Patient Assesment: TRAUMA Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Patient Assesment: TRAUMA Deck (18):
1

What is the first thing to do when assessing a trauma patient?

Take or verbalize appropriate body substance isolation precautions

2

What are the five steps of the scene size up?

Determine the scene/situation safety

Determine the mechanism of injury

Determine the number of patients

Request additional EMS assistance if necessary

Consider spinal stabilization

3

What are the four steps during the initial primary survey?

Verbalize the general impression of the patient

Determine the level of responsiveness

Determine the chief complaint or apparent life threats

Assess the ABC'S

4

What are the two things you do when assessing the airway?

Open and asses the airway, and insert or verbalize inserting an adjunct

5

What are the four things you do when assessing the breathing?

Assess the breathing

Assure adequate ventilation

Initiate appropriate oxygen therapy

Manage any injury that may compromise breathing

6

What are the four things you do when assessing circulation?

Check the pulse

Assess the skin

Assess for and control major bleeding

Initiate shock management (conserve body heat)

7

After the primary survey, what should the EMT do?

Identify patient priority and make treatment/transport decision based on the GCS

8

Attempt to obtain a _____________

SAMPLE HISTORY

9

During the secondary assessment and assessing the head, what three things must be assessed?

Inspect and palpate the scalp and ears

inspects the mouth, nose, and assesses the facial area

Assess the eyes

10

During the secondary assessment and assessing the neck, what three things must be done?

Check the position of the tachea

Check the jugular vein

Palpate the cervical spine

11

During the secondary assessment and assessing the chest, what three things must be done?

Inspect the chest

Palpat the chest

Auscultate the chest

12

During the secondary assessment and assessing the abdomen/pelvis, what three things must be done?

Inspect and plapate the abdomen

Assess the pelvis

Verbalize assessment of the genitalia

13

During the secondary assessment and assessing the lower extremities, what must be assessed?

Inspect, palpate, and assess motor, sensory and distal circulatory functions

14

During the secondary assessment and assessing the upper extremities what must be assessed?

Inspect, palpate, and assess motor, sensory and distal circulatory functions

15

During the secondary assessment and assessing the posterior thorax, lumbar and buttocks, what two things must be done?

Inspect and palpate the posterior thorax

Inspect and palpate lumbar buttocks area

16

What must the EMT do after the secondary assessment?

Take the vital signs

17

What two things must be done when taking the vital signs?

Obtain the BP P and R

Manage secondary injuries and wounds appropriately

18

What six things must be done when assessing a trauma patient?

SCENE SIZE UP

PRIMARY SURVEY

HISTORY TAKING

SECONDARY ASSESSMENT

VITAL SIGNS

REASSESSMENT