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Flashcards in Module Four Deck (72):
1

_____________________ helps you find out what is wrong with the patient and decide what care should be provided

PATIENT ASSESMENT

2

Measuring _____________ over time reveals trends in the patient's condition

VITAL SIGNS

3

The patient's _________________ helps you understand his underlying problems

HISTORY

4

When you arrive at the scene of an emergency call, you must _________________ about the patient's condition

GATHER INFORMATION

5

_______________ are the outward clues about what is happening in the body

VITAL SIGNS

6

REspiration
PUlse
Skin
Pupils
Blood pressure
Pulse oximetry

These are the what?

The vital signs

7

_____________ vital signs are the first set of measurements taken

BASELINE

8

Later findings are compared to the baseline to detect ___________

TRENDS

9

Some vitals are detected by ______________

LOOKING, LISTENING, AND FEELING

10

For adults, the respiratory rate is _________________ breaths per minute

12-20

11

Respiratory rates for adults that are less than ____________ or greater than ________ are of concern

8

24

12

When determining the respiratory rate, count the breaths in ___________ seconds and multiply by ________

30 seconds

2

13

A breath is one ___________ + one _________

INHALATION

EXHALATION

14

Ventilate an adult patient breathing at a rate greater than _____________ per minute or an infant or young child breathing at a rate greater than __________ per minute

40

60

15

_________________ occurs and the rate cannot be maintained if they are breathing outside of the normal limits

FATIGUE

16

___________ respiration includes snoring, gurgling, stridor or crowing, wheezing, crackles, and rhonchi

NOISY

17

_______________ is the regularity or irregularity of respirations

respiratory rhythm

18

An______________ in a patient with an altered mental status is a serious concern

ABNORMAL PATTERN

19

The _______________ is the pressure wave generated by the contraction is of the left ventricle, anddirectly reflects heart function

PULSE

20

Where are the pulse locations ?

CAROTID

FEMORAL

BRACHIAL

POPLITEAL

POSTERIOR TIBIAL

DORSALIS PEDIS

21

If a patient is one year or older, check the ______________ pulse

RADIAL

22

If a patient is one year or older without a peripheral pulse, check the __________ pulse

CAROTID

23

If a patient is less than one year of age, check the _____________ pulse

BRACHIAL

24

The pulse rate for adults, the average range is _____________________ beats per minute (resting)

60-80

25

Tachycardia is a heart rate greater than _____________

100 bpm

26

Bradycardia is a heart rate less than ________ beats per minute

60

27

To obtain the pulse rate, palpate the pulse with the tips of ________ or __________ fingers

TWO OR THREE

28

How to you record pulse? What kinds of pulse?

STRONG

WEAK

REGULAR

IRREGULAR

29

When assessing the appearance and condition of the skin, what are the four things you are looking for?

color

temperature

condition

capillary refill

30

What are the four normal skin characteristics?

pink

warm

dry

capillary refill time (usually less than two seconds)

31

Cool, clammy skin is an early sign of ________

SHOCK

32

You check the pupils for what three things?

SIZE

EQUALITY

REACTIVITY TO LIGHT

33

____________ is the force of blood against arterial walls

BLOOD PRESSURE

34

_______________ blood pressure is the higher pressure present during contraction of the left ventricle

SYSTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE

35

___________ pressure reflects ejection of blood from the left ventricle

SYSTOLIC

36

____________ pressure reflects vascular resistance and blood volume

DIASTOLIC

37

Take a blood pressure in all patients ___________ years and older

THREE

38

Low blood pressure is an indicator of _________________

HYPOPERFUSION

39

High blood pressure can damage the ____________________

HEART AND VESSELS

40

How many numbers do you get when you calculate a "palpated" blood pressure?

ONE

41

How do you write a palpated blood pressure?

110/p

42

______________ vital signs are assessed in patients with suspected volume loss

orthostatic

43

W HEN TAKING ORTHOSTATIC VITAL SIGNS, OBTAIN BLOOD PRESSURE FIRST WITH THE PATIENT _______________ , AND THEN ____________ MINUTES AFTER HE STANDS UP

supine

two

44

A positive orthostatic changes are a drop in systolic BP of ______ to _____ mmHg

10-20

45

A positive orthostatic change is an increase in heart rate greater than ______ to _____ bpm

10-20

46

Reassess vital signs every _______ minutes for stable patients

15

47

Reassess vital signs every ___________ minutes for unstable patients

5

48

_______________ detects hypoxia by measureing the amount of oxygen in the blood

PULSE OXIMETRY

49

An SpO2 less than ___________ percent indicates hypoxia

94 PERCENT

50

An Sp02 less than _____________ percent indicates severe hypoxia

90 PERCENT

51

Use _______________ in conjunction with other assessments to determine what interventions are needed

PULSE OXIMETRY

52

_____________ may be inaccurate in these instances::

Shock

Hypothermia

Excessive patient movement

Nail polish

Carbon monoxide exposure, including from cigarette smoking

Anemia

PULSE OXIMETRY

53

A ________________________ can be set to reassess the blood pressure at selected intervals, or can be activated manully

NONINVASIVE BLOOD PRESSURE

54

Alarms can be set to signal pressures that exceed or fall below set upper and lower limites in __________________

NONINVASIVE BLOOD PRESSURE

55

When preparing to take the history, obtain _____________ from the person providing care before your arrival

INFORMAITION

56

The history begins with the reason why EMS was called, which is the ______________

CHIEF COMPLAINT

57

The history helps to guide the physical _______________

EXAMINAITON

58

The best person to get the history form is the __________________

patient

59

Take _________________ to document importan information

NOTES

60

________________ ended questions can yield information, but _____________ ended questions are also usefule

OPEN

CLOSED

61

____________ is a mnemonic to help you remember what information to gather

SAMPLE

62

What does SAMPLE stand for?

SYMPTOMS

ALLERGIES

MEDICATION

PERTITENT PAST HISTORY

LAST ORAL INTAKE

E

63

What does the acronym OPQRST stand for?

ONSET

PROVOCATION

QUALITY

RADIATION

SEVERITY

TIME

64

The mnemonic _____________helps you evaluate the signs and symptoms

OPQRST

65

What are the three basic goals of scene size up?

IDENTIFY HAZARDS

DETERMINE THE NATURE OF THE PROBLEM

RECOGNIZE THE NEED FOR ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

66

Use the ____________ level of PPE being used by other personnel

SAME

67

Ensuring scene safety is a dynamic and ________________ process

ONGOING

68

Scene safety requires EMT ____________

LEADERSHIP

69

___________________ is how the patient was injured

MOI

70

Use the ______________ to develop the extent of the injury

MOI

71

A significant impact is a deformity to the vehicle greater than ____________ inches

20

72

A significant impact is an intrusion into the _____________ compartment

PASSENGER