Messiah (George Frideric Handel) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Messiah (George Frideric Handel) Deck (61):
1

Date

1742

2

Circumstances of performance

a benefit concert in Dublin, composed the previous summer in only 24 days

3

Genre

oratorio

4

Time signature (at least for everything we look at)

C

5

structure

(53 mvmts in total) Part 1: prophecy of coming of Christ, Part 2: Christ's suffering, death, and spread of his doctrine, Part 3: the redemption of the world through faith

6

performing forces

S,A,T,B soloists with SATB chorus and string orchestra + continuo + oboes, bassoons, trumpets, and timpani

7

Overture: title

Sinfony

8

Overture: genre

French overture

9

Overture: Form

A (repeated) B

10

Overture: key

E minor

11

Overture: Time signature

C

12

Overture: A: Tempo

Grave

13

Overture: A: Texture

homophonic

14

Overture: A: predominant rhythm

dotted figure (some interpret: double dotting)

15

Overture: B: Texture

polyphonic (fugal), 3 voices

16

Overture: B: subject 1st introduced by

1st violins and oboes

17

Overture: B: answer

tonal

18

Overture: A: affection

unknowing, fear, and a sense of nobility

19

Overture: B: affection

urgent, yet more hopeful than section A. at times it feels almost didactic

20

There were shepherds: 1: text

There were shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flocks by night

21

There were shepherds: 1: type

recitativo secco

22

There were shepherds: 1: key

C major

23

There were shepherds: 1: tempo

not indicated

24

There were shepherds: 2: text

And lo! The angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them, and they were sore afraid

25

There were shepherds: 2: type

recitativo accompagnato

26

There were shepherds: 2: key

F major

27

There were shepherds: 2: tempo

Andante

28

There were shepherds: 2: word painting

the ascending 4-note pattern in the accompaniment suggests the flapping of angels' wings

29

There were shepherds: 3: text

And the angel said unto them 'Fear not, for behold I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people; for unto you is born this day, in the city of David, a Savior which is Christ the Lord'.

30

There were shepherds: 3: type

recitativo secco

31

There were shepherds: 3: key

begins in D major

32

There were shepherds: 3: tempo

not indicated

33

There were shepherds: 4: text

And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heav'nly host, praising God, and saying"

34

There were shepherds: 4: type

recitativo accompagnato

35

There were shepherds: 4: key

begins in D major

36

There were shepherds: 4: tempo

not indicated

37

There were shepherds: 4: word painting

more flapping of angels wings suggested in the accompaniment

38

Glory to God: type

chorus

39

Glory to God: key

D major

40

Glory to God: tempo

Allegro

41

Glory to God: text

Glory to God, Glory to God in the highest, and peace on earth, good will towards men

42

Glory to God: texture

voices: homorhythmic, alternating with polyphonic sections "and peace on earth"

43

Glory to God: word painting

"and peace on earth": terraced dynamics (f to p), and all voices + accompaniment cease rapid passages and slow down

44

Rejoice Greatly: type

soprano aria

45

Rejoice Greatly: key

B flat major

46

Rejoice Greatly: tempo

allegro

47

Rejoice Greatly: form

ABA1

48

Rejoice Greatly: A: text

Rejoice, rejoice, rejoice greatly, o daughter of Zion. rejoice greatly, shout, o daughter of Jerusalem. Behold thy king cometh unto thee

49

Rejoice Greatly: A: word painting

the melisma on the word rejoice, inspiring an exuberant mood, and imitating sounds of rejoicing. Also "shout" in "shout o daughter of Jerusalem" is significantly higher in pitch, and sounds like a real shout

50

Rejoice Greatly: B: key

G minor

51

Rejoice Greatly: B: text

"He is the righteous Savior, and he shall speak peace unto the heathen

52

Rejoice Greatly: B: contrast

minor key, much slower, and no rejoicing melismas are present :)

53

Hallelujah: type

chorus

54

Hallelujah: key

D major

55

Hallelujah: tempo

Allegro

56

Hallelujah: text

Hallelujah, for the Lord God Omnipoteth reigneth. The kingdom of this world has become the kingdom of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever. King of Kings, and Lord of lords, Hallelujah!

57

Hallelujah: texture

homorhythmic texture on opening "Hallelujah", and imitative polyphony on "and He shall reign for ever and ever"

58

Hallelujah: contrast

"the kingdom of this world" is significantly softer than the lines immediately preceding and following it. In addition, the homorhythmic lines are significantly more forceful than the rest of the piece.

59

Hallelujah: climax

At section G, the piece begins to transition from the polyphonic texture of the middle sections into a homorhythmic one. When homorhythmic texture is achieved, the entire chorus climaxes in a drawn out "Hallelujah", which then ends the piece.

60

Review and Reflection: Rejoice Greatly

ternary (ABA), and highly embellished, ornamental lines

61

Review and Reflection: Shepherds

Basso continuo (the recitativo secco parts)