Flashcards in Microbiology systems Deck (113):
reheated rice diarrhea = ?
canned food food poisoning = ?
Reheated meat dish food poisoning = ?
Undercooked meat food poisoning = ?
Food poisoning from eggs, meat, and poultry = ?
Food poisoning from meats, mayonnaise, custard = ?
Contaminated seafood food poisoning = ?
Vibrio vulnificus or parahaemolyticus
Bacteria that causes dysentery + is associated with Guillain-barre syndrome = ?
Protozoan that causes dysentery and liver abscesses = ?
E.coli O157:H7 (EHEC) produces what toxin that causes dysentery?
Bloody or watery diarrhea: shigella
Bloody or watery diarrhea: yersina enterocolitica
Bloody or watery diarrhea: c.diff
Bloody or watery diarrhea: Clostridium perfringens
Bloody or watery diarrhea: campylobacter
Bloody or watery diarrhea: Vibrio cholera
Bloody or watery diarrhea: viruses like rotavirus or norovirus
Bloody or watery diarrhea: giardia or cryptosporidium
Bloody or watery diarrhea: Enteroinvasive e.coli (EIEC)
Bloody or watery diarrhea: enterotoxigenic e.coli (ETEC)
What are the common causes of pneumonia in children?
(runts may cough chunky sputum)
What are the two common causes of pneumonia in neonates?
What are the common causes of pneumonia in adults?
What is the bacteria that causes pneumonia in alcoholics?
Which type of bacteria is commonly found in aspiration pneumonia?
What are the three major causes of atypical pneumonia?
Pneumonia in a CF pt is probably which bacteria?
What are the major causes of pneumonia in immunocompromised pts?
Enteric gram negative rods
What are the two major causes of nosocomial pneumonia?
What are the three common causes of meningitis in neonates?
What is the #1 cause of meningitis in teenagers?
What is bacterial cause of meningitis is commonly found in all age group, besides neonates?
What is the treatment for meningitis?
ceftriaxone + vanco
What abx should be added to the treatment for acute meningitis if listeria is suspected?
true or false: HSV1 causes meningitis
false, causes encephalitis
What was the most common cause of pediatric meningitis 15 years ago?
Increased opening pressure of spinal tap + PMNs + increase protein + decreased sugar = what cause of meningitis (bacterial, viral, or fungal)?
Increased opening pressure + increased lymphocytes + increased protein + decreased sugar = what cause of meningitis (bacterial, viral, or fungal)?
Normal opening pressure + increased lymphocytes + normal protein levels + normal sugar levels = what cause of meningitis?
Osteomyelitis is most commonly caused by which bacteria?
Which sexually transmitted bacteria can cause osteomyelitis?
Osteomyelitis in DM and IV drug users is commonly caused by which bacteria?
Pseudomonas or serratia
Sickle cell pt with osteomyelitis = ?
Osteomyelitis caused by a prosthetic joint replacement = ?
S. Aureus and S. epidermidis
Osteomyelitis caused by a dog or cat bite = which bacterial cause?
Nitrate urine test is positive for UTIs caused by what type of bacteria (gram + or -)?
Leukocyte esterase test + in a urine test = UTI caused by what type of organism (viral, bacterial, or fungal)?
+ urease test on urine test = which bacteria?
Proteus or klebsiella
- urease test on urine test = which bacteria?
What are the three leading causes of UTIs in women?
Swarming on agar = which bacteria?
Blue-green pigment producing bacteria = ?
Red pigmented bacteria = ?
thin white vaginal discharge + fishy odor without inflammation = ?
Frothy, grey-green, and foul smelling discharge with inflammation = ?
Clue cells = ?
What is the treatment for BV?
What is the treatment for trichomoniasis?
What is the treatment for candida vulvovaginitis?
Thick, white "cottage cheese" vaginal discharge + inflammation = ?
What are the TORCHeS infections?
Chorioretinitis +hydrocephalus + intracranial calcifications in a neonate =?
PDA + cataracts + deafness + blueberry muffin baby = ?
Hearing loss + Szs + petechial rash + blueberry muffin rash in a neonate =?
Encephalitis + herpetic lesions in a neonate = ?
Hydrops fetalis or notched teeth, saddle nose, saber shins = ?
What is the cause of hand-foot and mouth disease?
coxsackievirus type A
vasicular rash on palsm and soles, with vesciles and ulcers in the mouth = ?
hand foot and mouth disease (caused by coxsackievirus type A)
what is the cause of roseola?
What are the symptoms of roseola?
macular rash over the body after a fever/
What is the virus that causes fifth disease (slapped cheek syndrome)?
What is virus that causes measles?
rash that begins at the head and moves down = ?
Rubella (german measles)
What are the three C's of measles?
erythematous, sandpaper like rash with fever and sore throat = ?
Scarlet fever (caused by strep pyogenes)
vesicular rash that begins on the trunk and spreads outward with lesions at different stages = ?
VZV (chicken pox)
rash the begins distally, spreads proximally, and evolves all at the same time = ?
What is the virus that causes smallpox?
What causes chancroid?
What causes condylomata acuminata?
HSV-6 and 11
What causes genital herpes (which serotypes of the herpes virus?
Painless chancre = ?
Primary Syphilis (treponema pallidum)
Fever + lymphadenopathy + skin rashes + condylomata = which STI?
Gummas + Argyll Robertson pupil = ?
Vaginitis + strawberry cervix + motile in wet prep = ?
What are the two most common causes of PID in order?
What is Hugh-Curtis syndrome?
Infection of the liver capsule and violin string adhesions of the peritoneum to the liver
What is the major nosocomial risk factor for an infection with candida albicans?
What is the major nosocomial risk factor for an infection with CMV or RSV?
Hospitalization in newborn nursery
What are the two most common nosocomial causes of UTIs caused by catheterization?
Nosocomial infection associated with source of water?
Nosocomial infection associated with respiratory equipment = ?
Rash in a child that begins at the head and moving down with post auricular adenopathy = ?
Rash that begins at the head, moves downward, and is preceded by Cough, Coryza, conjunctivitis, and koplik spots = ?
Cherry red epiglottis + dysphagia + dyspnea secondary to epiglottitis = ?
Thumbprint sign on neck x-ray = ?
Epiglottitis secondary to HIB
Grayish oropharyngeal exudate = ?
Asplenic pts are susceptible to which bugs? (3)
Branching rods in oral infection. sulfur granules = ?
What is the cause of chronic granulomatous disease?
Inability of body to form superoxide
Currant jelly sputum = ?
dog or cat bite bacteria = ?
Facial nerve palsy bacteria, also cause of lyme disease = ?
Fungal infection in DM or immunocompromised pts = ?
Mucor or Rhizopus
Which strain of hepatitis is most commonly associated with health care providers?
Neutropenic pts are predisposed to developing which fungal infection by which yeast/fungus?
What is the virus that often presents issues in transplant pts?
PAS+ bacteria = ?
Pneumonia in CF pts = ?
Hand foot and mouth disease = ?
Sepsis/meningitis in neonates = ?
Surgical wound infection is likely caused by which bacterium?