Madama Butterfly (Giacomo Puccini) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Madama Butterfly (Giacomo Puccini) Deck (28):
1

date of premiere

1904

2

genre

Italian verisimo opera (tragèdia giapponese)

3

source

based on a play by David Belasco

4

plot summary

you know this. Characters = Butterfly (Cio-Cio-San), B. F. Pinkerton, Suzuki, Sharpless, Kate, Goro, Prince Yamadori, the Bonze (uncle), and Trouble

5

librettists

Giuseppe Giacosa and Luigi Illica

6

setting

Nagasaki, Japan. ~1900.

7

Prelude: tempo

Allegro

8

Prelude: time signature

2/4

9

Prelude: key

C minor

10

Prelude: character

agitated quality through aggressive articulation, accents, incisive rhythms, and overlapping voices

11

Prelude: texture

contrapuntal (fugal)

12

Prelude: notes

vigoroso, features strings, and European polyphony in marked contrast to Japanese monophony

13

Un: context

Act 2, Scene 1

14

Un: form

ABAC

15

Un: genre

soprano aria

16

Un: key

G flat major

17

Un: tempo

Andante molto calmo

18

Un: time signature

3/4

19

Un: character/mood

simple, yet emotional

20

Un: plot

Response to Suzuki's doubts that Pinkerton will return. One dine day his ship will appear on the horizon. Upon landing, he will ascend to this house in search of me. I shall hide, out of playfulness, and also so as to not die in his embrace. He will call me pet names. This is how it will be.

21

Un: plot

Response to Suzuki's doubts that Pinkerton will return. One dine day his ship will appear on the horizon. Upon landing, he will ascend to this house in search of me. I shall hide, out of playfulness, and also so as to not die in his embrace. He will call me pet names. This is how it will be.

22

Un: texture

homophonic

23

Un: A

begins high, slowly works it's way down, contains frequent leaps of 3rds and 4ths, and employs violinata (orchestral doubling of vocal line). rubato-like effect (through rit's rall's etc)

24

Un: B

"Mi metto là sul ciglio el colle". Time signature changes to 2/4. Pentatonic minor melody implies F minor. con semplicità. recitative-like parlando style achieved through fast-repeated notes, often on same pitch, supported by orchestral chords

25

Un: A1

"per non morire al primo incontro". con forza, recommencing on high G flat on "die" (tragic foreshadowing). also quasi-parlando

26

Un: C

"Tutto questo averrà". still recitative-like. Melody rises broadly, climactic high B flat on the words "await him".

27

Characteristics of Romanticism

1. expression of emotions are central to the music
2. lyrical melody
3. wide range of dynamics and conrasts
4. Programmatic structure
5. Exoticism

28

Review and Reflection

Lyrical and expansive