Flashcards in Vulva pathoma Deck (15):
Who has a painful cystic lesion next to the vaginal canal?
Bartholin cyst is in women of reproductive age. MAKES SENSE because bartholin duct can be blocked by STD. Remember can develop abscess
What is a warty neoplasm of the skin?
Condyloma. Get it with HPV
What kind of virus is HPV?
dsDNA round genome and nonenveloepd Papovirideae
Low risk HPV types?
6, 11 are low risk, higher than that is high risk
What is a koilocytic nucleus?
Looks like a raison and is from HPV infection
What does lichen sclerosis look like on histology? Is it cancerous?
Thinning of epidermis and fibrosis of dermis.
It is benign but rarely can lead to squamous cell carcinoma
What does is leukoplakia with parchment like vulvar skin?
What causes Lichen Simplex Chronicus?
SimplexChronicus from SCratching
What does lichen simplex chronic us look like?
leukoplakia of vulva but leathery skin instead of papery like lichen sclerosis
How do you recognize vulvar carcinoma?
Looks like leukoplakia (which is benign) so need to do biopsy
2 etiology of vulvar carcinoma?
HPV related: if HPV 16 or 18 and aged 40-50
NonHPV related after long standing lichen sclerosis and woman is 70+
What is extramammary Paget Disease?
Malignant epithelial cells in epidermis of vulva and its IMPORTANT
How does extramammary Paget present?
erythematous, pruritic, ulcerated skin. IT IS UNPLEASANT b/c malignant cells
What is on the differential for extrammary paget disease? How do you tell them a part?
"IMPORTANT FOR BOARDS"
carcinoma vs melanoma
staining: Carcionoma: PAS+, keratin+ s100-
Melanoma: PAS- Keratin- s100+