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Flashcards in Miscellaneous Deck (13)
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1

Chvostek's sign indicated....

Hypocalcaemia

Chvostek's sign = facial spasms in response to tapping in front of the tragus

2

Classic symptoms of hypercalcaemia

Constipation
Polyuria
Low mood

3

A 3 1/2 year old boy with learning difficulties is brought to the GP for his routine immunizations. He has seen the GP a few times previously for constipation, but is otherwise generally healthy and takes no medicines.

On inspection, the boy has a prominent skin fold across his upper eyelid, one line across his palm and a big gap between his first and second toes. There are white dots visible at the edge of his irises.

Which of the following conditions is this child at increased risk of developing, compared to the general population?

Has Down's Syndrome

Trisomy C/S 21

At risk of:

- Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia

- Alzheimer's Disease

4

A person with a c/s 3 mutation is at risk of developing which malignancies?

C/3 mut = Von Hippel Lindau Syndrome

At risk of:

- Renal Cell Carcinomas (Bilateral)

- Pheochromocytomas

5

J Wave ECG

Hypothermia

6

Omeprazole can interfere with levels of a) and b)

a) methotrexate
b) clopidogrel

7

Causes of macrocytosis (macrocytic anaemia)

Chronic alcoholism
Chronic Liver Disease
B12 deficiency
Folic acid deficiency
Hypothyroidism

8

Finger clubbing is seen in...

LUNG CANCER

IPF
CA
Crohn's
Liver failure

Other chronic lung/ heart diseases/ liver failure

9

Neutrophilia

Causes

High neutrophil count

Response to:
- infection, inflammation, trauma
- Appendicitis, MI, bacteria

- CML: proliferation of neutrophils

10

Neutropenia

Causes

Low neutrophil count

Result of:
- immunosuppression
- cancer
- AIDs

11

pANCA antibodies indicate

Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with polyangiitis

12

cANCA antibodies + cavitating lesions indicate

Presentations?

Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis aka Wegner's

- coughing blood
- cavitating lesions
- haematuria
- proteinuria

Lung and Kidneys

13

Bechet's disease

recurrent oral ulcers
genital ulcers