What is relational aggression?

harm others through deliberate manipulation of their social standing

6

3 biological factors before birth that affect aggression?

Genetic predisposition
Prenatal problems
Difficult temperament

7

3 biological factors after birth that affect aggression?

Psychophysioloigcal response to conflict
Hormone levels
Neurological deficits

8

4 parenting factors that can affect aggression?

Inconsistency
Coerciveness
Abuse
Poor monitoring

9

3 peer factors that affect aggression?

Rejection
Deviancy
Gangs

10

4 sociocultural factors that affect aggression?

Poverty
Exposure to TV violence
High Risk Neighborhood
Poor schooling

11

2 sociocognitive beliefs that affect aggression?

Believe aggression is a social norm
Believe aggression yields rewards

12

Main idea of Bandura's social learning theory?

children learn by observing and imitating others

13

4 mediational processes of Bandura's social learning theory?

Attention
Retention
Reproduction
Motivation

14

What is the mediational process of attention?

Seeing the behavior performed and noting the result

15

What is the mediational process of retention?

Rehearsal of the events that were seen

16

What is the mediational process of reproduction?

Thinking about whether they are physically capable of carrying out the desired behavior or not.

17

What is the mediational process of motivation?

Thinking about whether the incentives of the behavior are worth carry it out or not

18

Liebert and Baron (1972) found that children who watched violent TV were?

more aggressive in play sessions

19

Thomas et al (1977) found that children who watched violent TV became?

indifferent to observing violence in others

20

Anderson and Bushman (2001) found that violent video games are related to?

Increased aggression in children and adolescents as well as a decrease in prosocial behavior.

21

Funk et al (2004) found that violent video games are related to?

lower empathy and higher levels of violent attitudes.

22

What factor affects how much media influences antisocial behavior?

identification in the aggressive characters

23

What 2 processes cause a desensitization of violence?

1. Imitation
2. Arousal of aggressive cognitions

24

What is the sensitive period?

period where certain types of learning readily takes place.

25

What ages does Eron suggest that the sensitive period for aggression is?

8-12

26

What is Freud's main view on how violence is reduced?

Catharsis

27

What is catharsis?

Process where violent tendencies are vented in a harmless manner

28

What is an example of catharsis?

Watching violent sport or playing violent video games

29

What is Freud's main theory on how aggression is displayed in humans?

Thanatos

30

What is Thanatos?

Death instinct all people are born with

31

What is Thanatos responsible for?

Responsible for aggression on an individual and a societal level