kef 26 anoies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in kef 26 anoies Deck (16):
1

anoia

ekptwsi proigoumenws fisiologikwn voitikwn leitourgiwn

2

kata seira diataraxes stin noso Alzheimer

ditaraxi prosfatis mnimis(ipokampos kai krotafikos),antilipsis xorou kai xronou,kataskevastikwn deksiotitwn(vregmatikou),logou,adiaforia kai everethistotita,pliris ekptwsi noitikwn leitourgeiwn ,avksisi tonou akrateia ourwn ,

3

pathan alzheimer

gerontikes plakes metaksi nevrwnwn(ston ipokampo kai vregmatiko apo b amiloeides ) kai nevroinidiakoi thisanoi mesa stous nevrwnes (endokitarioi sximatismoi pathologikis prwteinis tau) ,megali apoleia xolinergikwn serotoninergikwn kai noradrenergikwn nevronwn

4

oigogenis alzheimer me prwimi enarksi prin ta 65

metalaksi sto xr21 (gonidio tis app epomenos provlima sto b amiloeides) , xr14 presenilini1 , xr1 presenilini 2

5

oikogenis alzheimer me opsimi enarksi

genotniki aneia xr19 (gonidio apolipoprwteinis E) i E4 pio sovari

6

klasiki nosos pick (metopokrotafiki anoia)

atrofies twn antistoixwn lovwn kai somatia pick kai treis isomorfes tis prwteinis t (alzheimer)

7

simasiologiki anoia pick

ekfilizete o metopiaios lovos pou apothikevontai oi simasies epomenos exei kali prosfati mnimi,omws diskolia stin anaklasi palaioterwn mnimwn

8

therapeia nosou pick

exoume eleipsi serotoninis ara antikatathliptika (flouoksetini kai paroksetini)

9

diagnwsi anias

kliniki eikona istoriko kai paraklinikes eksetaseis-nevropsixologikos elegxos mini mental ,eksetasi eny,pet spect

10

aitia anoias

anastrepsima:toksika,loimwdi,metavolikes ,ogkoi ,kek
mi anastrepsimes:ekfilistikes,genetikes aggeiakes ,aids,nosos cj

11

therapeia alzheimer

anastoleis achesterasis: ntonezepili ,rivastigmini ,gkalantamini ,memantini

12

nosos me somatia lewy (afta einai alpha synuclein and ubiquitin mesa stou nevrwnes tou floi kai vasikwn gaggliwn)

defteri se sixnotita ekflilistiki anoia,kanei kai eksopiramidiki simptomatologia diskampsia,sinaisthimatiki astatheia psevdaisthiseis kai paralirimatikes ides

13

eidi nosou pick(metopokrotafikis anoias)

anoia metwpiaiou tipou(arsi anastolwn,apatheia,adinamia sxediasmou kai organwsis) ,simasiologiki anoia(san reousa aisthitiki afasia) ,proodevtiki mi reousa afasia ekpompis ,proodeftiki prosopoagnwsia

14

floiovasiki ekfilisi

exoume ekfilisi metwpiaiou ,vregmatikou floiou kai vasikwn gaggliwn ,exoume monoplevri ipertonia vradikinisia apraksia , sindromo ksenou akrou ,perierges akousies kiniseis ,diataraxi noithikwn leitourgiwn

15

aggeiaki anoia poliemfraktiki

mia apo tis sixnoteres morfes anoias ,emvolika i athirothromvwtika epeisodia ,pollapla floiwdi emfrakta me ekptwsi noithikwn leitourgeiwn,simptwmata kinitikotitas kai optikis odou,ekptwsi kata epeisodia

16

diagnwsi

kliniki eikona,paraklinikos elegxos kai DSM-IV kitiria:noiitika eleimata(mnimis i allis noitikis leitourgeias) ,ta noitika eleimata na dimiourgoun provlima stin koinwniki leiourgikotita,enarksi 40-90 etwn stadiaki epeidinwsi,apoklisi alwn nwswn