Most Commons (100-200) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Most Commons (100-200) Deck (100):
1

Tetralogy of fallot is most common in what breed?

Kesshond

2

Hoe long does PDA last in a foal?

4 days after birth it closes

3

Rings in horses are used for what?

To prevent masturbation

4

What is therapy for sinus tachycardia?

Propranolol

5

Mechanism of action for quinidine?

Increase refractory period of ECG & depress myocardial excitability and contractility

6

With 3rd heart block what do you see on an EKG?

2 Q-R complexes not related to a P wave

7

Most common acquired heart defect in dogs?

Fibrosis of mitral valve

8

What is the diagnosis of a CSF tap taht is high in protein but no cells?

Neoplasia

9

Most common agent in foal pneumonia?

Streptococcus zooepidemicus
Rhodococcus equi

10

Agent of strangles?

Streptococcus equi

11

Which is best to disinfect instruments?

Alcohol 70% (methyline oxide)

12

Most common brain tumor in older cats?

Meningioma

13

MC oral neoplasm in cat?

SCC

14

MC eyelid tumor in dogs?

Sebaceous adenoma

15

MC bladder tumor in the dog?

TCC

16

Most common tumor of female canine urethra?

SCC

17

MC tumor of male canine urethra?

TCC

18

MC biting louse of cats?

Felicola subostrata

19

MC location of enterolith in horse?

Transverse colon

20

MC tumor of equine stomach?

SCC

21

Most prevalent parasite in horse?

Small stongyles (cyathostomes)

22

Congenital night blindness is most common in?

Apaloosa horses

23

MC ocular lesion in neonatal foal?

Entropion

24

MC ovairan tumor in horses?

Granulosa cell tumor

25

MC cause of equine cataracts?

Periodic ophthalmia

26

MC cause of mare inferility?

Endometritis

27

MC cause of gastric dilatation in horse?

Gastric reflux secondary to intestinal obstruction

28

MC cause of chronic liver disease in horse?

Toxin ingestion

29

MC equine gastrointestinal neoplasm?

SCC

30

Most common testicular tumor of stallion?

Seminoma

31

MC organism involved in endocarditis of horses?

Streptococcus zooepidemicus

32

MC manifestation of brucellosis in horse?

Poll evil, fistulous whithers

33

MC cause of respiratory signs in parakeets?

Thyroid hyperplasia

34

Most reliable sign f estrus in teh ferret?

Swollen vulva

35

MC isolated dermatophyte in ferrets?

Microsporum canis

36

Most important external parasite in the mink?

Wohlfartia (flesh flies)

37

MC cause of ringworm in chinchillas?

Trichophyton mentagrophytes

38

MC necropsy lesion in listeriosis in chinchillas?

Focal hepatic necrosis

39

Most frequently reported tumor in domestic rabbits?

Uterine adenocarcinoma

40

Most important disease of rats?

Mycoplasmosi

41

Most common cause of ringworm in guinea pigs?

Trichophyton mentagrophytes

42

MC genetic defect in rabbits?

Dental malocclusion

43

MC flea found on dogs?

Ctenocephalides felis

44

MC economically impt swine parasite?

Ascaris suum

45

Second MC economically impt swine parasite?

Stephanurus dentatus

46

MC pathogenic sp. of coccidia in equine?

Eimeria leuckarti

47

MC pancreatic tumor in dog?

Acinar cell carcinoma

48

Most important ectoparasite of poultry?

Ornithonyssus sylvarium

49

MC mange of porcine?

Sarcoptes scabei var. suis

50

MC intraocular tumor in dogs?

Uveal melanoma

51

MC organism associated with discospondylitis in dog?

Staphylococcus aureus

52

MC cause of colitis in dog?

Trichuris vulpis

53

Most important route of infectioun of caseous lymphadenitis in sheep?

Wound contamination

54

MC oral tumor in the dog?

Malignant melanoma

55

MC site for pulmonic stenosis in dog?

Sub-valvular

56

MC eyelid tumor in a cat?

SCC

57

MC ocular manifestation of FIP?

Granulomatous uveitis

58

MC site to find inclusion bodies of E. Canis?

Monocytes

59

MC organism causing endocarditis in cattle?

Corynebacterium pyogenes

60

MC organism causing endocarditis in pig?

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathie

61

PDA is most common in what?

Puppies

62

MC source of tetanus in cattle?

Metritis

63

MC dermatophyte in pigs?

Microsporum nanum

64

Most frequent type of mange in sheep?

Chorioptic

65

MC oral neoplasm in the cow?

SCC

66

MC manifestation of TB in horses?

Cervical osteomyelitis

67

MC neoplasm of a cows teat?

Papilloma

68

MC site of metastasis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma in the dog?

The liver

69

MC source of tetanus in lambs?

Tail docking

70

MC cause of acute mastitis in sow?

Coliforms (E. Coli)

71

Most important mechanism for anemia associated with crhonic renal failure?

Decreased erythropoietin

72

Which joint is MC involved in canine OCD?

Scapulohumeral (shoulder)

73

Most common cause of rectal tears in horse?

Iatrogenic - be careful!

74

MC congenital cardiac defect in bovine?

VSD

75

MC cause of mange in horse?

Sarcoptes equi

76

MC acquired valvular lesion in cows, pigs and sheep?

Tricuspid insufficiency

77

Botulism is most common in what species?

Birds (causes rubber neck disease)

78

Which are most susceptible to Cu poisoning?

Sheep

79

MC bacteria associated with pyelonephritis in dog?

Psuedomonas

80

MC type of urinary calculi in the dog?

Struvite - Magnesium Ammonium Phosphate

81

MC post moretm finding in swine TB?

Localized non-progressive cervical lymph node abscess

82

MC cause of prostatic enlargement in dogs?

Benign hyperplasia

83

MC skin tumor in dog?

MCT

84

MC tumor in cats?

Hemolymphatic

85

MC developmental formation in foal?

Contracted forelimbs

86

MC malignant tumor in dog?

Osteosarc

87

What joint is most commonly involved in teh arthritict form of CAE?

Carpus

88

MC equine skin tumor?

Sarcoid

89

MC developmental anomaly of canine external genitalia?

Hypospadia

90

MC cause of ascites in the cat?

FIP

91

MC sign of lepto in swine?

Late gestation abortions

92

MC cause of brucellosis in the equine?

Brucella abortus

93

MC time for milk fever to occur?

48 hours post calving

94

MC site for intussusception in bovine?

Jejunal

95

MC serotype of lepto in swine?

L. Bradaslava or ponona

96

MC cause of enteric disease in neonatal swine?

Colibacillosis

97

Most important sheep helminth in summer with lots of rain fall?

Hameonchus contortus

98

MC dermatophyte of cattle?

Trichophyton verrucosum

99

MC site of malignant melanoma in bovine?

Abomasum

100

Which breed of dog is most susceptible to Zn deficiency?

Huskies