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A.P. Psychology > Memory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Memory Deck (71)
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1

memory

retention of info over time through process of encoding, storage, and retrieval

2

encoding

getting info into the memory system

3

storage

maintenance of encoded info over time

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retrieval

getting info out of storage

5

visual encoding

encoding of images

6

example of visual encoding

method of loci

7

method of loci

associating new things with familiar locations (memory palace)

8

acoustic encoding

encoding of sound

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semantic encoding

encoding of meaning

10

automatic processing

unconscious encoding of incidental info (space, time)

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effortful processing

encoding requires attention and conscious effort

12

rehearsal

conscious repetition of info (effortful processing)

13

ebbinghaus and rehearsal

more time her rehearsed on day one, less time it took to relearn on day two

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maintenance rehearsal

rehearse to store info in memory

15

elaborative rehearsal

make connection between new info and what you already know

16

spacing effect

we remember info better when rehearsal is distributed over period of time

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levels of processing

shallow and deep

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sensory memory

initial brief recording of sensory info

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two types of sensory memory

iconic and echoic

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iconic memory

brief sensory memory of visual stimuli

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what did george sperling's experiment prove about iconic memory

it is very brief, but also very detailed

22

echoic memory

brief sensory memory of auditory stimuli (3-4 seconds)

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short term memory

hold a limited amount of items for a brief period of time

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capacity of STM

7 plus or minus 2, for 2-30 seconds

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chunking

organizing items into familiar manageeable units

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interference

can hold info in STM unless new info comes in

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long term memory

relatively permanent and limitless storage of info

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parts of LTM

explicit and implicit

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explicit memory (declarative)

memory of facts and experiences

30

types of explicit memory

semantic and episodic