Flashcards in Respiratory Diseases Deck (36):
What are the primary long term reservoirs for Francisella tularensis?
How is Francisella tularensis transmitted?
Sheep: Tick borne
Cats: eating infected rodents
People: ticks or direct contact with animal/carcasses
What is the primary cycle for Y. pestis?
How are people infected with Y. pestis?
Infected flea bite
directly from infected animal blood or abscesses
What are the clinical signs of Y. pestis in cats?
How do you prevent infection of people from cats?
Isolation of cats
Vet Staff PPE
How are herbivores infected with Bacillus anthracis?
Ingest spores in soil while grazing
inhalation of spores
How are carnivores infected with Bacillus anthracis?
eat infected herbivores
inhalation of spores
How are veterinarians infected with Bacillus anthracis?
percutaneous exposure to blood
What are the clinical signs of Bacillus anthracis?
Necrotic eschar at the point of entry
What is the reservoir for Hantavirus?
What is the transmission for Hantavirus?
Aerosol - Inhalation of viruses in urine or feces
What are the clinical signs of Hantavirus in humans?
What is the clinical signs of "Old World" Hantavirus?
What are the risk factors for humans for hantavirus?
working with rodents or rodent habitats
What fungal infections are aerosolized from spores in the environment?
What fungal infections are excreted by birds and bats into the soil?
What are the clinical signs of fungal pulmonary infection?
Enlarged pulmonary lymph nodes
What is the reservoir for Coccidiodes immitis?
What influenzas have documented human transmission?
Why are swine susceptible to both human and avian strains?
They are viral mixing vessels
How is influenza transmitted between people?
Indirect through contaminated surfaces
How is influenza transmitted between swine?
How is influenza transmitted between wild birds?
How is influenza transmitted between poultry?
What is the treatment for influenza in humans?
What is the treatments for influenza in animals?
Control and Prevention of Influenza
Test and Isolate sick animals
Vaccines for animals and humans
Who is at risk for contracting Q-fever?
people working with pregnant animals
How is Q-fever transmitted?
Windborne in dust
Exposure to parturient cats
Shed in birth products
Lower shedding in feces and urine
How do you control Q-fever?
Immediately seek medical attention if suspected
Segregate parturient animals and burn placentas and other birth products
Proper bio safety procedures
What are the two forms of Chylamydia?
Who is at risk for contracting chlamydia?
pet store workers
poultry and poultry processing
How is chlamydia transmitted in birds?
How is Chlamydia transmitted in humans?
Direct handling of infected birds