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Flashcards in Learn Latin! Sampler Deck (15):
1

magnus, magna, magnum

Large, great

Adjective, first/second declension

E.g. magnate, magnificent

2

Gaius Iulius Caesar

Cognomen

The cognomen was like a nickname, given to many Romans. Often times, they were given as an honor, such as Pompeius Magnus, "Pompey The Great". (Caesar actually means hairy!)

3

ad

To, towards

E.g. advance

4

eo, ire, ii, itus

Go

Irregular verb, fourth conjugation

I go, to go, I went, gone

E.g. transitive, ambient

5

Italia paene insulam est.

Italy is almost an island.

(Or: Italy is a peninsula.)

6

agricola

agricola
agricolae
agricolae
agricolam
agricola

Farmer

Noun, masculine, first declension

E.g. agriculture

7

levis, leve

Light

Adjective, third declension

E.g. levitation

8

--, -is, -i, -em, -e

-es, -um, -ibus, -es, -ibus

Third conjugation verb endings

Singular: Nominative, Genative, Dative, Accusative, Ablative

Plural: Nominative, Genative, Dative, Accusative, Ablative

9

iter, itineris

Journey

Noun, neuter, third declension

E.g. itinerary

10

N.B.

Nota Bene

"This is important" (literally, "Note [this] well")

11

DLXIV

564

D: 500
LX: 50+10 = 60
IV: 5-1 = 4

12

Ides

The 13th day of:
January, February, April, June, August, September, November, December

BUT

The 15th day of:
March, May, July, October

"In July, October, March and May, the Ides are on the 15th day."

13

Consul

One of two elected co-leaders, both of whom held the power of "veto" -- the right to stop the Senate from passing an action.

14

E Pluribus Unum

Out of many, one

e, ex -- out of, from

pluribus -- dative plural of plus, pluris (many)

unum -- demonstrative of unus (one)

15

Veni, vidi, vici.

I came, I saw, I conquered.

Perfect tense, first person singular
venio, venire, veni, ventus -- come
video, videre, vidi, visus -- see
vinco, vincere, vici, victus -- conquer