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Flashcards in Last information Deck (19):
1

Act as erythrocytic parasites?

Blood schizonticides

2

Types of lice?

  • Pediculus Humanus Capitis
  • Corporis
  • pubis crabs bro

3

Examples of Nematodes?

  • Hookworm disease
  • Ascariasis 
  • Enterobiasis
  • Filariasis-Riverblindness, Loa loa, Lymphatic (can live there)

4

What are the antimilarial drugs?

How are these administered?

  • Quinolines
  • Atovaquone
  • Artemisinins

Either prophylactically or as definite therapy

5

Artemisinin is a? 

How does it work?

Antimalarial medication

  • Its a sesquinterpene lactone endoperoxide

6

Name the quinolines

What are there adverse effects and how do they work?

Chloroquine, Mefloquine, Quinine, Primaquine

  • Hematologic abnormalities, hemolysis, prolonged QT, hypotension
  • Quinine can cause cinchonism, tinnitus, headache, nausea, dizziness, flushing, visual disturbances

7

Metronidazole? And Tinidazole

How does it work? 

What is it good at fighting against?

AE?

What are its three functions of killing?

Amebicide 

Does a ton of things, it kills trophozoites but not cysts by causeing DNA damage. 

Good for kill Clostridium

Kills: Amebiasis, Giardiasis, Trichomoniasis

Dry mouth, nausea, metallic taste

Amebicidal, bactericidal, Trichomonicidal

8

Albendazole?

MOA? 

Used for? 

Antihelminthic

  • Inhibits the polymerization of microtubules 
  • Intestinal parasites: Cysticercosis, Acariasis, Enterobiasis (pinworm)
  • Hydatid disease (Echinococcus via dogs)
  • Neurocysticercosis

 

9

Flatworms examples?

  • Neuro Cysticerosis
  • Schistosomiasis blood flukes?

10

Kill sexual stages and prevent transmission to mosquitos?

Gametocides

11

What can lice transmit?

As a result causes?

Rickettsia promazekii

Louseborne typhus

12

Ivermectin?

MOA?

Used in?

Antihelminthic

  • Causes paralysis by intensifying GABA-mediated transmission of signals in peripheral nerves crazy
  • Onchocerciasis: River blindness 
  • Microfilaria
  • Ectoparasites such as scabies

13

Scabies?

Carcoptes scabei

14

Sexually transmitted parasitic infection? 

Only one gone over in class

What does it stick to and damage?

Trichomoniasis

  • Adheres to and damages squamous epithelial cells 
  • coexists with gonorrhea 

15

Eliminate developing or dormant liver forms?

Tissue schizonticides

16

Amebiasis

Most important?

Causes? 

Can cause what type of liver disease?

  • most important parasitic disease 
  • Causes dysentary as a result of cytotox. on colonic epithelial
  • Can also cause amebic liver disease

17

What is pentamidine?

What is it used in? 

Whats else?

  • Used in african Trypanosomiasis - Sleeping sickness
  • Leishmaniasis
  • Its highly toxic

18

The most common cause of water borne disease in the US?

Giardiasis 

19

What is the oldest and highly effective antimalarial blood schizonticide?

Quinolines