Module 10: Drugs and Consciousness Flashcards Preview

A.P. Psychology > Module 10: Drugs and Consciousness > Flashcards

Flashcards in Module 10: Drugs and Consciousness Deck (29):
1

substance use disorder

continued substance craving/use despite life disruption/risk

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psychoactive drugs

chemical substances that change perception and mood

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psychoactive drugs work by

stimulating/inhibiting neurotransmitters

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tolerance

decrease effect of the drug with continued use, requires more of drug to get same effect

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neuroadaptation

brain's chemistry adapts to offset drug's effect

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addiction

craving/use of a substance despite consequences

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withdrawel

discomfort/distress from discontinuation of using an addictive drug

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physical dependence

physiological need for substance signified by tolerance and withdrawal

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depressants

drugs that reduce neural activity and slow body functions

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barbiturates

drugss that depress CNS activity, reducing anxiety but impairing memory/judgement

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opiates

opium/derivatives that depress neural activity temporarily lessening pain and anxiety

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as tolerance to opiates develops

body stops producing endorphines

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stimulants

drugs that excite neural activity and speed up body functions

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amphetamines

drugss that stimulate neural activity causing speeded up body functions and associated energy and mood changes

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nicotine

stimulating and highly addictive psychoactivee drug in tobacco

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cocaine

produces temprarily increased alertness and euphoria; blocks reuptake of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin

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methamphetamine

stimulates CNS causing speeded up body functions, energy, mood changes
triggers release of dopamine

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ecstasy (MDMA)

synthetic stimulant, mild hallucinogen; produces euphoria and social intimacy

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repeated use of ecstasy can

destroy serotonin producing neurons, impairs memory

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ecstasy triggers

dopamine and serotonin release, blocks reuptake of serotonin

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hallucinogens

psychadelic drugs that distort perception and cause snsory images without sensory input

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near death experiences

altered state of consciousness reported after close brush with death - similar to drug-induced hallucinogens

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LSD

powerful hallucinogenic drug

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THC

major active ingredient in marijuana

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hypnosis

hypnotists suggests person will experience change in sensation, perception, thoughts, feelings, behavior

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Franz Mesmer

harnessed animal magnetism

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posthypnotic suggestion

suggestions made during hypnosis to be carried out after session ends

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social influence theory

people tend to do what is expected of them - pretend to be hypnotized

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divided consciousness

dissociation - split in consciousness