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Flashcards in Module Two Deck (52):
1

The functions of the body are called its __________________

PHYSIOLOGY

2

The structure of the body is referred to as its ___________________

ANATOMY

3

The normal anatomical position is best described as ________________

A person standing, facing forward, palms forward

4

An imaginary line down the center of the body that passes between the eyes and extends down through the navel is the ______________________

MIDLINE

5

The term that refers to a position closer to the midline is ____________________

MEDIAL

6

An opposite of anterior is _______________

POSTERIOR

7

The lateral recumbent position is also known as the _________________

SUPINE POSITION

8

The Fowler's position is usally achieved by elevating the patient's upper body to a _________________

45-60 degree angle

9

The spinal region that is most prone to injury is the __________________

CERVICAL

10

The clavicle is commonly referred to as the ___________________

COLLARBONE

11

The scapula and acromion are parts of the ___________________

SHOULDER

12

Inferiorly, the knee connects with what?

The ulna and tibia

13

The body contains how many types of muscle?

three

14

What is the structure that carries air downward from the larynx to the lungs?

TRACHEA

15

What is the chamber of the heart that pumps oxygen rich blood out for distribution to the rest of the body?

LEFT VENTRICLE

16

What is the major artery leading from the heart?

AORTA

17

What is the pulse that is located in the foot?

DORSALIS PEDIS

18

The blood vessels where gases, nutrients, and waste products are exchanged between body's cells and the blood stream are the __________________

CAPILLARIES

19

The elements of the blood that are part of the body's immune system and help to defend against infection are _______________

WHITE BLOOD CELLS

20

The pressure created in the arteries when blood is forced out of the heart is referred to as __________________

SYSTOLIC

21

The adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients to the organs and tissues of the body, with the removal of waste products, is called _________________

perfusion

22

The central nervous system is made up of the brain and the _____________

SPINAL CORD

23

The skin layer rich with blood vessels, nerves, and specialized structures such as sweat glands and sebaceous glands is the ______________

DERMIS

24

The endocrine system produces chemicals called _____________

hormones

25

Body functions such as digestion, heart rate, and the activities of involuntary muscles are controlled by the ______________________

AUTONOMIC

26

Use of the _________________ ensures that health care providers will employ the same point of reference when terms of direction and location are used

NORMAL ANATOMICAL POSITION

27

An ____________________ is the kind of flat surface that would be formed if you sliced straight through an imaginary human body

ANATOMICAL PLANE

28

The _____________________ is drawn vertically from the middle of the armpit to the ankle

MIDAXILLARY LINE

29

The elbow is _______________________ to the shoulder because the elbow is farther away from the torso than the shoulder

DISTAL

30

The nose is __________________ to the mouth

SUPERIOR

31

When a patient is lying on his back with legs elevated higher than the head and body on an inclined plane, he is in the _________________ position

TRENDELENBURG POSITION

32

Bones are connected to bones by _____________________

LIGAMENTS

33

Muscles are connected to bones by _________________

TENDONS

34

The top, back, and sides of the skull plus the forehead make up the _______________

CRANIUM

35

The spinal column is made up of blocks of bone called ________________

VERTEBRE

36

The __________________ is composed of the ribs, the sternum, and a portion of the spine

THORAX

37

The _______________ consists of the acetabulum and the ball of the head of the femur

HIP JOINT

38

The elbow is an example of a ______________ joint

hinge

39

The property that allows the heart to generate and conduct electrical impulses on its own is _____________________

AUTOMATICITY

40

During respiration, gas exchange with the bloodstream takes place in the small sacs called __________________

AVEOLI

41

The section of the respiratory cycle in which the intercostal muscles and diaphragm relax is known as __________________

EXHALATION

42

The respiratory anatomy of infants and children differs from that of adults in that the ___________________ is narrower, softer, and more flexible

TRACHEA

43

Because the chest walls of infants and children are softer, they rely more on the _________________ for breathing

DIAPHRAGM

44

The upper chambers of the heart are the ______________

ATRIA

45

The lower chambers of the heart are the ________________

VENTRICLES

46

The __________________ carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart

PULMONARY VEINS

47

The elements of the blood that are essential to the formation of blood clots are ____________

PLATELETS

48

When the left ventricle of the heart is relaxing and refilling, the pressure remaining in the arteries is the _________________ pressure

DIASTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE

49

_______________ and __________________ are two names for the condition that results when adequate supplies of oxygen are not delivered to and waste products are not removed from all the body's tissues

HYPO PERFUSION AND SHOCK

50

The peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves located outside of the ________________ and _______________

BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD

51

What are the layers of the skin?

The epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous layers

52

The ___________________ produces chemicals called hormones that help to regulate many body activities and functions

ENDOCRINE SYSTEM