Flashcards in Intro to Dev (10) Deck (31):
What is aggression?
Behavior that intentionally harms other people by inflicting pain
What is hostile aggression?
violent attitudes or actions that are done to harm another just for the sake of it
What is instrumental aggression?
Aggression that is a means to achieve an end
What is reactive aggression?
fear-based and impulsive aggression
What is relational aggression?
harm others through deliberate manipulation of their social standing
3 biological factors before birth that affect aggression?
3 biological factors after birth that affect aggression?
Psychophysioloigcal response to conflict
4 parenting factors that can affect aggression?
3 peer factors that affect aggression?
4 sociocultural factors that affect aggression?
Exposure to TV violence
High Risk Neighborhood
2 sociocognitive beliefs that affect aggression?
Believe aggression is a social norm
Believe aggression yields rewards
Main idea of Bandura's social learning theory?
children learn by observing and imitating others
4 mediational processes of Bandura's social learning theory?
What is the mediational process of attention?
Seeing the behavior performed and noting the result
What is the mediational process of retention?
Rehearsal of the events that were seen
What is the mediational process of reproduction?
Thinking about whether they are physically capable of carrying out the desired behavior or not.
What is the mediational process of motivation?
Thinking about whether the incentives of the behavior are worth carry it out or not
Liebert and Baron (1972) found that children who watched violent TV were?
more aggressive in play sessions
Thomas et al (1977) found that children who watched violent TV became?
indifferent to observing violence in others
Anderson and Bushman (2001) found that violent video games are related to?
Increased aggression in children and adolescents as well as a decrease in prosocial behavior.
Funk et al (2004) found that violent video games are related to?
lower empathy and higher levels of violent attitudes.
What factor affects how much media influences antisocial behavior?
identification in the aggressive characters
What 2 processes cause a desensitization of violence?
2. Arousal of aggressive cognitions
What is the sensitive period?
period where certain types of learning readily takes place.
What ages does Eron suggest that the sensitive period for aggression is?
What is Freud's main view on how violence is reduced?
What is catharsis?
Process where violent tendencies are vented in a harmless manner
What is an example of catharsis?
Watching violent sport or playing violent video games
What is Freud's main theory on how aggression is displayed in humans?
What is Thanatos?
Death instinct all people are born with