Flashcards in KC's diabetes overview; 3.18/19 Deck (12):
What antibodies are often present with DMI?
Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase (GAD)-65 antibodies
How is gestational DM diagnosed?
Glucose tolerance test (1hr challenge. If failed, then 3 hour test checking qhr...2 high reads = gestational DM)
There are lots of drugs that can cause hyperglycemia...here are some of them:
Cyclosporine, tracrolimus, sirolimus
HIV protease inhibitors
Who should be screened for diabetes?
Adults with BMI > 25 and one or more risk factors
What are some risk factors associated with diabetes?
Relative with DM
HTN, HDL, elevated TGs
What is the usual goal HA1c with diabetes (measured every 6 months)?
Less than 7-8%
When would a goal HA1c be less than the normal 7-8%?
Short disease duration
Long life expectancy
No significant CVD
When would it be ok for the HA1c goal to be higher than the normal 7-8%?
Limited life expectancy
Extensive comorbid conditions
Those who just can't meet other targets
Other than HA1c, what else should be checked/avoided in diabetes patients?
Proteinuria screen (annually)
Flu shot (annually)
Pneumococcal vaccine (UTD)
What is the goal LDL level in a diabetic?
<100mg/dL (high dose statin if otherwise)
What is the goal BP in a diabetic?