Seafood Flashcards Preview

RUSVM Epidemiology 2016 > Seafood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Seafood Deck (40):
1

Seafood Definition

Fresh or Saltwater Finfish, crustaceans, and other forms of aquatic animal life

2

Who makes the regulations for seafood?

FDA

3

What is required for all USA seafood plants?

HACCP

4

Who handles the voluntary seafood inspection program?

Dept. of Commerce (NOAA)

5

VSIP

Voluntary Seafood Inspection Program

6

Voluntary Seafood Inspection Program

Inspection for quality and sanitation performed by the Dept. of Commerce (NOAA)

7

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administation

8

What is the reservoir for Vibrio vulnificus?

Coastal waters

9

How is Vibrio vulnificus transmitted?

Raw improperly cooked seafood
Direct infection of wounds through walking or swimming in contaminated water

10

What are the clinical signs of Vibrio vulnificus?

Diarrhea
Cramps
Vomiting
Fever

11

How do you prevent Vibrio vulnificus?

Proper handling of seafood
Cook seafood
Close waters for fishing or swimming when Vibrio is present

12

What is definitive host of Diphyllobothrium latum?

Humans
canids
felids
mustelids
bears

13

What are the clinical signs of Diphyllobothrium latum?

Minor bloating
Anemia

14

How is Diphyllobothrium latum transmitted?

Raw infected freshwater fish

15

How do you prevent Diphyllobothrium latum?

Cook or freeze fish

16

What is the definitive host of Anisakis spp?

Marine mammals
Humans

17

What is the intermediate host of Anisakis spp?

Crustaceans
Fish
Squid

18

What are the clinical signs of Anisakis spp?

Tingling in throat
Cough up or pull out worm
Abdominal pain
nausea
diarrhea

19

How is Anisakis spp transmitted?

Raw infected fish

20

How is Anisakis spp prevented?

Cook or freeze fish

21

Gnathostoma spinigerum

Causes aggressive larval migrans through eating infected raw freshwater fish or drinking contaminated water

22

Capillaria philippinensis

Causes intestinal infection, diarrhea, anorexia due to eating infected freshwater fish or drinking contaminated water

23

What is Scombrotoxin?

Histamine Fish Poisoning

24

What are the clinical signs for Scombrotoxin?

burning swelling of mouth
nausea
vomiting
diarrhea
headache
cramps
rash
pruritis

25

How do you prevent Scombrotoxin?

Proper handling of fish especially chilling after catching

26

Tetrodotoxin

Pufferfish poisoing

27

What is the vehicle for Tetrodotoxin?

Pufferfish liver, ovaries, and skin

28

What are clinical signs of Tetrodotoxin?

muscle paralysis
death by asphyxiation

29

How do you prevent Tetrodotoxin?

Aquaculture of poison free pufferfish

30

Ciguatera Poisoning

Toxin produced by dinoflagellate protozoans that accumulate in the food chain

31

What is the vehicle for Ciguatera poisoning?

Eating tropical reef fish

32

How do you prevent Ciguatera Poisoning?

Avoid eating large predatory fish

33

Paralytic shellfish poisoning

toxin produced by dinoflagellate that cause red tides

34

How do you prevent Paralytic Shellfish poisoning?

Close water with red-tide
Check with local health dept. before collecting shellfish

35

What is the vehicle of Paralytic Shellfish poisoning?

ingesting infected shellfish

36

Neurotoxic Shellfish poisoning

Neurotoxin produced by dinoflagellate

37

How do you prevent Neurotoxic shellfish poisoning?

Close waters once people become sick
Check with local health dept. before collecting shellfish

38

Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning

Domoic acid produced by a diatom

39

What is the vehicle for Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning?

Ingesting infected Shellfish

40

How do you prevent Amnesic Shellfish Poisoing?

Test Shellfish and close fisheries and recall shellfish when level of Domoic acid rise above the threshold