Unit One: The Materials of Music Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit One: The Materials of Music Deck (49):
1

measure

a metrical unit containing a fixed number of beats; separated on the staff by bar lines.

2

meter

fixed patterns of strong and weak betas

3

simple time

time signatures in which each beat contains two subdivisions

4

compound time

time signatures in which each beat contains three (rather than two) subdivisions

5

syncopation

a deliberate shifting of the musical accent to a weak beat

6

anacrusis

an upbeat, or the last beat of a measure anticipating the downbeat

7

pitch

the highness or lowness of a particular sound

8

range

the distance between the highest and lowest notes of a melody

9

interval

the distance between any two pitches

10

conjunct

melodies that move mostly in a stepwise direction

11

disjunct

melodies that contain many leaps and changes of direction

12

phrase

a series of consecutive pitches that form a musical unit, much like a sentence

13

motive

a short melodic or rhythmic fragment used to build a melody

14

chord

a combination of three or more pitches that create a unit of harmony

15

triad

a three note chord that consists of a root, third, and fifth

16

diatonic

melodies/harmonies built from the notes of a +/- scale

17

chromatic

melodies/harmonies that include all the notes available within the octave, from the Greek word for "colour"

18

consonance

an agreeable combination of tones that provides a sense of relaxation and stability

19

dissonance

a combination of tones that sounds discordant, thus creating restlessness and a sense of instability

20

harmonic rhythm

the rate (frequency) of chord changes per measure

21

cadence

a specific combination of two chords that provide moments of rest at the ends of phrases, much like punctuation

22

counterpoint

combination of two or more melodic lines (ex. Hallelujah chorus from Handel's messiah ("...and he shall reign forever and ever...")

23

monophonic texture

a single line of unaccompanied melody

24

homophonic texture

a single line of melody supported by a harmonic accompaniment (ex. Section A of Overture (Sinfony) Messiah)

25

polyphonic texture

combination of two or more melodic lines, also referred to as counterpoint (ex. Hallelujah chorus from Handel's Messiah ("...and he shall reign forever and ever...")

26

dynamics

the level of volume in music, traditionally indicated with Italian terms or symbols

27

timbre

tone-colour. The quality of sound specific to a voice or instrument, for example, the silvery sound of a celesta, the nasal sound of an oboe

28

tempo

the speed at which music is performed, traditionally indicated with Italian terms

29

genre

the classification of a composition type, including categories like sonata, symphony, and opera

30

opus

Latin for "work". Usually abbreviated op. Indicates the order in which a composer's works were published

31

voice types

soprano, mezzo soprano, alto, tenor, baritone, bass

32

coloratura soprano

a high female voice trained to execute rapid passages demanding great agility

33

keyboard instruments

organ, harpsichord (quills inside pluck strings), clavichord (metal tangents inside strike strings), piano, synthesizer

34

types of percussion instruments

pitched (xylophone, glockenspiel, celesta), non-pitched (cymbals, snare drum, triangle, wood block)

35

types of woodwinds

single-reed (clarinet, bass clarinet), double-reed (oboe, English horn, contrabassoon)

36

piano trio

piano, violin, cello

37

woodwind quintet

flute, oboe, clarinet, French horn, bassoon

38

brass quintet

trumpet, trumpet, French horn, trombone, tuba

39

The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Part 1

1. full orchestra, 2. woodwinds, 3. brass, 4. strings, 5. percussion, 6. full orchestra

40

The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Part 2

1. flutes + piccolo, 2. oboes, 3. clarinets, 4. bassoons, 5. violins, 6. violas, 7. celli, 8. double bassi, 9. harp, 10. french horns, 11. trumpets, 12. trombone + tuba, 13. percussion

41

The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Part 3

fugue in the same order as part 2

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The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra: composer

Benjamin Britten

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The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra : year

1946

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The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Part 1: key

D minor

45

The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Part 1: time signature

3/2

46

The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Part 1: tempo

Allegro Maestoso e largamente

47

The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Part 3: key

D major

48

The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Part 3: tempo

Allegro molto

49

The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Part 3: time signature

2/4