Medical Roots (A-H) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Roots (A-H) Deck (188):
1

a-, an-

Denotes an absence of, without

2

ab-

away from

3

abdomin(o)-

Of or relating to the abdomen

4

-ac, -acal

pertaining to

5

acanth(o)-

thorn or spine

6

acous(io)-

Of or relating to hearing

7

acr(o)-

extremity, topmost

8

-acusis

hearing

9

-ad

toward, in the direction of

10

ad-

increase, adherence, motion toward, very

11

aden(o)-, aden(i)-

Of or relating to a gland

12

adip(o)-

Of or relating to fat or fatty tissue

13

adren(o)-

Of or relating to adrenal glands

14

-aemia

blood condition

15

aer(o)-

air, gas

16

aesthesio-

sensation

17

-al

pertaining to

18

alb-

Denoting a white or pale color

19

alge(si)-

pain

20

-algia

pain

21

alg(i)o-

pain

22

allo-

Denoting something as different, or as an addition

23

ambi-

Denoting something as positioned on both sides; Describing both of two

24

amnio-

Pertaining to the membranous fetal sac (amnion)

25

amph-, amphi-

on both sides

26

an-

not, without

27

ana-

back, again, up

28

an(o)

anus

29

andr(o)-

pertaining to a man

30

angi(o)-

blood vessel

31

aniso-

Describing something as unequal

32

ankyl(o)-,ancyl(o)-

Denoting something as crooked or bent

33

ante-

Describing something as positioned in front of another thing

34

anti-

Describing something as 'against' or 'opposed to' another

35

apo-

separated from, derived from

36

arch(i,e,o)

first, primitive

37

arsen(o)-

Of or pertaining to a male; masculine

38

arteri(o)-

Of or pertaining to an artery

39

arthr(o)-

Of or pertaining to the joints, limbs

40

articul(o)-

joint

41

-ary

pertaining to

42

-ase

enzyme

43

-asthenia

weakness

44

atel(o)

imperfect or incomplete development

45

ather(o)-

fatty deposit, Soft gruel-like deposit

46

-ation

process

47

atri(o)-

an atrium (esp. heart atrium)

48

aur(i)-

Of or pertaining to the ear

49

aut(o)-

self

50

aux(o)-

increase; growth

51

axill-

Of or pertaining to the armpit [uncommon as a prefix]

52

azo(to)

nitrogenous compound

53

balano-

Of the glans penis or glans clitoridis

54

bi-

twice, double

55

bio-

life

56

blast(o)-

germ or bud

57

blephar(o)-

Of or pertaining to the eyelid

58

brachi(o)-

Of or relating to the arm

59

brachy-

Indicating 'short' or less commonly 'little'

60

brady-

'slow'

61

bronch(i)-

bronchus

62

bucc(o)-

Of or pertaining to the cheek

63

burs(o)-

bursa (fluid sac between the bones)

64

capill-

Of or pertaining to hair

65

capit-

Pertaining to the head (as a whole)

66

carcin(o)-

cancer

67

cardi(o)-

Of or pertaining to the heart

68

carp(o)-

Of or pertaining to the wrist

69

cata-

down, under

70

-cele

pouching, hernia

71

-centesis

surgical puncture for aspiration

72

cephal(o)-

Of or pertaining to the head (as a whole)

73

cerat(o)-

Of or pertaining to the cornu[disambiguation needed]; a horn

74

cerebell(o)-

Of or pertaining to the cerebellum

75

cerebr(o)-

Of or pertaining to the brain

76

cervic-

Of or pertaining to the neck, the cervix

77

chem(o)-

chemistry, drug

78

chir(o)-, cheir(o)-

Of or pertaining to the hand

79

chlor(o)-

Denoting a green color

80

chol(e)-

Of or pertaining to bile

81

cholecyst(o)-

Of or pertaining to the gallbladder

82

chondr(i)o-

cartilage, gristle, granule, granular

83

chrom(ato)-

color

84

-cidal, -cide

killing, destroying

85

cili-

Of or pertaining to the cilia, the eyelashes; eyelids

86

circum-

Denoting something as 'around' another

87

cis-

on this side

88

clast

break

89

co-

with, together, in association

90

col-, colo-, colono-

colon

91

colp(o)-

Of or pertaining to the vagina

92

com-

with, together

93

contra

against

94

cor-

with, together

95

cor-, core-, coro-

Of or pertaining to eye's pupil

96

cordi-

Of or pertaining to the heart [Uncommon as a prefix]

97

cornu-

Applied to processes and parts of the body describing them likened or similar to horns

98

coron(o)-

crown

99

cost(o)-

Of or pertaining to the ribs

100

cox-

Of or relating to the hip, haunch, or hip-joint

101

crani(o)-

Belonging or relating to the cranium

102

-crine

to secrete

103

cry(o)-

cold

104

cutane-

skin

105

cyan(o)-

Denotes a blue color

106

cycl-

circle, cycle

107

cyph(o)-

Denotes something as bent (uncommon as a prefix)

108

cyst(o)-, cyst(i)-

Of or pertaining to the urinary bladder

109

cyt(o)-

cell

110

-cyte

cell

111

dacryo-

tear

112

dactyl(o)-

Of or pertaining to a finger, toe

113

de-

away from, cessation

114

dent-

Of or pertaining to teeth

115

dermat(o)-, derm(o)-

Of or pertaining to the skin

116

-desis

binding

117

dextr(o)-

right, on the right side

118

di-

two

119

di-

apart, separation

120

dia-

(same as Greek meaning)

121

dif-

apart, separation

122

digit-

Of or pertaining to the finger [rare as a root]

123

-dipsia

suffix meaning '(condition of) thirst'

124

dis-

separation, taking apart

125

dors(o)-, dors(i)-

Of or pertaining to the back

126

duodeno-

duodenum, twelve: upper part of the small intestine (twelve inches long on average), connects to the stomach

127

dynam(o)-

force, energy, power

128

-dynia

pain

129

dys-

bad, difficult

130

-eal

pertaining to

131

ec-

out, away

132

ect(o)-

outer, outside

133

-ectasis, -ectasia

expansion, dilation

134

-ectomy

Denotes a surgical operation or removal of a body part. Resection, excision

135

-emesis

vomiting condition

136

-emia

blood condition

137

encephal(o)-

Of or pertaining to the brain. Also see Cerebro.

138

endo-

Denotes something as 'inside' or 'within'

139

eosin(o)-

Red

140

enter(o)-

Of or pertaining to the intestine

141

epi-

[Same as Greek meaning: on, upon]

142

episi(o)-

Of or pertaining to the pubic region, the loins

143

erythr(o)-

Denotes a red color

144

-esophageal, -esophago

gullet

145

esthesio-

sensation

146

eu-

true, good, well, new

147

ex-

out of, away from

148

exo-

Denotes something as 'outside' another

149

extra-

outside

150

faci(o)-

Of or pertaining to the face

151

fibr(o)

fiber

152

filli-

fine, hair like

153

-form, -iform

Used to form adjectives indicating 'having the form of'

154

fossa

A hollow or depressed area; trench or channel

155

front-

Of or pertaining to the forehead

156

galact(o)-

milk

157

gastr(o)-

Of or pertaining to the stomach

158

-gen

(1) Denotes the sense 'born in, from' (2) Denotes the sense 'of a certain kind'

159

-genic

Formative, pertaining to producing

160

genu-

Of or pertaining to the knee

161

gingiv-

Of or pertaining to the gums

162

glauc(o)-

Denoting a grey or bluish-grey colour

163

gloss(o)-, glott(o)-

Of or pertaining to the tongue

164

gluco-

glucose

165

glyco-

sugar

166

gnath(o)-

Of or pertaining to the jaw

167

-gnosis

knowledge

168

gon(o)-

seed, semen; also, reproductive

169

-gram, -gramme

record or picture

170

-graph

instrument used to record data or picture

171

-graphy

process of recording

172

gyn(aec)o-, gyn(ec)o-

woman

173

halluc-

to wander in mind

174

hemat-, haemato- (haem-, hem-)

Of or pertaining to blood

175

hema or hemo-

blood

176

hemangi or hemangio-

blood vessels

177

hemi-

one-half

178

hepat- (hepatic-)

Of or pertaining to the liver

179

heter(o)-

Denotes something as 'the other' (of two), as an addition, or different

180

hidr(o)-

sweat

181

hist(o)-, histio-

tissue

182

home(o)-

similar

183

hom(o)-

Denotes something as 'the same' as another or common

184

humer(o)-

Of or pertaining to the shoulder (or [rarely] the upper arm)

185

hydr(o)-

water

186

hyper-

Denotes something as 'extreme' or 'beyond normal'

187

hyp(o)-

Denotes something as 'below normal'

188

hyster(o)-

Of or pertaining to the womb, the uterus