Flashcards in Intro to Foodborne Disease Deck (27):
What is a major cause of malnutrition in infants and young children?
Most cases of foodborne disease are
What does the number and severity of cases depend on?
Type of microbe
Effectiveness of processing methods to reduce microbes
Handling of food on the consumer/cooking end
Disease, usually either infectious or toxic in nature, caused by agents that enter the body through the ingestion of food
Foodborne illness outbreak
The occurrence of two or more cases of a similar illness resulting from the ingestion of a common food
A biological, chemical or physical (Foreign object) property that may cause an unacceptable health risk to the consumer
What are examples of physical hazards?
Broken pieces of machinery
What are examples of toxins?
Biological, chemical or heavy metals
What are the top 5 pathogens causing domestically acquired foodborne illness
What are the four steps of the food production chain?
What does Production include?
Growing or raising
Caught or harvested from the wild
What does distribution include?
Getting food from processor to consumer or food service facility
What does Food Safety include?
Making sure food is safe
Prevent hazards from entering the food chain
Remove hazard containing food
Inactivate, neutralize or reduce hazards
All other attributes that affect a products value
What is included in on Farm Food Safety?
Herd/Flock Health Programs
Biosecurity, feed security
Appropriate antimicrobial Use
Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC)
Inter government body that coordinates food standards at the international level
Main objectives are to protect the health of consumers and ensure fair practices in food trade
What are the 5 National Food Control Components?
Food law and Regulation
Food Control Management
Lab Services: Food Monitoring and Epidemiological Data
Information, Education, Communication, and Training
Food Law and Regulations
Conisits of legal definitions of unsafe food and the prescription of enforcement tools for removing unsafe food from commerce and punishing responsible parties
What are the 2 primary federal inspection services?
Who are the US Federal agencies involved with Food safety?
National Marine Fisheries Service
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
What does the USDA regulate?
Products containing meat and poultry
Safety of egg products and IMPORTED shell eggs
Foods, Safe, wholesome, and correctly labeled
What does the FDA regulate?
Shell egg safety
Seafood (except catfish)
When does the USDA Inspect food?
before it is sold
Inspects plants yearly
When does the FDA inspect?
when there is a problem
Does not inspect plants yearly
What kind of recalls does the USDA have?
What kind of recalls does the FDA have?