Flashcards in Miscellaneous Deck (13)
Chvostek's sign indicated....
Chvostek's sign = facial spasms in response to tapping in front of the tragus
Classic symptoms of hypercalcaemia
A 3 1/2 year old boy with learning difficulties is brought to the GP for his routine immunizations. He has seen the GP a few times previously for constipation, but is otherwise generally healthy and takes no medicines.
On inspection, the boy has a prominent skin fold across his upper eyelid, one line across his palm and a big gap between his first and second toes. There are white dots visible at the edge of his irises.
Which of the following conditions is this child at increased risk of developing, compared to the general population?
Has Down's Syndrome
Trisomy C/S 21
At risk of:
- Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia
- Alzheimer's Disease
A person with a c/s 3 mutation is at risk of developing which malignancies?
C/3 mut = Von Hippel Lindau Syndrome
At risk of:
- Renal Cell Carcinomas (Bilateral)
J Wave ECG
Omeprazole can interfere with levels of a) and b)
Causes of macrocytosis (macrocytic anaemia)
Chronic Liver Disease
Folic acid deficiency
Finger clubbing is seen in...
Other chronic lung/ heart diseases/ liver failure
High neutrophil count
- infection, inflammation, trauma
- Appendicitis, MI, bacteria
- CML: proliferation of neutrophils
Low neutrophil count
pANCA antibodies indicate
Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
cANCA antibodies + cavitating lesions indicate
Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis aka Wegner's
- coughing blood
- cavitating lesions
Lung and Kidneys