Symphonie fantastique (Hector Berlioz) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Symphonie fantastique (Hector Berlioz) Deck (42):
1

date

1830

2

genre

program symphony

3

performing forces

expanded symphony orchestra

4

structure

5 movements

5

plot summary

a lovesick artist takes opium in an attempt to commit suicide; the drug, too weak to kill him, puts him into a deep sleep. We glimpse his reams and nightmares which are haunted by visions of his beloved

6

inspiration

longstanding infatuation with actress Harriet Smithson; revolutionary climate of the time, including public executions; controversial literary works

7

idée fixe

"the beloved"

8

1: name

Rêveries, Passions

9

1: key

C minor, shifts to C major

10

1: tempo

Largo, later becoming Allegro agitato e appassionato assai (at the idée fixe)

11

1: time signature

C

12

1: program

in his drugged stupor, the weary musician recalls the yearning and passion that his beloved ignited in him.

13

1: idée fixe

introduced by the 1st violins and oboes

14

2: name

Un bal

15

2: key

A major

16

2: tempo

Allegro non troppo

17

2: time signature

3/8 (waltz)

18

2: program

he dreams that he is attending a glittering ball, and glimpses his beloved

19

2: instrumentation

oboe, english horn, and at least 4 harps?

20

3: name

Scène aux champs

21

3: key

F major

22

3: tempo

adagio

23

3: time signature

6/8

24

3: program

he escapes to the countryside in search of tranquility. While he listens to the lonely piping of shepherds his thoughts return to the beloved and his soul is filled with foreboding

25

3: instrumentation

oboe and english horn portray the shepherd's lament

26

4: name

March au supplice

27

4: key

G minor

28

4: tempo

allegretto non troppo

29

4: time signature

C

30

4: program

in a fit of passion he has killed his beloved and been sentenced to death. He is marched to the scaffold for his execution. As his head is laid on the chopping block, his last thought is of his beloved. That thought is interrupted by the fall of the blade, and his severed head tumbles to the ground

31

4: intrumentation

pizzicatto strings (2 descending notes) to represent the head

32

5: name

Songe d'une nuit de sabbat

33

5: key

C minor, then E flat major (idée fixe), C minor (Dies irae), C major (dance)

34

5: tempo

begins Larghetto but later changes to Allegro

35

5: time signature

begins in 4/4

36

5: program

he sees himself at a witches' sabbath, in the midst of a horrible gathering for his funeral. His beloved arrives, and she joins the diabolical orgy. The funeral knell tolls, a burlesque parody of the Dies irae, combining with the dance of the witches.

37

5: introduction mood

a strange and sinister setting: dissonance, tremolo strings, strange rhythms, ornaments (glissando flutes and oboe)

38

5: transformation

thematic transformation: idée fixe sounds vulgar and grotesque

39

5: foreshadowing

foreshadowing of the "dance of the witches" by cloches on tonic and dominant notes

40

5: dance of the witches

fugal texture, mocking tone heightened by syncopated chords, jarring dissonance, col legno

41

Characteristics of romanticism

1. Programmatic writing
2. chromatic harmonies and dissonance
3. Recurring themes (idée fixe)
4. Dramatic contrasts of dynamics and pitch
5. Expanded orchestra?

42

Review and Reflection

cyclical structure, expanded dynamic range (more specific markings), expanded orchestra