Intro to Dev (7) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Intro to Dev (7) Deck (17):
1

What is intelligence?

Hypothetical mental ability that enables people to direct their thinking.

2

Is intelligence inferred or observed directly?

inferred

3

What is meant by 'general intelligence'?

Influences all cognitive functioning

4

What is meant by 'fluid intelligence'?

Ability in non verbal tasks, measures pure element of cognitive performance.

5

What is meant by 'crystallized intelligence'?

Ability to do well in verbal tasks, measures previous knowledge.

6

What biological variables can affect intelligence?

Nutrition
Prenatal Factors

7

What family environment variables can affect intelligence?

Family size
Birth order
Socioeconomic factors

8

What education variables can affect intelligence?

Length of schooling
Level of schooling
Quality of schooling

9

What is the Flynn effect?

The systematic increase in IQ scores observed over the 20th century

10

What is Binet's view on what intelligence scores assess?

current ability in certain areas

11

What is Binet's view on what intelligence scores should be used for?

to help children's weak areas in academia

12

What were early IQ tests used for in the US?

separate those who were and weren't able to benefit from education and the army

13

What was Terman's equation for intelligence?

(mental age/chronological age) x 100, inherited intelligence

14

How did Wechsler change the nature of IQ tests?

Added non verbal element as well

15

What was the Wechsler Intelligence Scale?

split into a verbal and a performance component which are combined to give a full- scale IQ

16

What is the Stanford–Binet test?

Modern version of the first IQ tests, Tests verbal and non verbal

17

What is the Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices?

Non-verbal intelligence test requiring reasoning on shapes and patterns