L39: Pelvis II Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in L39: Pelvis II Deck (60):
1

What are the urinary organs and waht do they do?

Kidneys- secrete urine
Ureters- convey the urine
Bladder- store and discharge urine
Urethra- discharge the urine

2

What is the function of the kidney (3)?

1. Filter the plasma in a 2-step process to reabsorb useful substances
2. Concentrate waste substances for elimination
3. Produce and release renin and erythropoietin

3

What are the structures of the kidney?

- Capsule
Parenchyma
Cortex and Medulla
Inner and outer zone

4

What shape do most mammmals kidneys partake?

Multilobular shape

5

In cattle, describe kidney?

Multilobar with lobar surface; one lobe is called renal lobe

6

In pig, describe kidney?

Multipyramidal with smooth surface; each is renal pyramid

7

In dog, describe kidney?

Unipyramidal with smooth surface

8

Blood supply to kidneys consists of what 4 structures?

1 Renal a
2 Renal v
3 Ureter
4 Renal pelvis

9

What is the renal pelvis?

Enlargement that results from the union of the calices and provides the origin for the ureter

10

What is function of ureters?

Convey urine from kidneys to bladder; extends from hilum to kidney

11

What is the urinary bladder?

A muscular and distensible sac that collects urine for its later convenient disposal

12

What does the urethra do?

Discharges urine (& semen in male)

13

What are the reproductive functions in males? (2)

Production of sperm

14

What are the repro functions of females? (6)

- Production of oocytes
- Receipt of sperm
- Providing of a suitable environment for fertilization
- Nurture of the embryo and fetuses
- Give birth
- Nuture offspring

15

What are the internal organs of the female repro system? (4)

1. Ovaries
2. Uterine tubes (oviduct)
3. Uterus
4. Vagina

16

What are the external organs of the female repro system? (3)

1. Vagina
2. Vulva
3. Mammary gland

17

What are the ovaries?

Produce hormones (estrogens and progesterone) and releases oocytes

18

What is exclusive about the ovaries amongst different species? (2)

The location and position varies between species
Size

19

In the ovaries, there are two important structures- what are they and what do they consist of?

Cortex- germ cells and somatic cells (granulosa and theca cells)

Medulla- CT, vessels, nerves

20

What is the ovulation fossa? (in regards to learning)

Ideal site of palpation of ovarian structures

21

In an ultrasonography of the ovarian structures, the Corpus luteum is ____ and follicle is _____? What do each represent?

CL: echoic- no fluid
Follicle: anechoic- fluid not tissue

22

What are the uterine tubes (oviduct) functions? (4)

1. Collect the oocyte(s) after ovulation
2. Transport gametes and store sperm
3. Provide suitable conditions for fertilization and early embryo development
4. Transport embryo(s) to the uterus

23

What are three things that make up the uterine tube?

1. Infundibulum
2. Ampulla
3. Isthmus

24

Isthmus is a site of ____ in ____?

Sperm reservoir in uterus

25

Ampulla is a site of ___ in ___?

Fertilization in uterine tube

26

Infundibulum is a site of _____ in ___?

Oocyte capture in Ovary

27

What is the function of the uterus? (3)

1. Transports and stores sperm
2. Nutures embryo(s) and fetuse(s)
3. Participates in birth

28

What three parts make up the uterus?

Horns, body, cervix

29

What uterus shape is found in rodents and rabbits?

Duplex

30

What uterus shape is found in domestic mammals?

Bicornis

31

What uterus shape is found in primates?

Simplex

32

Uterus shape from species to species correlates with their ________. *

Litter size

33

Uterus location depends on the structure / size of the _____.

Uterine horn

34

What is the function of the cervix? (2)

1. Stores sperm
2. Functions as tight barrier (except during estrus)

35

What are the 3 layers of the uterine wall of uterus?

1. Perimetrium
2. Myometrium
3. Endometrum

36

What make up the Myometrium uterine wall layer of the uterus? (3)

- Longitudinal muscle
- Connective tissue
- Circular muscle

37

What make up the Endometrium uterine wall layer of uterus? (2)

- CT
- Epithelium

38

In the bitch and cat, ligation of blood vessels in an OVARIECTOMY require removing which blood vessles?

Ovarian a and Uterine branch

39

In the bitch and cat, ligation of blood vessels in an OVARIOHYSTERECTOMY require removing which blood vessles?

Ovarian a and Uterine a

40

In the bitch and cat, ligation of blood vessels in an HYSTERECTOMY require removing which blood vessles?

Uterne branch and uterine a

41

Ovariectomy in the cow require removing via?

Compression of blood vessels

42

What is the vagina?

Copulatory organ that participates in birth and urination

43

What are the external organs in the male repro system? (4)

Testes, epididymis, ductus deferens and penis

44

What are the internal organs in the male repro system? (2)

Ductus deferens, Accessory sex glands

45

Where is sperm stored?

Epididymis

46

What is function of ductus deferens?

Convey sperm to the pelvic urethra

47

What are 2 functions of the male pelvic urethra?

1. Receive and mix secretions of sex accessory glands with sperm to form semen
2. Convey semen (ejaculation) and urine (urination) to the penile urethra

48

Which animal has an absence of ampullary gland?

Boar

49

What male accessory sex gland do the cat and dog have an absense of?

Vesicular glands

50

Which animal has an absence of bulbourethral gland?

Dog

51

What do the male accessory glands do?

Produce the non-spermatic component of the semen and clean the urethra

52

What are the male accessory sex gland depending in?

Androgens

53

What male accessory glands are not palpable in the boar? (3)

Ampullary glands
Vesicular glands
Prostate

54

Presence of normal functional glands, masculine behavior and phenotype in animals without scrotal testes may indicate ____ or _______.

Cryptorchidism or defective castration

55

The location of ovaries in the bitch is where in relation to the pelvic unit?

Dorsal cranial to pelvic unit

56

The location of ovaries in the sow is where in relation to the pelvic unit?

Middle ventral cranial to pelvic unit

57

The location of ovaries in the mare is where in relation to the pelvic unit?

Dorsal cranial to pelvic unit

58

The location of ovaries in the cow is where in relation to the pelvic unit?

Lower ventral cranial to pelvic unit

59

What type of cervix does the bitch and mare have?

Muscular

60

What type of cervix does the cow and sow have?

Fibrous