Flashcards in Behavioral Sciences Deck (43)

Loading flashcards...

1

## What is the odds ratio?

### Odds that the group with a disease was exposed to a risk factor, divided by the odds that the group without the disease was exposed a/c / b/d

2

## What is the equation for relative risk?

### risk of developing disease in the exposed group divided by the risk in the unexposed group.

3

## systemic errors cause a reduction in accuracy, or in precision?

### Accuracy

4

## What is the nonrandom assignment to participate in a study group?

### Selection bias

5

## What is the Berkson bias?

### A study looking at only inpatients

6

## What is the "loss to f/u" bias?

### Studying a disease with early mortality

7

## What is the recall bias?

### Awareness of disorder altes recall of a subject

8

## What is the measurement bias?

### Where information is gathered in a way that distorts it

9

## What is the procedure bias?

### Where subjects in the same group are not treated equally

10

## What is the observer-expectancy bias?

### Researcher's belief in the efficacy of a treatment changes the outcome

11

## What is the confounding bias?

### When a factor is related to both the exposure and outcome, but not on the causal pathway

12

## What is the lead time bias?

### Early detection is confused with increase survival rates

13

## One std deviation in a bell curve represents what percent?

### 68%

14

## What is a positive skew of the bell curve?

### Asymmetry with long tail on the right

15

## What is a type I (alpha) error?

### Seeing a relationship that does not exist

16

## What is a type II (beta) error?

### Not recognizing a relationship when one does exist

17

## What is the t test used for?

### checks difference between means of two groups

18

## What is an ANOVA test used for?

### Checks difference between means of 3 or more groups

19

## What is a chi-squared analysis used for?

### Checks difference between 2 or more percentages of populations of categorical outcomes

20

## What is primary disease prevention?

### Preventing (immunization)

21

## What is secondary disease prevention?

### Screening

22

## What is tertiary disease prevention?

### Preventing comorbidities

23

## What are the four principles of medical ethics?

###
Autonomy

Beneficence

Non-Maleficence

Justice

24

## What are the three general areas that minors do not need consent to treat for?

###
Contraception, STDs

Drug addiction

Trauma

(sex, drugs, rock and roll)

25

## True or false: for a pt to have medical decision making capacity, they must be >18 yo.

### True

26

## What are the components of the APGAR scoring?

###
Appearance

Pulse

Grimace

Activity

Respiration

27

## What is the cutoff for low birth weight?

28

## When can a child smile in response to social factors?

### 2 mo

29

## When does a child begin to develop stranger anxiety?

### 6 mo

30