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Flashcards in Module 5 Deck (40):
1

Medications are administered under ____________________

MEDICAL DIRECTION

2

The study of drugs is called ______________

PHARMACOLOGY

3

What are the four drugs that are carried on the ambulance?

OXYGEN
ORAL GLUCOSE
ACTIVATED CHARCOAL
ASPRIN

4

___________________ is a medical gas

OXYGEN

5

Brain cells require an uninterrupted supply of ___________

GLUCOSE

6

____________ may be administered to diabetics with low blood glucose levels

ORAL GLUCOSE

7

____________ is a fine black powder

ACTIVATED CHARCOAL

8

______________ may be administered in some cases of ingested poisoning to absorb the poison and prevent its absorption into the body

ACTIVATED CHARCOAL

9

______________ is administered to patients with chest discomfort or pain related to a lack of oxygen supplied to the heart

ASPRIN

10

_______________ may prevent complete blockage of coronary arteries by interfering with platelet function

ASPRIN

11

What are thee medications that EMTs can give that are held by patients?

INHALED BRONCHODIALTORS
EPINEPHRINE
NITROGLYCERIN

12

______________ is prescribed to patients with chronic respiratory disease

INHALED BRONCHODILATORS

13

________________ is gien by metered dose inhaler or small volume nebulizer

INHALED BRONCHODILATORS

14

emtS MAY ONLY administer drugs that are ____________________

beta 2 or agonist

15

____________________ is used by cardiac patients

NITROGLUCERN

16

______________________ dilates blood vessels to reduce workload of the heart and allow increased blood flow to the heart muscle

NITROGLYCERIN

17

________________________ is a major side effect of nitroglycerin

HYPOTENSION

18

__________ must not be given to patients who have recently taken drugs for erectile dysfunction

NITROGLYCERIN

19

______________ is used to treat severe allergic reactions

EPINEPHRINE

20

______________ reverses vasodilation, broncoconstriction, and increased capillary permeability through actions on the sympathetic nervous system

EPINEPHRINE

21

Patients with severe allergies may carry an ______________________

EPINEPHRINE AUTOINJECTION

22

What are the four drugs categories?

CHEMICAL
GENERIC
TRADE
OFFICIAL

23

The ________________ is how the medication is given to or taken by the patient

ROUTE

24

The ________________ affects how fast the medication is absorbed by the body and its effect

ROUTE

25

What are the four routes that EMTs can give?

SUBLINGUAL
ORAL
INHALATION
INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION

26

_______________ is the route in which the medication is placed beneath the patient's tongue, where it is dissolved and absorbed

SUBLINGUAL ROUTE

27

The ____________ route is used only in alert patients

SUBLINGUAL

28

_______________ route is used to administer nitroglycerin tablets and spray

SUBLINGUAL

29

The ___________________ route, besides the sublingual route, is used only in alert patients

ORAL ROUTE

30

______________________ requires use of a needle, and the drug is injected into a muscle mass for absorption

INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION

31

For each medication, you must know what six things?

INDICATIONS
CONTRAINDICATIONS
DOSE
ADMINISTRATION
ACTIONS
SIDE EFFECTS

32

__________________ are the most common uses of the drug in treating a specific condition

INDICATIONs

33

______________ is when not to administer a medication

CONTRAINDICTION

34

______________ is the amount of medication

THE DOSE

35

__________________ is effect the drug has on the body

ACTION

36

The ____________________ is the intended positive response by the body

THERAPUTIC EFFET

37

The ______________________ is how the drug works to create its effect on the body

MECHANISM OF ACTION

38

What are the eight steps in administering medication?

OBTAIN AN ORDER FROM MEDICAL DIRECTION

SELECT THE PROPER MEDICATION

VERIFY THE PATIENT'S PRESCRIPTION

CHECK THE EXPIRATION DATE

check for discoloration or impurities

VERIFY THE FORM, ROUTE, AND DOSE

CHECK THE FIVE RIGHTS OF MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION

DOCUMENTATION

39

You must ______________ the patient after medication administration

REASSESS

40

What are the five rights?

RIGHT DOSE
RIGHT AMOUNT
RIGHT TIME
RIGHT PLACE
RIGHT SOMETHING ELSE
TO BE CONTINUED