Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune (Claude Debussy) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune (Claude Debussy) Deck (17):
1

date

1894

2

genre

symphonic poem (tone poem)

3

performing forces

strings (all + harp), woodwinds (flutes, oboes, English horn, clarinets), brass (French horn), percussion (antique cymbals)

4

structure

loose ternary structure (ABA), and 1 movement only

5

inspiration

a Symbolist poem (pastoral) by Stéphane Mallarmé

6

key signature

begins and ends with 4 sharps

7

time signature

9/8

8

tempo

très modéré

9

summary of original poem

a faun (half-man, half-goat, lives in forest), is visited by 3 lovely nymphs, or was this just a dream?

10

character or mood

hazy, dreamy quality

11

A

ambiguous tonality. Opening melody outlines a tritone. Mysterious atmosphere.

12

A: interesting

fluid rhythmic approach (obscure metric accents, figures flow across bar lines), innovative orchestration (harp glissandi, muted horns and strings)

13

B

two new themes introduced by woodwinds. contrast created through active, animated rhythm. modulations and syncopations build to an effective climax

14

B: orchestration

strings often move in parallel motion (gentle, floating sound created). clarinets trace rapid whole-tone scales (exotic)

15

A return

augments the opening theme. solo flute outlines a perfect 4th, which clarifies E major tonality. antique cymbals are gently struck in the final section

16

concept

suggest at the material rather than directly describing it

17

review and reflection

expanded tonality, whole-tone scale