Lecture 11a Parenting Styles Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 11a Parenting Styles Deck (33):
1

Temperament, attachment style and _________ are all related. ______ and ______ affect secure attachment. Parenting and temperament can affect each other.

parenting
temperament and parenting

2

Define warmth:

A warm parent cares about the kid will place there needs first and is empathetic.

3

Define hostile:

rejecting of the kid in a way that makes the kid think they hate them

4

Kids from high warmth families are :

-more securely attached
-have higher self esteem
- more altruistic
-empathetic
-higher IQ
- do better in school
-are less aggressive

5

Kids from low warmth families are more likely to have _________ and ___________

mental health problems and suicidal thoughts

6

What determines the emotional tone of the family?

Warmth vs Hostility and Parental responsiveness

7

T or F: Children with high warmth moms were less hostile and delinquent than those with low warmth moms

True

8

Responsiveness ( ________ ) has both ________ and ___________ benefits for the child.

Synchrony
cognitive and socio-emotional

9

What are the cognitive and socio emotional benefits for a child with responsive parents:

-pick up language faster
- faster cognitive development
- higher IQ
- socially competent probably b/c they are securely attached

10

What are three methods of control?

1) clear and consistent rules
2) parental expectations
3) use of punishments

11

T or F: It is good to control your kids

True

12

In the study in which Jr. High kids were asked questions about whether someone keeps and eye on them, knows where they are etc. what were the results?

If kids had someone controlling them they had higher self-esteem, self-efficacy and were more psychologically competent and better in school.

13

Why is it important that kids have clear and consistent rules?

It is very stressful not knowing the rules or the consequences of breaking them.

14

Kids who are expected to be mature understand ______ and have _______ self esteem, get along better with others, are ____ altruistic and less aggressive. With ________they will reach to achieve them.

responsibility
increased
more
achievable goals

15

How should punishment be:

- right way
- calm
- warm
- involve communication
mild -take away small priviledges

16

Punishments that are _______ and ________ are ineffective and lead to bad outcomes and result in well behaved kids.

extreme and emotional

17

What are the four types of parents?

1) authoritative
2) authoritarian
3) permissive
4) neglecting

18

What type of parent is high in control and high in acceptance.

Authoritative

19

What type of parent is low in acceptance and low in control?

Neglecting

20

What type of parent is low in acceptance and high in control?

Authoritarian

21

What type of parent is high in acceptance and low in control?

Permissive

22

What type of parents does a child that has these traits have:
- high self esteem
- high self control
- better in school
- achievement oriented
- independent
- compliant
- altruistic

Authoritative (the good kind :))

23

What type of parents does a child that has these traits have:
- poor social skills
- less well in school
- subdued
- lower SE
- more aggressive
- lacks self control/ self regulation

Authoritarian Parents - very demanding unresponsive, emphasize obedience, respect and order " do as I say or else"

24

What type of parents does a child that has these traits have:
- less well in school
- aggressive when they don't get what they want
- immature
- irresponsible
- lack self control

Permissive - outcome is almost as bad as authoritarian

25

What type of parents does a child that has these traits have:
- bad relationships
- impulsive
- not achievement oriented

neglecting

26

Even in the group of children with neglecting parents ________ predicts success

contol

27

Describe the longitudinal study on 11000 teens at time 1 and 7000 at time 2. (some attrition but it wasn't selective). What were the 6 outcome measures they were tested on?

Subjects rated the accuracy of statements such as "someone knows where I am" and families were classified on parental style. Subjects were tested on several outcome measures including resilience, social competence, school performance, mental health and delinquency.

28

The results of this longitudinal study showed that authoritative parents kids had ________ and _______. Authoritorian parents have the lowest _______ and _________. Neglecting parents kids were _______.

-more positives (resilience, social competence and school performance) and less negatives ( more stable mental health and lower delinquency.
- social competence and self reliance
-worse on everything else

29

What did Steinberg and Dornbush find about school performance (GPA) and different parenting types?

Authoritative kids had the highest performance
In the middle, no difference between authoritarian and permissive.
Neglecting parents kids have the lowest GPA

30

What did Steinberg and Dornbush find about delinquency and different parenting types?

Neglecting kids were most delinquent followed by permissive, followed by authoritarian, followed by authoritative.

31

The interaction of temperament, attachment and parenting style can have consequences on many aspects of life including_________, _________________, ___________.

social, emotional, cognitive etc.

32

What is the best combination of temperament, attachment and parenting?

Easy baby, secure attachment and authoritative parent.

33

What is the worst combination of temperament, attachment and parenting?

Difficult baby, insecure attachment, neglecting parents