Module 1: What is Psychology? Flashcards Preview

A.P. Psychology > Module 1: What is Psychology? > Flashcards

Flashcards in Module 1: What is Psychology? Deck (34):
1

Aristotle

theorized about learning, memory, motivation, emotion

2

Wundt

studied time difference between hearing a sound and being consciously aware of the sound (first psychology laboratory)

3

structuralism

uses introspection to revel structure of human mind
Wundt and Titchener

4

functionalism

how mental and behavioral processes function, allowing organisms to adapt, survive, and flourish
James

5

James

functions developed by adaptive means
wrote Principles of Psychology

6

Calkins

memory researcher who studied under James
first female president of American Psychological Association

7

Washburn

first female to receive Ph.D in psychology
wrote The Animal Mind
APA's second female president
studied under Titchener

8

1900s definition of psychology

science of mental life

9

1920s psychology

scientific study of observable behavior

10

notable behaviorists

Watson, Rayner, Skinner

11

Freudian Psychology

how behavior is effected by unconscious thoughts and emotional responses to childhood

12

1960s psychology

humanistic - how environment influences growth potential

13

notable humanists

Rogers and Maslow

14

1960s Cognitive Revolution

return to interest in mental processes

15

cognitive psychology

how we perceive, process, and remember information

16

cognitive neuroscience

joins science of the mind and science of the brain
studies brain activity underlying mind activity

17

modern psychology

science of behavior and mental processes

18

nature vs. nurture

debate on whether genetics or environment is responsible for behavior

19

which Greek philosopher supported nature?

Plato

20

which Greek philosopher supported nurture?

Aristotle

21

what did Darwin publish in 1859?

On the Origin of Species

22

natural selection

nature selects traits that best allow organisms to survive and reproduce in a specific environment

23

evolutionary psychology asks

how are humans alike because of common biology?

24

behavior genetics asks

how are we different because of our genes and environment

25

culture

behavior, ideas, attitudes, values, and traditions shared by a group of people and passed down through generations

26

positive psychology

research and focus on human flourishing
Seligman

27

levels of analysis

differing complementary views

28

biopsychosocial approach

incorporates all levels of analysis to get more complete view

29

basic research

pure science that aims to increase scientific knowledge base

30

applied research

dealing with practical problems

31

counseling psychologists

help people deal with problems

32

clinical psychologists

asses/treat people with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders

33

psychiatrists

MDs, can prescribe medicine

34

community psychologists

work to create social/physical environments that are healthy for all