Module 9 Exam 2 (part 2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 9 Exam 2 (part 2) Deck (38):
1

what are the major endocrine glands

pineal, hypothalmus, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroids, thymus, pancreas, adrenals, and gonads

2

What is the master gland and why is it called that

anterior pituitary, regulates output of hormones by other glands

3

What are the 3 stages of adolescence

early ages 10-13
middle ages 14-17
late ages 18-21

4

What age group has the highest incidence of caries than any other age group

adolescence

5

what is the high caries rate in adolesence related to?

eating habits, frequency, demands of rapid growth, emotional issues, peer pressures, cariogenic foods selected

6

what should we know about biofilm induced gingivitis during puberty

-incidence and severity may increase
-exaggerated response to biofilm

7

what are risk factors for periodontitis is adolescents

-supra and sub calc
-untreated caries
-ortho appliances
-OH
-infrequent/inadequeate DH care
-use of tobacco
-systemic diseases
-geneitc factors
-host immune factors

8

periodontal diseases in adolescents may be classified as

chronic or agressive

9

Loss of perio attachment and supporting bone is evident in how many adolesents in the world

5 to 47%

10

What are LAP and GAP caused by

both have a familial tendency and may have neutrophil dysfunction with a compromised immune response

11

What is Localized Aggressive Periodontitis

severe bone loss involving the first permanent molars and incisors, with proximal surface attachment loss on at least 2 permanent teeth

12

when is LAP first diagnosed

in the circupubertal years

13

What is the pathogenic microorganism of etiologic importance in LAP

actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (AA)

14

What is Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis

generalized proximal surface attachment loss affecting at least 3 permanent teeth other than the first molars and incisors

15

who does GAP occur in

persons under 30 years of age

16

What should an adolescent patient be educated on with dental biofilm control

-causes and prevention of dental caries
-effects of biofilm accumulation
-purposes of professional calc removal
-daily self care and its relation to oral tissue health

17

what should be included in a total caries control program in dental biofilm control

-educated about fluoride and need to restrict cariogenic foods

18

Is a fluoride tx program recommended for adolescents

yes, especially if they have not had the benefit of a fluoride water supply

19

How can a dietary assessment help adolescents?

it can provide an important learning experience, put responsibility on adolescent

20

What kinds of dietary suggestion can be given to adolescents?

-advise foods from the MyPlate
-emphasize a nutritious breakfast
-snack selection (nutritious foods, with recognition of cariogenic foods)
-suggest reading labels (become aware of serving size and nutrition

21

what are the contraindications for contraceptives

- circulatory problems
-liver disease
-cancer of breast
-severe migraine headaches
-pregnancy or lactation

22

what are the side effects of contraception related to

incorrect use of the drug rather than hormonal effects

23

What are some side effects that occur in some women o contraceptives

visual problems, mental depression, rashes, bleeding irregularity

24

What are the most significant side effects of contraceptives?

-cardiovascular
-weight gain
-decreased effectiveness when certain drugs are used including antibiotics, anticonvulsants, and rifampin

25

What is the effect on the gingiva of oral contraceptives

-exaggerated response to dental biofilm and other local irritants

26

What are some appointment considerations with a patient on contraceptives

-potential oral side effects of conraceptives
-need for exceptional personal care and regular maintenance appts to prevent complications

27

What are gingival concerns in a patient with menopause

-exaggerated response to biofilm
-hormonal changes influence oral tissue response
-menopausal gingivostomatitis may develop

28

how may the gingival tissues appear in someone with menopause

-shiny and may vary in color from paleness to redness, dryness with burning may be present, burning mouth syndrome

29

what may cause altered salivary composition in patients with menopause

psychological stress

30

What may happen to the epithelium in a patient experiencing menopause

may become thin, and atrophic with decreased keratinization

31

A patient with menopause will not have an alteration in taste perception

False, it is possible

32

what can contribute to adverse changes of mucosal tissues in a person with menopause

inadequate diet and eating habits

33

what can happen as a result of systemic osteoporosis in a patient with menopause

alveolar bone loss, ridge resorbtion and loss of teeth can occur

34

Should you emphasize to the patient the specific relationship between menopause and oral health

no, just emphasize oral care measures

35

What should be kept in mind when planning the appointments for a menopausal patient

-the symptoms of physical and emotional changes
-may need to adjust the temperature of the room

36

When instructing a patient who is in the menopause stage of their life what should you counsel them on

-saliva substitute may be needed
-measures for prevention of perio infections explained
-emphasize reasons for freq calc removal
-explain relationship between general and oral health

37

what dietary recommendations are suggested for a menopausal patient

-whole grains, veggies, fruits,foods low in fat and cholesterol, Calcium to keep bones strong

38

Is fluoride recommended for menopausal patients

it is based on the assessment of patients caries risk status