Behavioral Sciences Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Behavioral Sciences Deck (43):
1

What is the odds ratio?

Odds that the group with a disease was exposed to a risk factor, divided by the odds that the group without the disease was exposed a/c / b/d

2

What is the equation for relative risk?

risk of developing disease in the exposed group divided by the risk in the unexposed group.

3

systemic errors cause a reduction in accuracy, or in precision?

Accuracy

4

What is the nonrandom assignment to participate in a study group?

Selection bias

5

What is the Berkson bias?

A study looking at only inpatients

6

What is the "loss to f/u" bias?

Studying a disease with early mortality

7

What is the recall bias?

Awareness of disorder altes recall of a subject

8

What is the measurement bias?

Where information is gathered in a way that distorts it

9

What is the procedure bias?

Where subjects in the same group are not treated equally

10

What is the observer-expectancy bias?

Researcher's belief in the efficacy of a treatment changes the outcome

11

What is the confounding bias?

When a factor is related to both the exposure and outcome, but not on the causal pathway

12

What is the lead time bias?

Early detection is confused with increase survival rates

13

One std deviation in a bell curve represents what percent?

68%

14

What is a positive skew of the bell curve?

Asymmetry with long tail on the right

15

What is a type I (alpha) error?

Seeing a relationship that does not exist

16

What is a type II (beta) error?

Not recognizing a relationship when one does exist

17

What is the t test used for?

checks difference between means of two groups

18

What is an ANOVA test used for?

Checks difference between means of 3 or more groups

19

What is a chi-squared analysis used for?

Checks difference between 2 or more percentages of populations of categorical outcomes

20

What is primary disease prevention?

Preventing (immunization)

21

What is secondary disease prevention?

Screening

22

What is tertiary disease prevention?

Preventing comorbidities

23

What are the four principles of medical ethics?

Autonomy
Beneficence
Non-Maleficence
Justice

24

What are the three general areas that minors do not need consent to treat for?

Contraception, STDs
Drug addiction
Trauma

(sex, drugs, rock and roll)

25

True or false: for a pt to have medical decision making capacity, they must be >18 yo.

True

26

What are the components of the APGAR scoring?

Appearance
Pulse
Grimace
Activity
Respiration

27

What is the cutoff for low birth weight?

28

When can a child smile in response to social factors?

2 mo

29

When does a child begin to develop stranger anxiety?

6 mo

30

When does a child develop separation anxiety?

9 mo

31

When does a child develop object permanence?

9 mo

32

When does a child being to point to objects?

12 mo

33

When does the babinski reflex become up going?

12 mo

34

When can a child climb up stairs?

18 months

35

When can a child feed him/herself with fork and spoon?

2 years

36

When can a child kick a ball?

2 years

37

When does a child begin to demonstrate rapprochement?

2 years

38

How many words are in a 2 year old's vocabulary?

200 ish

39

When can a child hop on one foot?

4 yo

40

When can a child spend a day away from their parents comfortably?`

3 years

41

When does a child begin to develop friendships?

4 yo

42

How many words are in a 3 year old's vocabulary?

1000 (10^3)

43

When can a child tell detailed stories?

4 years