Polonaise in A flat Major, op. 53 (Frederic Chopin) Flashcards Preview

History 1 > Polonaise in A flat Major, op. 53 (Frederic Chopin) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Polonaise in A flat Major, op. 53 (Frederic Chopin) Deck (13):
1

date

1842

2

genre

solo piano work

3

structure

ABA1 (with Introduction and Coda)

4

main key

A flat major

5

time signature

3/4

6

tempo

maestoso

7

character/mood

stately, proud, majestic, VIRTUOSIC

8

1 important term

chromaticism!

9

introduction

opens boldly with octaves on the dominant, followed by chromatically ascending first-inversion chords in parallel motion, and expanded through sequential repetition. Tension through dissonance (chromaticism) and crescendos

10

section A

principal theme announced in RH, uses characteristic polonaise rhythm. Theme is harmonized in thirds and ornamented with grace notes and appogiaturas. LH plays arpeggiated three-octave octaves. A sweeping ascending scale is heard 3 times in the section, adding virtuosity and brilliance

11

section B

E major (= F flat major, why??). LH plays ostinato pattern (staccato octaves). Proud martial character is achieved through dotted rhythms and chordal texture. Dramatic shift down a half step to D sharp major (= E flat, dominant). New theme is introduced, more lyrical, introspective, bel canto

12

coda

based on principal theme of section A. Majestic close is marked by an unorthodox harmonic progression (I - IIInat3 (major triad) - V7 - I)

13

technical challenges

ornaments, frequent use of single-hand octaves, sweeping ascending scales in section A, sweeping arpeggiation