Flashcards in Module Four Deck (72):
_____________________ helps you find out what is wrong with the patient and decide what care should be provided
Measuring _____________ over time reveals trends in the patient's condition
The patient's _________________ helps you understand his underlying problems
When you arrive at the scene of an emergency call, you must _________________ about the patient's condition
_______________ are the outward clues about what is happening in the body
These are the what?
The vital signs
_____________ vital signs are the first set of measurements taken
Later findings are compared to the baseline to detect ___________
Some vitals are detected by ______________
LOOKING, LISTENING, AND FEELING
For adults, the respiratory rate is _________________ breaths per minute
Respiratory rates for adults that are less than ____________ or greater than ________ are of concern
When determining the respiratory rate, count the breaths in ___________ seconds and multiply by ________
A breath is one ___________ + one _________
Ventilate an adult patient breathing at a rate greater than _____________ per minute or an infant or young child breathing at a rate greater than __________ per minute
_________________ occurs and the rate cannot be maintained if they are breathing outside of the normal limits
___________ respiration includes snoring, gurgling, stridor or crowing, wheezing, crackles, and rhonchi
_______________ is the regularity or irregularity of respirations
An______________ in a patient with an altered mental status is a serious concern
The _______________ is the pressure wave generated by the contraction is of the left ventricle, anddirectly reflects heart function
Where are the pulse locations ?
If a patient is one year or older, check the ______________ pulse
If a patient is one year or older without a peripheral pulse, check the __________ pulse
If a patient is less than one year of age, check the _____________ pulse
The pulse rate for adults, the average range is _____________________ beats per minute (resting)
Tachycardia is a heart rate greater than _____________
Bradycardia is a heart rate less than ________ beats per minute
To obtain the pulse rate, palpate the pulse with the tips of ________ or __________ fingers
TWO OR THREE
How to you record pulse? What kinds of pulse?
When assessing the appearance and condition of the skin, what are the four things you are looking for?
What are the four normal skin characteristics?
capillary refill time (usually less than two seconds)
Cool, clammy skin is an early sign of ________
You check the pupils for what three things?
REACTIVITY TO LIGHT
____________ is the force of blood against arterial walls
_______________ blood pressure is the higher pressure present during contraction of the left ventricle
SYSTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE
___________ pressure reflects ejection of blood from the left ventricle
____________ pressure reflects vascular resistance and blood volume
Take a blood pressure in all patients ___________ years and older
Low blood pressure is an indicator of _________________
High blood pressure can damage the ____________________
HEART AND VESSELS
How many numbers do you get when you calculate a "palpated" blood pressure?
How do you write a palpated blood pressure?
______________ vital signs are assessed in patients with suspected volume loss
W HEN TAKING ORTHOSTATIC VITAL SIGNS, OBTAIN BLOOD PRESSURE FIRST WITH THE PATIENT _______________ , AND THEN ____________ MINUTES AFTER HE STANDS UP
A positive orthostatic changes are a drop in systolic BP of ______ to _____ mmHg
A positive orthostatic change is an increase in heart rate greater than ______ to _____ bpm
Reassess vital signs every _______ minutes for stable patients
Reassess vital signs every ___________ minutes for unstable patients
_______________ detects hypoxia by measureing the amount of oxygen in the blood
An SpO2 less than ___________ percent indicates hypoxia
An Sp02 less than _____________ percent indicates severe hypoxia
Use _______________ in conjunction with other assessments to determine what interventions are needed
_____________ may be inaccurate in these instances::
Excessive patient movement
Carbon monoxide exposure, including from cigarette smoking
A ________________________ can be set to reassess the blood pressure at selected intervals, or can be activated manully
NONINVASIVE BLOOD PRESSURE
Alarms can be set to signal pressures that exceed or fall below set upper and lower limites in __________________
NONINVASIVE BLOOD PRESSURE
When preparing to take the history, obtain _____________ from the person providing care before your arrival
The history begins with the reason why EMS was called, which is the ______________
The history helps to guide the physical _______________
The best person to get the history form is the __________________
Take _________________ to document importan information
________________ ended questions can yield information, but _____________ ended questions are also usefule
____________ is a mnemonic to help you remember what information to gather
What does SAMPLE stand for?
PERTITENT PAST HISTORY
LAST ORAL INTAKE
What does the acronym OPQRST stand for?
The mnemonic _____________helps you evaluate the signs and symptoms
What are the three basic goals of scene size up?
DETERMINE THE NATURE OF THE PROBLEM
RECOGNIZE THE NEED FOR ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
Use the ____________ level of PPE being used by other personnel
Ensuring scene safety is a dynamic and ________________ process
Scene safety requires EMT ____________
___________________ is how the patient was injured
Use the ______________ to develop the extent of the injury
A significant impact is a deformity to the vehicle greater than ____________ inches